How to format your references using the Drones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R.F. CHEMISTRY: Crystals Branch Out Into Exotic Shapes. Science 2000, 290, 1875.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jernvall, J.; Fortelius, M. Common Mammals Drive the Evolutionary Increase of Hypsodonty in the Neogene. Nature 2002, 417, 538–540.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lou, X.; Scheuss, V.; Schneggenburger, R. Allosteric Modulation of the Presynaptic Ca2+ Sensor for Vesicle Fusion. Nature 2005, 435, 497–501.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krantz, B.A.; Melnyk, R.A.; Zhang, S.; Juris, S.J.; Lacy, D.B.; Wu, Z.; Finkelstein, A.; Collier, R.J. A Phenylalanine Clamp Catalyzes Protein Translocation through the Anthrax Toxin Pore. Science 2005, 309, 777–781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari, M.; Ariff, M.; Mohamad, S. Sukuk Securities; John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd: Singapore, 2014; ISBN 9781119029236.
An edited book
Advances in Iterative Methods for Nonlinear Equations; Amat, S., Busquier, S., Eds.; SEMA SIMAI Springer Series; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 10; ISBN 9783319392271.
A chapter in an edited book
Kyriazis, D.; Menychtas, A.; Varvarigou, T.; Silvestri, F.; Laforenza, D.; Tserpes, K. An Open Architecture for QoS Information in Business Grids. In Towards Next Generation Grids: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Symposium 2007; Priol, T., Vanneschi, M., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2007; pp. 37–49 ISBN 9780387724973.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drones.

Blog post
Luntz, S. How A Fungus Could Recycle Your Smartphone Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Customs Service Modernization: Architecture Must Be Complete and Enforced to Effectively Build and Maintain Systems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newberry, G.C. Students’ Experiences with Simulation Education. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. If the Pay’s “Confidential,” It Just Disappeared. New York Times 2007, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrones
ISSN (online)2504-446X

Other styles