How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ravishankara, A. R. (2012). Atmospheric science. Water vapor in the lower stratosphere. Science 337, 809–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet, M. C., and Mooney, C. (2007). Science and society. Framing Science. Science 316, 56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertsinidis, A., Zhang, Y., and Chu, S. (2010). Subnanometre single-molecule localization, registration and distance measurements. Nature 466, 647–651.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Merbach, M. A., Merbach, D. J., Maschwitz, U., Booth, W. E., Fiala, B., and Zizka, G. (2002). Mass march of termites into the deadly trap. Nature 415, 36–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wu, Z. (2007). Software VNA and Microwave Network Design and Characterisation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cham, T.-J., Cai, J., Dorai, C., Rajan, D., Chua, T.-S., and Chia, L.-T. eds. (2006). Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 13th International Multimedia Modeling Conference, MMM 2007, Singapore, January 9-12, 2007. Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kras, J. F. (2015). “Perioperative Considerations of Do Not Resuscitate and Do Not Intubate Orders in Adult Patients,” in Ethical Issues in Anesthesiology and Surgery, ed. B. G. Jericho (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). How Neanderthal DNA Affects Your Genome. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). National Science Foundation: Better Use of Existing Resources Could Improve Program Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ferreira, T. J. (2010). Fragmented: Moving Away from Control.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Winerip, M., and Schwirtz, M. (2015). Even as Many Eyes Watch, Brutality at Rikers Persists. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ravishankara, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Nisbet and Mooney, 2007; Ravishankara, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nisbet and Mooney, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Merbach et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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