How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes PJ. Medicine. Neutrophils find smoke attractive. Science. 2010 Oct 1;330(6000):40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levnajić Z, Pikovsky A. Untangling complex dynamical systems via derivative-variable correlations. Sci Rep. 2014 May 22;4:5030.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sagy A, Reches Z, Fineberg J. Dynamic fracture by large extraterrestrial impacts as the origin of shatter cones. Nature. 2002 Jul 18;418(6895):310–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fan W, Waymire KG, Narula N, Li P, Rocher C, Coskun PE, et al. A mouse model of mitochondrial disease reveals germline selection against severe mtDNA mutations. Science. 2008 Feb 15;319(5865):958–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Webb RC. Tele-Visionaries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Saharan V. Chitosan Based Nanomaterials in Plant Growth and Protection. Pal A, editor. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016. X, 55 p. 23 illus., 19 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Plant Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Gill ER. Economic Justice and Freedom of Conscience. In: Stacy HM, Lee W-C, editors. Economic Justice: Philosophical and Legal Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
Taub B. Your Brain Is Designed For Reading Even Before You Learn Your ABCs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to the Department of the Air Force’s Budget Request. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-90-57BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya S. Characterization of Interaction of Calmodulin and its Chimeras with Orai1 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. Quantum Leaps. New York Times. 2012 Aug 5;BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0815-9319
ISSN (online)1440-1746

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