How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Layard, R. (2010). Economics. Measuring subjective well-being. Science 327, 534–535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallo, R. C., and Montagnier, L. (2002). Historical essay. Prospects for the future. Science 298, 1730–1731.
A journal article with 3 authors
McPhaden, M. J., Zebiak, S. E., and Glantz, M. H. (2006). ENSO as an integrating concept in earth science. Science 314, 1740–1745.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kobayashi, T., Nagase, F., Hotta, K., and Oka, K. (2013). Crosstalk between second messengers predicts the motility of the growth cone. Sci. Rep. 3, 3118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garduno Barrera, D., and Diaz, M. (2011). Communicating Systems with UML 2. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karasulu, B. (2013). Performance Evaluation Software: Moving Object Detection and Tracking in Videos. , ed. S. Korukoglu New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nandram, S., and Joshi, A. (2016). “An Ethics of Care Induced from Kautilya’s Wisdom,” in Ethical Leadership: Indian and European Spiritual Approaches, eds. M. Chatterji and L. Zsolnai (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Asteroid That Killed The Dinosaurs Helped Forests Bloom. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Securities Regulation: Hostile Corporate Takeovers: Synopses of Thirty-Two Attempts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bible, P. W. (2013). Integrating Heterogeneous Datasets for Functional Profiling of Transcription Factors and Their Target Genes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2016). Revisiting an Effort to Expose the Evils of ‘Mein Kampf.’ New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Layard, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gallo and Montagnier, 2002; Layard, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallo and Montagnier, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kobayashi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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