How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamaguchi, A. (2001). Sex differences in vocal learning in birds. Nature, 411(6835), 257–258.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nelson, E. C., & Braun, P. V. (2007). Chemistry. Enhancing colloids through the surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5852), 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellweger, F. L., van Sebille, E., & Fredrick, N. D. (2014). Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral agent-based model. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1346–1349.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bienvenu, F., Jirawatnotai, S., Elias, J. E., Meyer, C. A., Mizeracka, K., Marson, A., … Sicinski, P. (2010). Transcriptional role of cyclin D1 in development revealed by a genetic-proteomic screen. Nature, 463(7279), 374–378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D. (2008). The JCT Intermediate Building Contracts 2005. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.
An edited book
Klein, S. L., & Roberts, C. W. (Eds.). (2015). Sex and Gender Differences in Infection and Treatments for Infectious Diseases (1st ed. 2015). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kulipanova, G. N., Ancharov, A. I., Antokhin, E. I., Baryshev, V. B., Goldberg, E. L., Goldenberg, B. G., … Zolotarev, K. V. (2007). STATUS AND HIGHLIGHTS OF SIBERIAN SYNCHROTRON AND TERAHERTZ RADIATION CENTER. In V. Tsakanov & H. Wiedemann (Eds.), Brilliant Light in Life and Material Sciences (pp. 57–68). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Foods.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 9). Gecko-Inspired Climbing Paddles Allow A Man To Climb A Glass Wall. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Obtaining Care for Chronically Ill Children in the Home Based Setting (No. T-HRD-88-17). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmittel, M. (2013). The Children First Foundation Parenting Education Program: A Study on the Effectiveness of a Divorce Parenting Education Program (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weil, E. (2015, July 23). A Hole in the Heart. New York Times, p. MM42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackay, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chen, 2006; Ho, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nelson & Braun, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Hellweger, van Sebille, & Fredrick, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zurbuchen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Foods
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Foods
ISSN (print)1756-4646
ScopeFood Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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