How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Botvinick M. Neuroscience. Probing the neural basis of body ownership. Science. 2004 Aug 6;305(5685):782–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bokov K, Steinberg SV. A hierarchical model for evolution of 23S ribosomal RNA. Nature. 2009 Feb 19;457(7232):977–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang L, Baade D, Patat F. Spectropolarimetric diagnostics of thermonuclear supernova explosions. Science. 2007 Jan 12;315(5809):212–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Nallagatla SR, Hwang J, Toroney R, Zheng X, Cameron CE, Bevilacqua PC. 5’-triphosphate-dependent activation of PKR by RNAs with short stem-loops. Science. 2007 Nov 30;318(5855):1455–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bertin E, Crespi N, Pujolle G. Architecture and Governance for Communication Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Li F, Shim K, Zheng K, Liu G, editors. Web Technologies and Applications: 18th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2016, Suzhou, China, September 23-25, 2016. Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXII, 601 p. 236 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9932).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Alekseev VR. Reactivation of Diapausing Crustaceans. In: Alekseev VR, Stasio BT de, Gilbert JJ, editors. Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates Theory and Human Use. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 65–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How Neutrinos, Which Barely Exist, Just Ran Off With Another Nobel Prize. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. International Education Assistance: USAID Has Implemented Primary Grade Reading Programs but Has Not Yet Measured Progress toward Its Strategic Goal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 May. Report No.: GAO-15-479.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fuentez OL. Proposition 21: Juveniles tried as adults [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. A Ball Field That Feels Like Home. New York Times. 2010 Jun 11;C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0815-9319
ISSN (online)1440-1746
ScopeGastroenterology
Hepatology

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