How to format your references using the Journal of Further and Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Further and Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonietz, Erika. 2011. “Designing Smarter Cancer Prevention Trials.” Nature 471 (7339): S20-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wahl, Eugene R., and Carrie Morrill. 2010. “Climate Change. Toward Understanding and Predicting Monsoon Patterns.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5977): 437–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taneike, Masaki, Fujio Abe, and Kota Sawada. 2003. “Creep-Strengthening of Steel at High Temperatures Using Nano-Sized Carbonitride Dispersions.” Nature 424 (6946): 294–296.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schramek, Daniel, Andreas Leibbrandt, Verena Sigl, Lukas Kenner, John A. Pospisilik, Heather J. Lee, Reiko Hanada, et al. 2010. “Osteoclast Differentiation Factor RANKL Controls Development of Progestin-Driven Mammary Cancer.” Nature 468 (7320): 98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frank, Patricia, and M. Alice Ottoboni. 2011. The Dose Makes the Poison. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gupta, Sudhir, William E. Paul, and Ralph Steinman, eds. 2005. Mechanisms of Lymphocyte Activation and Immune Regulation X: Innate Immunity. Vol. 560. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Das, Kshitish C. 2006. “Nuclear Hematology.” In The Pathophysiologic Basis of Nuclear Medicine, edited by Abdelhamid H. Elgazzar, 90–131. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Further and Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Paleo Diet? Science Has Moved On Since The Stone Age.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. National Science Foundation-Supported Science Education Materials. HRD-76-134. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banerjee, Sayanti. 2013. “A Mathematical Model for the Transition in Firing Patterns across Puberty of a Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Neuron.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isaac, Mike. 2017. “Uber Board, Deeply Split, Can’t Agree On a C.E.O.” New York Times, July 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jonietz 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jonietz 2011; Wahl and Morrill 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wahl and Morrill 2010)
  • Three authors: (Taneike, Abe, and Sawada 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Schramek et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Further and Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Furth. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)0309-877X
ISSN (online)1469-9486

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