How to format your references using the Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ko H (2014) Neuroscience. Functional organization of synaptic connections in the neocortex. Science 346:555
A journal article with 2 authors
Szule JA, Coorssen JR (2004) Comment on “Transmembrane segments of syntaxin line the fusion pore of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis.” Science 306:813; author reply 813
A journal article with 3 authors
Mishra L, Derynck R, Mishra B (2005) Transforming growth factor-beta signaling in stem cells and cancer. Science 310:68–71
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Martin SJ, Beekman M, Wossler TC, Ratnieks FLW (2002) Parasitic Cape honeybee workers, Apis mellifera capensis, evade policing. Nature 415:163–165

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neward T, Erickson AC, Crowell T, Minerich R (2010) Professional F# 2.0. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Sasaki R, Qing S, Okamoto E, Yoshiura H (eds) (2005) Security and Privacy in the Age of Ubiquitous Computing: IFIP TC11 20th International Information Security Conference May 30 – June 1, 2005, Chiba, Japan. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu Y, Lan H, Ness DA, et al (2015) Alternative Energy Development in Rural Chinese Communities. In: Lan H, Ness DA, Xing K, et al. (eds) Transforming Rural Communities in China and Beyond: Community Entrepreneurship and Enterprises, Infrastructure Development and Investment Modes. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 93–116

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Scientists Thought The Moon Had Volcanic Activity Recently. They Were Probably Wrong. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-moon-was-not-as-volcanically-active-recently-as-we-thought/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Transportation Research: Actions Needed to Improve Coordination and Evaluation of Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cebada-Ricalde MC (2014) Synthesis and characterization of PANI-coated VGCNFs and evaluation of its use for corrosion inhibition. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2002) Tatyana M. Velikanova, 70, Soviet Human Rights Activist. New York Times A31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ko 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Szule and Coorssen 2004; Ko 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szule and Coorssen 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Martin et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics
AbbreviationJ. Econ.
ISSN (print)0931-8658
ISSN (online)1617-7134
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles