How to format your references using the Journal of Commodity Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Commodity Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eichenbaum, H., 2010. Neuroscience. Dedicated to memory? Science 330, 1331–1332.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilberg, M.J., Miller, T.J., 2007. Comment on “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.” Science 316, 1285; author reply 1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lorenz, K., Lohse, M.J., Quitterer, U., 2003. Protein kinase C switches the Raf kinase inhibitor from Raf-1 to GRK-2. Nature 426, 574–579.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guzman, J.R., Koo, J.S., Goldsmith, J.R., Mühlbauer, M., Narula, A., Jobin, C., 2013. Oxymatrine prevents NF-κB nuclear translocation and ameliorates acute intestinal inflammation. Sci. Rep. 3, 1629.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, D., Norris, M., 2004. Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tonchia, S., 2010. Performance Measurement: Linking Balanced Scorecard to Business Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Evans, R., Cleghorn, A., 2012. Language, Pedagogy And Politics Intersect In The Classroom, in: Cleghorn, A. (Ed.), Complex Classroom Encounters: A South African Perspective. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Commodity Markets.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. CT Scan Reveals Hernia In Korean Mummy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Implementation Challenges (No. GAO-12-1011T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hofmann, T.B., 2008. Adductor and abductor spasmodic dysphonia: A comparison of quality of life issues for those receiving Botox treatment (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. Old Board, Hub’s Heart, Goes Out of Service. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eichenbaum, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Eichenbaum, 2010; Wilberg and Miller, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilberg and Miller, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Guzman et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Commodity Markets
AbbreviationJ. Commod. Mark.
ISSN (print)2405-8513
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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