How to format your references using the Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willerroider M (2005) Scientists and societies. Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. Nature 433:782
A journal article with 2 authors
Siders CW, Cavalleri A (2003) Materials science. Creating transient crystal structures with light. Science 300:591–592
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryant P, Nunes T, Snaith R (2000) Children learn an untaught rule of spelling. Nature 403:157–158
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tapley BD, Bettadpur S, Ries JC, et al (2004) GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system. Science 305:503–505

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagrintseva KI (2015) Carbonate Reservoir Rocks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Barberousse A, Morange M, Pradeu T (eds) (2009) Mapping the Future of Biology: Evolving Concepts and Theories. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Kolkowska E, Avatare Nöu A, Sjölinder M, Scandurra I (2016) Socio-Technical Challenges in Implementation of Monitoring Technologies in Elderly Care. In: Zhou J, Salvendy G (eds) Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Healthy and Active Aging: Second International Conference, ITAP 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016 Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–22, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) View the Known Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) GAO Evaluation of Report by Technassociates, Inc., on the Evaluation of Written Products Delivered by the National Center for Research in Vocational Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koons LM (2013) An outreach program for homeless individuals: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B, Alter A, Chan S (2016) Bob Dylan Wins Nobel Prize, Redefining the Boundaries of Literature. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willerroider 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Siders and Cavalleri 2003; Willerroider 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siders and Cavalleri 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Tapley et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics
AbbreviationJ. Econ.
ISSN (print)0931-8658
ISSN (online)1617-7134
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles