How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bréon FM. Climate. How do aerosols affect cloudiness and climate? Science. 2006 Aug 4;313(5787):623–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Krajcik JS, Sutherland LM. Supporting students in developing literacy in science. Science. 2010 Apr 23;328(5977):456–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pavlov P, Svendsen JI, Indrelid S. Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago. Nature. 2001 Sep 6;413(6851):64–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Riehle MA, Garczynski SF, Crim JW, Hill CA, Brown MR. Neuropeptides and peptide hormones in Anopheles gambiae. Science. 2002 Oct 4;298(5591):172–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Laplante PA, Ovaska SJ. Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Pardalos PM, Georgiev PG, Papajorgji P, Neugaard B, editors. Systems Analysis Tools for Better Health Care Delivery. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. IX, 178 p. (Springer Optimization and Its Applications; vol. 74).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sykes P. Traffic Simulation with Paramics. In: Barceló J, editor. Fundamentals of Traffic Simulation. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 131–71. (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Seal Attacks And Devours Guts Of 5 Sharks In One Sitting [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/seal-attacks-and-devours-guts-5-sharks-one-sitting/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Review Of Status Of Development Toward Establishment Of A Unified National Communications System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1969 Jul. Report No.: B-166655.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gramajo GG. Guidance control of small UAV with energy and maneuverability limitations for a search and coverage mission [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. A Mural Calls for Peace: To Somebody, That’s Subversive. New York Times. 2003 Mar 23;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0815-9319
ISSN (online)1440-1746
ScopeGastroenterology
Hepatology

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