How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evan, G. (2012). Cancer. Taking a back door to target Myc. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6066), 293–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ren, B.-C., & Deng, F.-G. (2014). Hyper-parallel photonic quantum computation with coupled quantum dots. Scientific Reports, 4, 4623.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tschöp, M., Smiley, D. L., & Heiman, M. L. (2000). Ghrelin induces adiposity in rodents. Nature, 407(6806), 908–913.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dyer, A. G., Whitney, H. M., Arnold, S. E. J., Glover, B. J., & Chittka, L. (2006). Behavioural ecology: bees associate warmth with floral colour. Nature, 442(7102), 525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lau, J. Y. F. (2011). An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lukowicz, P., Thiele, L., & Tröster, G. (Eds.). (2007). Architecture of Computing Systems - ARCS 2007: 20th International Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, March 12-15, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4415). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pettit, P. (2014). Three Issues in Social Ontology. In J. Zahle & F. Collin (Eds.), Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate: Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science (pp. 77–96). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Foods.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 17). Madagascar’s ‘Swamp Lemurs’ Have Been Documented For The First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA Aeronautics: Efforts to Preserve U.S. Leadership in the Aeronautics Industry Are Limited (T-NSIAD-92-14). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santella Steen, S. (2017). The Potential of Television Programming as a Resource to Facilitate Academic Progress for Students who have a Specific Learning Disability in Reading [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins, A. (2017, June 21). Putin-Era Taboo: Dissecting Roots of Nazi Sympathy. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evan, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Evan, 2012; Ren & Deng, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ren & Deng, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Tschöp et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dyer et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Foods
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Foods
ISSN (print)1756-4646
ScopeFood Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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