How to format your references using the Journal of Commodity Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Commodity Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeMello, A.J., 2006. Control and detection of chemical reactions in microfluidic systems. Nature 442, 394–402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Price, G.D., Howitt, S.M., 2014. Plant science: Towards turbocharged photosynthesis. Nature 513, 497–498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Idzko, M., Ferrari, D., Eltzschig, H.K., 2014. Nucleotide signalling during inflammation. Nature 509, 310–317.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pacaud, R., Brocard, E., Lalier, L., Hervouet, E., Vallette, F.M., Cartron, P.-F., 2014. The DNMT1/PCNA/UHRF1 disruption induces tumorigenesis characterized by similar genetic and epigenetic signatures. Sci. Rep. 4, 4230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee, 2005. Continuous Direct-Heat Rotary Dryers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brinkworth, J.F., Pechenkina, K. (Eds.), 2013. Primates, Pathogens, and Evolution, Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Skrabanek, P., Majerík, F., 2016. Simplified Version of White Wine Grape Berries Detector Based on SVM and HOG Features, in: Silhavy, R., Senkerik, R., Oplatkova, Z.K., Silhavy, P., Prokopova, Z. (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence Perspectives in Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the 5th Computer Science On-Line Conference 2016 (CSOC2016), Vol 1, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Commodity Markets.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Did This Bioluminescent Bug Get Its Glow? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. FAA Registry Systems: Key Steps Need to Be Performed Before Modernization Proceeds (No. IMTEC-91-29). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mantilla, A.N., 2012. The differences in the educational experiences and caregiver involvement in education between youth in foster care and those in care of their biological parents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2014. Old Story in Politics Resonates in New Era. New York Times A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeMello, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (DeMello, 2006, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Price and Howitt, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Pacaud et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Commodity Markets
AbbreviationJ. Commod. Mark.
ISSN (print)2405-8513
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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