How to format your references using the Drones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeliger, J.C. Scientists must be taught to manage. Nature 2012, 483, 511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saavedra, S.; Stouffer, D.B. “Disentangling nestedness” disentangled. Nature 2013, 500, E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, M.A.; Komarova, N.L.; Niyogi, P. Evolution of universal grammar. Science 2001, 291, 114–118.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hetzel, R.; Niedermann, S.; Tao, M.; Kubik, P.W.; Ivy-Ochs, S.; Gao, B.; Strecker, M.R. Low slip rates and long-term preservation of geomorphic features in Central Asia. Nature 2002, 417, 428–432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida, J.P.M.; Maunder, E.A.W. Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2017; ISBN 9781118925782.
An edited book
Zappoli, B. Heat Transfers and Related Effects in Supercritical Fluids; Beysens, D., Garrabos, Y., Eds.; Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2015; Vol. 108; ISBN 9789401791861.
A chapter in an edited book
Rountev, A.; Sharp, M.; Xu, G. IDE Dataflow Analysis in the Presence of Large Object-Oriented Libraries. In Compiler Construction: 17th International Conference, CC 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29 - April 6, 2008. Proceedings; Hendren, L., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 53–68 ISBN 9783540787907.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drones.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Aurora Borealis Illuminates the Skies Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office EPA: Final Regulations for Revisions to the Federal Test Procedure for Emissions from Motor Vehicles; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, L.A. An exploratory study of the impact of school-wide positive behavior support on bullying. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, A.L. It’s No Fun, but It May Save Your Life. New York Times 1999, G9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrones
ISSN (online)2504-446X

Other styles