How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gaines S. Sex, love and science. Nature. 2001 Sep 20;413(6853):255.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Camasso NM, Sanford MS. Design, synthesis, and carbon-heteroatom coupling reactions of organometallic nickel(IV) complexes. Science. 2015 Mar 13;347(6227):1218–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sanderson MJ, McMahon MM, Steel M. Terraces in phylogenetic tree space. Science. 2011 Jul 22;333(6041):448–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wu W-Q, Rao H-S, Xu Y-F, Wang Y-F, Su C-Y, Kuang D-B. Hierarchical oriented anatase TiO2 nanostructure arrays on flexible substrate for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Randall JF. Designing Indoor Solar Products. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Finkel D, Reynolds CA, editors. Behavior Genetics of Cognition Across the Lifespan. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XV, 300 p. (Advances in Behavior Genetics; vol. 1).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Raïevsky C, Mercier A, Genthial D, Occello M. Doubt Removal for Dependant People from Tablet Computer Usage Monitoring. In: Corchado JM, Bajo J, Kozlak J, Pawlewski P, Molina JM, Gaudou B, et al., editors. Highlights of Practical Applications of Heterogeneous Multi-Agent Systems The PAAMS Collection: PAAMS 2014 International Workshops, Salamanca, Spain, June 4-6, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 44–53. (Junqueira Barbosa SD, Chen P, Cuzzocrea A, Du X, Filipe J, Kara O, et al., editors. Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Stalagmites Help Scientists Trace Ancient Wildfires [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/stalagmites-help-scientists-trace-ancient-wildfires/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: Assistance from Education Could Help States Better Measure Progress of Students with Limited English Proficiency (Spanish Language Highlights). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jul. Report No.: GAO-06-1111.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kinney EL. Isolation, identification, and antimicrobial susceptibility analysis of Enterococccus spp. and Salmonella spp. from conventional poultry farms transitioning to organic farming practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly JF. Give and Take on Handlebars. New York Times. 2016 May 22;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0815-9319
ISSN (online)1440-1746
ScopeGastroenterology
Hepatology

Other styles