How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson WD. Tech.Sight. Analyzing biomolecular interactions. Science. 2002 Mar 15;295(5562):2103–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Desai SA, Miller LH. Malaria: Protein-export pathway illuminated. Nature. 2014 Jul 31;511(7511):541–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen AJ, Mori-Sánchez P, Yang W. Insights into current limitations of density functional theory. Science. 2008 Aug 8;321(5890):792–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park I-H, Zhao R, West JA, Yabuuchi A, Huo H, Ince TA, et al. Reprogramming of human somatic cells to pluripotency with defined factors. Nature. 2008 Jan 10;451(7175):141–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski EG. Hydromechanics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
Andreon S. Bayesian Methods for the Physical Sciences: Learning from Examples in Astronomy and Physics. Weaver B, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XI, 238 p. 127 illus., 120 illus. in color. (Springer Series in Astrostatistics; vol. 4).
A chapter in an edited book
Andel TR, Yasinsac A. Automated Evaluation of Secure Route Discovery in MANET Protocols. In: Havelund K, Majumdar R, Palsberg J, editors. Model Checking Software: 15th International SPIN Workshop, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 10-12, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 26–41. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Cracked It! A 30-Year Cold Case Involving An Egg And The Mysterious Night Parrot [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Undeclared Air Shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT’s Enforcement Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jan. Report No.: GAO-03-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos J. Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-Being in Adulthood [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S. Putin Takes Helm As Police Punish Moscow Dissent. New York Times. 2012 May 7;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0815-9319
ISSN (online)1440-1746

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