How to format your references using the Drones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson, A. Critical Time for Fluid Dynamos. Nature 2000, 405, 1003–1004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anglada-Escudé, G.; Tuomi, M. Exoplanet Detection. Comment on “Stellar Activity Masquerading as Planets in the Habitable Zone of the M Dwarf Gliese 581.” Science 2015, 347, 1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Julsgaard, B.; Kozhekin, A.; Polzik, E.S. Experimental Long-Lived Entanglement of Two Macroscopic Objects. Nature 2001, 413, 400–403.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scherz, P.J.; Harfe, B.D.; McMahon, A.P.; Tabin, C.J. The Limb Bud Shh-Fgf Feedback Loop Is Terminated by Expansion of Former ZPA Cells. Science 2004, 305, 396–399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bottjer, D.J. Paleoecology; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781118455838.
An edited book
CGMP: Generators, Effectors and Therapeutic Implications; Schmidt, H.H.H.W., Hofmann, F., Stasch, J.-P., Eds.; Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; Vol. 191; ISBN 9783540689607.
A chapter in an edited book
Eldib, H.; Wang, C.; Schaumont, P. SMT-Based Verification of Software Countermeasures against Side-Channel Attacks. In Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 20th International Conference, TACAS 2014, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2014, Grenoble, France, April 5-13, 2014. Proceedings; Ábrahám, E., Havelund, K., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 62–77 ISBN 9783642548611.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drones.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Bikini Island Is Still Very Radioactive Five Decades After Atomic Bomb Tests Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aviation: Impact of Fuel Price Increases on the Aviation Industry; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, C.A. Intervention Workshops for Members of Multidisciplinary Teams on Hoarding: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. The City as Gallery. New York Times 2014, WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrones
ISSN (online)2504-446X

Other styles