How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Duan L-M. Physics. Quantum correlation between distant diamonds. Science. 2011 Dec 2;334(6060):1213–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Noriega C, Araujo M. Carbon dioxide emissions from estuaries of northern and northeastern Brazil. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 22;4:6164.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Carlos C, Torres TT, Ottoboni LMM. Bacterial communities and species-specific associations with the mucus of Brazilian coral species. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1624.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hinnebusch BJ, Rudolph AE, Cherepanov P, Dixon JE, Schwan TG, Forsberg A. Role of Yersinia murine toxin in survival of Yersinia pestis in the midgut of the flea vector. Science. 2002 Apr 26;296(5568):733–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hooker J. Logic-Based Methods for Optimization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
1.
Hari P, Heliövaara K, Kulmala L, editors. Physical and Physiological Forest Ecology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. XII, 536 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lvova L, Paolesse P, Di Natale C, Martinelli E, Mazzone E, Orsini A, et al. CHEMICAL IMAGES OF LIQUIDS. In: Byrnes J, editor. Imaging for Detection and Identification. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 63–95. (NATO Security through Science Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Bird Cries Wolf, Then Steals Your Juicy Grub [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/bird-cries-wolf-then-steals-your-juicy-grub/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Energy Research: Opportunities Exist to Recover Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jun. Report No.: RCED-96-141.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Banuelos J. Deficit irrigation of bermudagrass and seashore paspalum for golf course turf [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Balancing Football and Academic Success. New York Times. 2009 Dec 9;B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0815-9319
ISSN (online)1440-1746
ScopeGastroenterology
Hepatology

Other styles