How to format your references using the Journal of Commodity Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Commodity Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L., 2014. Liver cancer. Nature 516, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Link, C.D., Saldi, T.K., 2012. Development. Cell death by glutamine repeats? Science 335, 926–927.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhong, Y., Zhang, L., Su, D., 2000. Collaborations tailored for bioinformatics projects. Science 290, 2074a.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Siok, W.T., Perfetti, C.A., Jin, Z., Tan, L.H., 2004. Biological abnormality of impaired reading is constrained by culture. Nature 431, 71–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pai MD FACC FRCP Edin, R.G., Varadarajan MD FACC, P., 2014. Echocardiography Board Review. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Alves, R.R.N., Rosa, I.L. (Eds.), 2013. Animals in Traditional Folk Medicine: Implications for Conservation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Castellsagué, X., Bruni, L., Alemany, L., Diaz, M., de Sanjosé, S., Bosch, F.X., 2012. The Epidemiology of Cervical Cancer, in: Borruto, F., De Ridder, M. (Eds.), HPV and Cervical Cancer: Achievements in Prevention and Future Prospects. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Commodity Markets.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. The Video Of Tigers Chasing A Drone Really Isn’t As Cool As You Think [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Evaluating the Department of Education’s Field Readers: Were They Qualified? (No. 125830). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powers, D.L., 2010. Teachers’ perceptions of the effects of No Child Left Behind on classroom instruction: A cross case analysis applying Dewey’s theory of instructional methods (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Creswell, J., Gustines, G.G., 2014. A High-End Tussle. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gravitz, 2014; Link and Saldi, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Link and Saldi, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Siok et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Commodity Markets
AbbreviationJ. Commod. Mark.
ISSN (print)2405-8513
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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