How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hill F. ASTRONOMY. Waves in the Sun’s core. Science. 2007 Jun 15;316(5831):1573–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nagib DA, MacMillan DWC. Trifluoromethylation of arenes and heteroarenes by means of photoredox catalysis. Nature. 2011 Dec 8;480(7376):224–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Meyers MA, McKittrick J, Chen P-Y. Structural biological materials: critical mechanics-materials connections. Science. 2013 Feb 15;339(6121):773–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rajakulendran T, Sahmi M, Lefrançois M, Sicheri F, Therrien M. A dimerization-dependent mechanism drives RAF catalytic activation. Nature. 2009 Sep 24;461(7263):542–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Segura J, Hawkins CF. CMOS Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Anderson R. Pro Arduino. Cervo D, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013. XVII, 316 p. 120 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wu Y, Chen H-D, Li Y-H, Gao X-H, Preedy VR. Antioxidants and skin: an overview. In: Preedy VR, editor. Handbook of diet, nutrition and the skin. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2012. p. 68–90. (Human Health Handbooks no. 1).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Spotting The Solos In The Cosmic Choir Of Black Holes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/spotting-the-solos-in-the-cosmic-choir-of-black-holes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Supply Management in the District of Columbia Public Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Feb. Report No.: 089362.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Brugna RA. Augmenting the clinical clerkship curriculum of a physician assistant training program with distance education technology: Educational outcomes and student perceptions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Is It a Fight Over Fast Food Or the People Who Eat It? New York Times. 2002 Mar 3;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0815-9319
ISSN (online)1440-1746
ScopeGastroenterology
Hepatology

Other styles