How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stock, J. M. (2006). Geochemistry. The Hawaiian-Emperor bend: older than expected. Science 313, 1250–1251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vetter, I. R., and Wittinghofer, A. (2001). The guanine nucleotide-binding switch in three dimensions. Science 294, 1299–1304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, J. L., Wilson, C. R., and Tapley, B. D. (2006). Satellite gravity measurements confirm accelerated melting of Greenland ice sheet. Science 313, 1958–1960.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ci, T., Chen, L., Yu, L., and Ding, J. (2014). Tumor regression achieved by encapsulating a moderately soluble drug into a polymeric thermogel. Sci. Rep. 4, 5473.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherrie, J. W., Howie, R. M., and Semple, S. (2010). Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Amara, S. G. (2007). Reviews of Physiology Biochemistry and Pharmacology. , eds. E. Bamberg, T. Gudermann, S. C. Hebert, R. Jahn, W. J. Lederer, R. Lill, et al. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dhillon, S. K., Paunoo, B., and Sidhu, A. S. (2013). “Framework for Biodiversity Information Retrieval in Malaysia,” in Advances in Biomedical Infrastructure 2013: Proceedings of International Symposium on Biomedical Data Infrastructure (BDI 2013) Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. A. S. Sidhu and S. K. Dhillon (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 15–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). New Device Can Diagnose Diseases Just By Sniffing Your Breath. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). ADP Procurement: DOD’s Approach to Providing Logistics Data on Compact Disk Is Justified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Narang, S. (2013). Use of technology to reduce the occurrence of medication errors in a U.S. hospital: A project report.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., and Protess, B. (2017). Citigroup Pays $97.4 Million To End Inquiry On Oversight. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stock, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Vetter and Wittinghofer, 2001; Stock, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vetter and Wittinghofer, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ci et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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