How to format your references using the Drones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cartwright, J. Stranger than fiction. Nature 2001, 412, 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ban, Y.; Chen, X. Counter-diabatic driving for fast spin control in a two-electron double quantum dot. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panday, V.; Tiest, W.M.B.; Kappers, A.M.L. Integration of length and curvature in haptic perception. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zou, Z.; Horowitz, L.F.; Montmayeur, J.P.; Snapper, S.; Buck, L.B. Genetic tracing reveals a stereotyped sensory map in the olfactory cortex. Nature 2001, 414, 173–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Energy Materials 2014; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119027973.
An edited book
Electronics and Signal Processing: Selected Papers from the 2011 International Conference on Electric and Electronics (EEIC 2011) in Nanchang, China on June 20–22, 2011, Volume 1; Hu, W., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 97; ISBN 9783642216961.
A chapter in an edited book
Riemenschneider, M.J.; Reifenberger, G. Histology and Molecular Genetics. In Primary Optic Nerve Sheath Meningioma; Jeremic, B., Pitz, S., Eds.; Medical Radiology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 55–66 ISBN 9783540775577.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drones.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Map Of Earth’s Mantle Reveals That It’s Churning 10 Times Faster Than We Thought Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Status of Federal and Private Research and Development Efforts To Conserve Energy by Reducing Electric Power Transmission Losses; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1976;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black, D.D. Franz Liszt’s “Via Crucis”: A summation of the composer’s styles and beliefs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S. The Dangers of a Student Data Clampdown. New York Times 2015, BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrones
ISSN (online)2504-446X

Other styles