How to format your references using the Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Covington WW (2000) Helping western forests heal. Nature 408:135–136
A journal article with 2 authors
Kassiotis G, O’Garra A (2008) Immunology. Immunity benefits from a little suppression. Science 320:1168–1169
A journal article with 3 authors
Barbot S, Lapusta N, Avouac J-P (2012) Under the hood of the earthquake machine: toward predictive modeling of the seismic cycle. Science 336:707–710
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ranero CR, Morgan JP, McIntosh K, Reichert C (2003) Bending-related faulting and mantle serpentinization at the Middle America trench. Nature 425:367–373

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kappe CO, Stadler A, Dallinger D (2012) Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Forsyth D, Torr P, Zisserman A (eds) (2008) Computer Vision – ECCV 2008: 10th European Conference on Computer Vision, Marseille, France, October 12-18, 2008, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sikorski A (2009) A Multi-tier Path Query Evaluation Engine for Internet Information Systems. In: Tkacz E, Kapczynski A (eds) Internet – Technical Development and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 29–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) New Blood Test Forecasts Breast Cancer Risk. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/blood-test-hopes-forecast-breast-cancer-risk/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams K (2014) The lexicographic treatment of color terms. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinmetz G, Kimmelman M (2014) Floating in the Sky. New York Times MM32

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Covington 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Covington 2000; Kassiotis and O’Garra 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kassiotis and O’Garra 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ranero et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics
AbbreviationJ. Econ.
ISSN (print)0931-8658
ISSN (online)1617-7134
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles