How to format your references using the Journal of Commodity Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Commodity Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macrakis, K., 2009. Science and the Stasi. Nature 461, 594–595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulz, C., Rehling, P., 2014. Cell biology. Powering the cell cycle. Science 346, 1059–1060.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggs, F., Mangun, G.R., Usrey, W.M., 2013. Attention enhances synaptic efficacy and the signal-to-noise ratio in neural circuits. Nature 499, 476–480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bussey, D.B.J., Fristad, K.E., Schenk, P.M., Robinson, M.S., Spudis, P.D., 2005. Planetary science: constant illumination at the lunar north pole. Nature 434, 842.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharon, Madhuri, Sharon, Maheshwar, 2015. Graphene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Frishman, D., Valencia, A. (Eds.), 2008. Modern Genome Annotation: The BioSapiens Network. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Steiger, M., Charola, A.E., Sterflinger, K., 2011. Weathering and Deterioration, in: Siegesmund, S., Snethlage, R. (Eds.), Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 227–316.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Commodity Markets.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. This Tiny Camera Could Take Real Time Images From Inside Your Arteries [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Close Air Support: Principal Issues and Aircraft Choices (No. B-173850). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vatankhah, I., 2017. Purification of Industrial Grade Urea for diesel exhaust pollution reduction (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S.R., 2015. Mr. Trump, Korea’s Border Is Huge! New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macrakis, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Macrakis, 2009; Schulz and Rehling, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulz and Rehling, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bussey et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Commodity Markets
AbbreviationJ. Commod. Mark.
ISSN (print)2405-8513
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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