How to format your references using the Journal of Further and Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Further and Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, Cassandra. 2013. “Pathology: At the Heart of the Problem.” Nature 493 (7434): S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reichhardt, C. J. Olson, and L. M. Lopatina. 2009. “Materials Science. A Ball-and-Chain Polymer Model.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5951): 374–375.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esposito, Maria Soledad, Paolo Capelli, and Silvia Arber. 2014. “Brainstem Nucleus MdV Mediates Skilled Forelimb Motor Tasks.” Nature 508 (7496): 351–356.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kuypers, M. M., P. Blokker, J. Erbacher, H. Kinkel, R. D. Pancost, S. Schouten, and J. S. Sinninghe Damste. 2001. “Massive Expansion of Marine Archaea during a Mid-Cretaceous Oceanic Anoxic Event.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5527): 92–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wind, Yoram Jerry, and Catharine Findiesen Hays. 2015. Beyond Advertising. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sturgeon, Cord, ed. 2010. Endocrine Neoplasia. 1st ed. Vol. 153. Cancer Treatment and Research. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Dumont, S., F. Lebon, M. L. Raffa, R. Rizzoni, and H. Welemane. 2016. “Multiscale Modeling of Imperfect Interfaces and Applications.” In Computational Methods for Solids and Fluids: Multiscale Analysis, Probability Aspects and Model Reduction, edited by Adnan Ibrahimbegovic, 81–122. Computational Methods in Applied Sciences. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Further and Higher Education.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2017. “Immunotherapy: Training The Body To Fight Cancer.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Curriculum Case Studies Are of Questionable Quality but Helped Precollege Curriculum Activities. HRD-77-46. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Esmaili, Gholamreza. 2006. “Application of Advanced Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Sources and Hybrid Generating Systems.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, Linda. 2017. “On an Unaltered Headline, and Those Quotation Marks.” New York Times, March 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Willyard 2013; Reichhardt and Lopatina 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reichhardt and Lopatina 2009)
  • Three authors: (Esposito, Capelli, and Arber 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kuypers et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Further and Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Furth. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)0309-877X
ISSN (online)1469-9486

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