How to format your references using the Journal of Commodity Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Commodity Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Niemeyer, C.M., 2002. Nanotechnology. Tools for the biomolecular engineer. Science 297, 62–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shinbrot, T., Muzzio, F.J., 2001. Noise to order. Nature 410, 251–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannoni, S., Temperton, B., Zhao, Y., 2013. Giovannoni et al. reply. Nature 499, E4-5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, X., Ma, R., Zhou, H., Zhou, X., Che, L., Yao, S., Wang, Z., 2013. Activating the microscale edge effect in a hierarchical surface for frosting suppression and defrosting promotion. Sci. Rep. 3, 2515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin, D., Birkett, J., Facey, O., Rabey, G., 2013. The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bonham-Carter, G., Cheng, Q. (Eds.), 2008. Progress in Geomathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Y., Hong, J., Liu, W., Godo, L., Sierra, C., Loughlin, M., 2013. Incorporating PGMs into a BDI Architecture, in: Boella, G., Elkind, E., Savarimuthu, B.T.R., Dignum, F., Purvis, M.K. (Eds.), PRIMA 2013: Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems: 16th International Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand, December 1-6, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 54–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Commodity Markets.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Computers May Be Evolving But Are They Intelligent? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Basis for Approval of Federal Impact Aid Funds for Adelanto School District, California (No. B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, A.S., 2017. Bread and Washoku: Unveiling Japanese Identity Through the Necessity of Bread Baking (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kaminer, M., 2017. Israeli Street Food in an English Kitchen. New York Times TR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Niemeyer, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Niemeyer, 2002; Shinbrot and Muzzio, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shinbrot and Muzzio, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Commodity Markets
AbbreviationJ. Commod. Mark.
ISSN (print)2405-8513
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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