How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vereecken, L. (2013). Chemistry. Lifting the veil on an old mystery. Science 340, 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang, L.-L., and Perc, M. (2013). Spreading of cooperative behaviour across interdependent groups. Sci. Rep. 3, 2483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heeney, J. L., Dalgleish, A. G., and Weiss, R. A. (2006). Origins of HIV and the evolution of resistance to AIDS. Science 313, 462–466.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wacey, D., Saunders, M., Roberts, M., Menon, S., Green, L., Kong, C., et al. (2014). Enhanced cellular preservation by clay minerals in 1 billion-year-old lakes. Sci. Rep. 4, 5841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari, M., Ariff, M., and Mohamad, S. (2014). Sukuk Securities. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Attal, S., Joye, A., and Pillet, C.-A. eds. (2006). Open Quantum Systems I: The Hamiltonian Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao, C., and Gao, C. (2014). “Peripheral Cardiopulmonary Bypass Establishment for Robotic Cardiac Surgery,” in Robotic Cardiac Surgery, ed. C. Gao (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Big-Brained Female Guppies Outsmart Hungry Predators. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Americans With Disabilities Act: Challenges Faced by Transit Agencies in Complying With the Act’s Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emmerling-Baker, D. (2017). A Qualitative Interpretive Phenomenological Study of K5 Teacher Perceptions of Classroom Empathy Instruction.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Film Series. New York Times, C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vereecken, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Jiang and Perc, 2013; Vereecken, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiang and Perc, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wacey et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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