How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Austin, J. (2005). The class of 2005. United States: two scientists and a baby. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5747), 518–519.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kruglyak, L., & Stern, D. L. (2007). Evolution. An embarrassment of switches. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 758–759.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sellman, B. R., Mourez, M., & Collier, R. J. (2001). Dominant-negative mutants of a toxin subunit: an approach to therapy of anthrax. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5517), 695–697.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kunkes, E. L., Simonetti, D. A., West, R. M., Serrano-Ruiz, J. C., Gärtner, C. A., & Dumesic, J. A. (2008). Catalytic conversion of biomass to monofunctional hydrocarbons and targeted liquid-fuel classes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5900), 417–421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society. (2009). Progress in Nanotechnology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Moyal, A. (2013). Phonetic Search Methods for Large Speech Databases. (V. Aharonson, E. Tetariy, & M. Gishri, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Britt, S. L., Halley, R. E., & Durband, D. B. (2012). Training and Development of Financial Education Program Staff. In D. B. Durband & S. L. Britt (Eds.), Student Financial Literacy: Campus-Based Program Development (pp. 37–55). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Foods.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 22). Couple Found Holding Hands For 700 Years. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Proposal for Replacement of Indian Health Service Hospital (No. HRD-78-124). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janpengpen, A. (2010). Monitoring and forecasting biosolids odors at prior lime and post lime addition in wastewater treatment plants (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher, S. (2016, March 10). From Pinup to Muse. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Austin, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Austin, 2005; Kruglyak & Stern, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kruglyak & Stern, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Sellman, Mourez, & Collier, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kunkes et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Foods
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Foods
ISSN (print)1756-4646
ScopeFood Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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