How to format your references using the Journal of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedström P (2006) Sociology. Experimental macro sociology: predicting the next best seller. Science 311:786–787
A journal article with 2 authors
Clandinin TR, Giocomo LM (2015) Neuroscience: Internal compass puts flies in their place. Nature 521:165–166
A journal article with 3 authors
Gómez JM, Verdú M, Perfectti F (2010) Ecological interactions are evolutionarily conserved across the entire tree of life. Nature 465:918–921
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bragina A, Berg C, Müller H, et al (2013) Insights into functional bacterial diversity and its effects on Alpine bog ecosystem functioning. Sci Rep 3:1955

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bamfield P (2006) Research and Development in the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Schmidt HHHW, Hofmann F, Stasch J-P (eds) (2009) cGMP: Generators, Effectors and Therapeutic Implications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Akgün T, Gevrekci M (2013) Accelerating Super-Resolution Reconstruction Using GPU by CUDA. In: Nagamalai D, Kumar A, Annamalai A (eds) Advances in Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology (CCSEIT-2013), KTO Karatay University, June 7-9, 2013, Konya,Turkey - Volume 1. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp 47–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Watch Live As Three Astronauts Return To Earth Tonight. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-live-as-three-astronauts-return-to-earth-tonight/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 5. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sahib SS (2010) Numerical solutions of Maxwell’s equations in 1D, 2D, and 3D via the finite element method. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crawford S (2017) Trump’s Big Telecom Giveaway. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hedström 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hedström 2006; Clandinin and Giocomo 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clandinin and Giocomo 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bragina et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics
AbbreviationJ. Econ.
ISSN (print)0931-8658
ISSN (online)1617-7134
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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