How to format your references using the Drones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bruno, J.F. Ecology. How Do Coral Reefs Recover? Science 2014, 345, 879–880.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu, H.; Cohen, R.E. Polarization Rotation Mechanism for Ultrahigh Electromechanical Response in Single-Crystal Piezoelectrics. Nature 2000, 403, 281–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baker, C.R.; Hanson-Smith, V.; Johnson, A.D. Following Gene Duplication, Paralog Interference Constrains Transcriptional Circuit Evolution. Science 2013, 342, 104–108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raizen, D.M.; Zimmerman, J.E.; Maycock, M.H.; Ta, U.D.; You, Y.-J.; Sundaram, M.V.; Pack, A.I. Lethargus Is a Caenorhabditis Elegans Sleep-like State. Nature 2008, 451, 569–572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Connors, L.A.; Alvarez, C. How Markets Really Work; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118531594.
An edited book
Advanced Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting Applications; Becker, W., Ed.; Springer Series in Chemical Physics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 111; ISBN 9783319149288.
A chapter in an edited book
Grüne, L.; Hirche, S.; Junge, O.; Koltai, P.; Lehmann, D.; Lunze, J.; Molin, A.; Sailer, R.; Sigurani, M.; Stöcker, C.; et al. Event-Based Control. In Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems; Lunze, J., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 169–261 ISBN 9783319011301.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drones.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Mechanisms Contributing To The Rare Ability To Control HIV Infection Found Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office The Impact of Budget Cuts on Three Directorates of the National Science Foundation; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1982;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yamada, T. Comparison of Cognitively Diagnostic Adaptive Testing Algorithms. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University: New York, NY, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hernández, J.C.; Drucker, J. Wooing China Investors With the Trump Name And Offers of U.S. Visas. New York Times 2017, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrones
ISSN (online)2504-446X

Other styles