How to format your references using the Drones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luber-Narod, J. Soft money is hard to find. Science 2000, 290, 453b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Della Valle, M.; Gilmozzi, R. Rebirth of novae as distance indicators due to efficient, large telescopes. Science 2002, 296, 1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maertens, G.N.; Hare, S.; Cherepanov, P. The mechanism of retroviral integration from X-ray structures of its key intermediates. Nature 2010, 468, 326–329.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raven, A.; Lu, W.-Y.; Man, T.Y.; Ferreira-Gonzalez, S.; O’Duibhir, E.; Dwyer, B.J.; Thomson, J.P.; Meehan, R.R.; Bogorad, R.; Koteliansky, V.; et al. Corrigendum: Cholangiocytes act as facultative liver stem cells during impaired hepatocyte regeneration. Nature 2018, 555, 402.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S.G. Advanced Wireless Communications & Internet; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781119991632.
An edited book
Quantum Independent Increment Processes II: Structure of Quantum Levy Processes, Classical Probability, and Physics; Schüermann, M., Franz, U., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Mathematics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 1866; ISBN 9783540244073.
A chapter in an edited book
Gault, D.; Cannell, K.; Cimolini, P.; D’Souza, M.; St. Hilaire, T. Applications and Navigation. In Beginning Oracle Application Express 4.2; Cannell, K., Cimolini, P., D’Souza, M., St. Hilaire, T., Eds.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2013; pp. 55–95 ISBN 9781430257349.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drones.

Blog post
Davis, J. Scientists Engineer Bacteria To Replicate Color Photographs (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications Network: NASA Could Better Manage Its Planned Consolidation; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, C.P. Range vs. register: An important distinction in choral repertoire for the adolescent male. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. For Equestrian Event, Course Bursts From an Imagination. New York Times 2012, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrones
ISSN (online)2504-446X

Other styles