How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renne, P. R. (2002). Geology. Flood basalts--bigger and badder. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1812–1813.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richerson, P. J., & Boyd, R. (2008). Migration: an engine for social change. Nature, 456(7224), 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby, J. G., Jan, C. H., & Bartel, D. P. (2007). Intronic microRNA precursors that bypass Drosha processing. Nature, 448(7149), 83–86.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Garcia-Barros, M., Paris, F., Cordon-Cardo, C., Lyden, D., Rafii, S., Haimovitz-Friedman, A., Fuks, Z., & Kolesnick, R. (2003). Tumor response to radiotherapy regulated by endothelial cell apoptosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5622), 1155–1159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, R. C. (2010). The Hedge Fund Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bove, A., Colombini, F., & Santo, D. D. (Eds.). (2007). Phase Space Analysis of Partial Differential Equations (Vol. 69). Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Fischer, V., & Ruzhansky, M. (2016). Quantization on graded Lie groups. In M. Ruzhansky (Ed.), Quantization on Nilpotent Lie Groups (pp. 271–426). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Foods.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 30). IVF Has Little Effect On Health Of The Child. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Loan Monitoring System: SBA Needs to Evaluate Use of Software (GAO-02-188). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkow, K. (2017). Importance of Effective Leadership for the Success of Mergers and Acquisitions [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, August 1). Commissioner Plays Down Back-and-Forth on Concussions in a Jets Forum. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Renne, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Renne, 2002; Richerson & Boyd, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richerson & Boyd, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Ruby et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Garcia-Barros et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Foods
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Foods
ISSN (print)1756-4646
ScopeFood Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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