How to format your references using the Journal of Commodity Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Commodity Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krimsky, S., 2011. Beware of gifts that come at too great a cost. Nature 474, 129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field, C.B., Barros, V.R., 2015. CLIMATE CHANGE. Added value from IPCC approval sessions. Science 350, 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bell, E., Rowen, L., Hood, L., 2000. Publication rights for sequence data producers. Science 290, 1696b–8b.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Soon, F.-F., Ng, L.-M., Zhou, X.E., West, G.M., Kovach, A., Tan, M.H.E., Suino-Powell, K.M., He, Y., Xu, Y., Chalmers, M.J., Brunzelle, J.S., Zhang, H., Yang, H., Jiang, H., Li, J., Yong, E.-L., Cutler, S., Zhu, J.-K., Griffin, P.R., Melcher, K., Xu, H.E., 2012. Molecular mimicry regulates ABA signaling by SnRK2 kinases and PP2C phosphatases. Science 335, 85–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mihajlovic-Madzarevic, V., 2010. Clinical Trials Audit Preparation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chakrabarti, A. (Ed.), 2015. ICoRD’15 – Research into Design Across Boundaries Volume 2: Creativity, Sustainability, DfX, Enabling Technologies, Management and Applications, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Gu, P., 2014. EFL Teacher Learning in the Chinese Sociocultural Context, in: Coniam, D. (Ed.), English Language Education and Assessment: Recent Developments in Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland. Springer, Singapore, pp. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Commodity Markets.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Man Has Night Vision Injected Into His Eyeballs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Progress Has Been Made, but Improvements Are Needed to Effectively Manage Risks (No. GAO-08-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, S.R., 2009. Freshman transition programs: Effect on ninth grade student preparedness (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Roosevelt District on Mend With Acting Schools Chief. New York Times LI13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krimsky, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Field and Barros, 2015; Krimsky, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field and Barros, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Soon et al., 2012)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Commodity Markets
AbbreviationJ. Commod. Mark.
ISSN (print)2405-8513
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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