How to format your references using the Journal of Fungi citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fungi. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCarty, M. Discovering Genes Are Made of DNA. Nature 2003, 421, 406.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ryan, R.J.H.; Bernstein, B.E. Molecular Biology. Genetic Events That Shape the Cancer Epigenome. Science 2012, 336, 1513–1514.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coplan, P.M.; Mitchnick, M.; Rosenberg, Z.F. Public Health. Regulatory Challenges in Microbicide Development. Science 2004, 304, 1911–1912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhuang, Z.; Frerich, J.M.; Huntoon, K.; Yang, C.; Merrill, M.J.; Abdullaev, Z.; Pack, S.D.; Shively, S.B.; Stamp, G.; Lonser, R.R. Tumor Derived Vasculogenesis in von Hippel-Lindau Disease-Associated Tumors. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety Guidelines for Technical Planning for On-Site Emergencies; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 1995; ISBN 9780470938034.
An edited book
Winkelmann, R. Analysis of Microdata; Boes, S., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; ISBN 9783540296058.
A chapter in an edited book
Bandyopadhyay, S.; Saha, S. Point Symmetry-Based Distance Measures and Their Applications to Clustering. In Unsupervised Classification: Similarity Measures, Classical and Metaheuristic Approaches, and Applications; Saha, S., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 93–123 ISBN 9783642324505.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fungi.

Blog post
Hale, T. The Biggest Coral Bleaching Event In History Will Hit The US Coral Reefs Hard (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office The Office of Science and Technology Policy: Adaptation to a President’s Operating Style May Conflict With Congressionally Mandated Assignments; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hau, C.C. Beliefs of Nurse Practitioner Students toward Testicular Cancer and Teaching Testicular Self-Examinations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S. Top Banker Denies Role In Trump Moscow Plan. New York Times 2017, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fungi
AbbreviationJ. Fungi (Basel)
ISSN (online)2309-608X

Other styles