How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bickford, D. (2002). Animal behavior: male parenting of New Guinea froglets. Nature 418, 601–602.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hachet, O., and Ephrussi, A. (2004). Splicing of oskar RNA in the nucleus is coupled to its cytoplasmic localization. Nature 428, 959–963.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Riordan, M., Moors, M. A., and Portnoy, D. A. (2003). Listeria intracellular growth and virulence require host-derived lipoic acid. Science 302, 462–464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Adams, R. B., Jr, Gordon, H. L., Baird, A. A., Ambady, N., and Kleck, R. E. (2003). Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science 300, 1536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau, J. (2011). The Last Caudillo. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Reinhartz-Berger, I., Sturm, A., Clark, T., Cohen, S., and Bettin, J. eds. (2013). Domain Engineering: Product Lines, Languages, and Conceptual Models. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kundu, M. (2013). “Helicobacter pylori Peptidyl Prolyl cis, trans Isomerase: A Modulator of the Host Immune Response,” in Moonlighting Cell Stress Proteins in Microbial Infections Heat Shock Proteins., ed. B. Henderson (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 81–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Earth’s Magnetic Field May Be Half A Billion Years Older Than Previously Thought. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Women in STEM Research: Better Data and Information Sharing Could Improve Oversight of Federal Grant-making and Title IX Compliance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cetin, B. (2012). Leaching of metals from high carbon fly ash mixed soils.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2012). John Blair, Beto Sutter. New York Times, ST18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bickford, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bickford, 2002; Hachet and Ephrussi, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hachet and Ephrussi, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Adams et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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