How to format your references using the Journal of Commodity Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Commodity Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Artaxo, P., 2012. Break down boundaries in climate research. Nature 481, 239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ordureau, A., Harper, J.W., 2014. Cell biology: balancing act. Nature 510, 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, L., Garbe, D.S., Bashaw, G.J., 2009. A frazzled/DCC-dependent transcriptional switch regulates midline axon guidance. Science 324, 944–947.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gomez, T.M., Robles, E., Poo, M., Spitzer, N.C., 2001. Filopodial calcium transients promote substrate-dependent growth cone turning. Science 291, 1983–1987.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lachin, J.M., 2010. Biostatistical Methods: The Assessment of Relative Risks, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Martínez-Martín, E., 2012. Robust Motion Detection in Real-Life Scenarios, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Heraty, J.M., Polaszek, A., Schauff, M.E., 2008. Systematics and Biology of Encarsia, in: Gould, J., Hoelmer, K., Goolsby, J. (Eds.), Classical Biological Control of Bemisia Tabaci in the United States - A Review of Interagency Research and Implementation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Commodity Markets.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Iceland Is Drilling Four Kilometers Into A Volcano To Produce Clean Energy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges 10 Years after the Maritime Transportation Security Act (No. GAO-12-1009T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frias-Martinez, V., 2008. Behavior-based admission and access control for network security (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. Teachers Adding an H (for Hygiene) to the 3 R’s. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Artaxo, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Artaxo, 2012; Ordureau and Harper, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ordureau and Harper, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gomez et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Commodity Markets
AbbreviationJ. Commod. Mark.
ISSN (print)2405-8513
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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