How to format your references using the Journal of Fungi citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fungi. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kauranen, M. Physics. Freeing nonlinear optics from phase matching. Science 2013, 342, 1182–1183.
A journal article with 2 authors
Byers, J.; Dunn, S. Response to comments on “Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection.” Science 2013, 340, 549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Son, Y.-W.; Cohen, M.L.; Louie, S.G. Half-metallic graphene nanoribbons. Nature 2006, 444, 347–349.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pál, C.; Papp, B.; Lercher, M.J.; Csermely, P.; Oliver, S.G.; Hurst, L.D. Chance and necessity in the evolution of minimal metabolic networks. Nature 2006, 440, 667–670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collins, D. Magic in the Ancient Greek World; Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008; ISBN 9780470696453.
An edited book
Doctoral Education: Research-Based Strategies for Doctoral Students, Supervisors and Administrators; McAlpine, L., Amundsen, C., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; ISBN 9789400705067.
A chapter in an edited book
Sovacool, B.K.; Linnér, B.-O. Bloated Bodies: The Political Economy of Hurricane Katrina Recovery. In The Political Economy of Climate Change Adaptation; Linnér, B.-O., Ed.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; pp. 81–109 ISBN 9781349577248.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fungi.

Blog post
Andrews, R. The First Death Involving A Self-Driving Car Has Just Been Reported (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Financial Management Systems: OMB’s Financial Management Line of Business Initiative Continues but Future Success Remains Uncertain; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun, Z. A qualitative study of Chinese parents’ beliefs, involvement and challenges in support of their children’s English language development in China. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, J.; Fink, S.; Savage, C. State Secrets Privilege Invoked to Block Testimony in C.I.A. Torture Case. New York Times 2017, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fungi
AbbreviationJ. Fungi (Basel)
ISSN (online)2309-608X

Other styles