How to format your references using the Journal of Commodity Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Commodity Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richards, P.G., 2005. Obituary: Keiiti Aki (1930-2005). Nature 435, 1176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunnschweiler, C.N., Bulte, E.H., 2008. Economics. Linking natural resources to slow growth and more conflict. Science 320, 616–617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiger, A.A., White-Cooper, H., Fuller, M.T., 2000. Somatic support cells restrict germline stem cell self-renewal and promote differentiation. Nature 407, 750–754.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, F.S., Zheng, J.X., Huang, M.J., He, L.P., Ao, W.Q., Pan, F., Li, J.Q., 2014. Enhanced thermoelectric performance of Cu2CdSnSe4 by Mn doping: experimental and first principles studies. Sci. Rep. 4, 5774.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, S., 2011. Cost-Contained Regulatory Compliance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ruttkay, Z., Kipp, M., Nijholt, A., Vilhjálmsson, H.H. (Eds.), 2009. Intelligent Virtual Agents: 9th International Conference, IVA 2009 Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 14-16, 2009 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, J.R., Adams, C.G., Weston, P.A., Schenker, J.H., 2015. Interpreting Catch in a Single Trap, in: Adams, C.G., Weston, P.A., Schenker, J.H. (Eds.), Trapping of Small Organisms Moving Randomly: Principles and Applications to Pest Monitoring and Management, SpringerBriefs in Ecology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Commodity Markets.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Space Alters Whiskey [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Alaskan Offshore Shipping: Changing Federal Regulation and Service (No. RCED-88-114BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weber, T.R., 2010. Tailored charged particle beams from single-component plasmas (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Once a Prodigy, Now Stronger for Her Struggles. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richards, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Brunnschweiler and Bulte, 2008; Richards, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunnschweiler and Bulte, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Commodity Markets
AbbreviationJ. Commod. Mark.
ISSN (print)2405-8513
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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