How to format your references using the Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maquat LE (2002) Molecular biology. Skiing toward nonstop mRNA decay. Science 295:2221–2222
A journal article with 2 authors
Xavier KB, Bassler BL (2005) Interference with AI-2-mediated bacterial cell-cell communication. Nature 437:750–753
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng J, Wang Y, Li C (2011) Transitional mammalian middle ear from a new Cretaceous Jehol eutriconodont. Nature 472:181–185
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Veneti Z, Bentley JK, Koana T, et al (2005) A functional dosage compensation complex required for male killing in Drosophila. Science 307:1461–1463

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society (2012) Recommendations for Design and Analysis of Earth Structures using Geosynthetic Reinforcements - EBGEO. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany
An edited book
Kang L, Liu Y, Zeng S (eds) (2007) Advances in Computation and Intelligence: Second International Symposium, ISICA 2007 Wuhan, China, September 21-23, 2007 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Heath L, Salinger MJ, Falkland T, et al (2014) Climate and Security in Asia and the Pacific (Food, Water and Energy). In: Manton M, Stevenson LA (eds) Climate in Asia and the Pacific: Security, Society and Sustainability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 129–198

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Playing Video Games Could Actually Physically Alter Your Brain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Government Making Progress But Critical Issues Must Still Be Addressed to Minimize Disruptions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrugia TJ (2010) Abundance, habitat use and movement patterns of the shovelnose guitarfish (Rhinobatus productus) in a restored Southern California estuary. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cobb JG (2017) A Whiff of That New-Car Smell Is Just a Page Flip Away. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maquat 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Maquat 2002; Xavier and Bassler 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xavier and Bassler 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Veneti et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics
AbbreviationJ. Econ.
ISSN (print)0931-8658
ISSN (online)1617-7134
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles