How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tranquada, J. M. (2012). Physics. Cuprates get orders to charge. Science 337, 811–812.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sabel, T., and Zschocher, M. (2013). Transition of refractive index contrast in course of grating growth. Sci. Rep. 3, 2552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tupler, R., Perini, G., and Green, M. R. (2001). Expressing the human genome. Nature 409, 832–833.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Harrison, T., Samuel, B. U., Akompong, T., Hamm, H., Mohandas, N., Lomasney, J. W., et al. (2003). Erythrocyte G protein-coupled receptor signaling in malarial infection. Science 301, 1734–1736.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavi, M. R. (2016). The Impact of IFRS on Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rovenski, V., and Walczak, P. eds. (2014). Geometry and its Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Anzures-García, M., Hornos, M. J., and Paderewski-Rodríguez, P. (2007). “Development of Extensible and Flexible Collaborative Applications Using a Web Service-Based Architecture,” in Rapid Integration of Software Engineering Techniques: Third International Workshop, RISE 2006, Geneva, Switzerland, September 13-15, 2006. Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. N. Guelfi and D. Buchs (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 66–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). The Science Of Why Are Some People Attracted To Children. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). FAA Technical Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alalshaikh, S. A. (2017). Leadership Styles in Saudi Arabian Universities: Comparison Based on Educational Background.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007). Chief Justice Is Admitted To Hospital After Seizure. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tranquada, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Sabel and Zschocher, 2013; Tranquada, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sabel and Zschocher, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Harrison et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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