How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sekercioglu, C. H. (2011). Ecology. Functional extinctions of bird pollinators cause plant declines. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6020), 1019–1020.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Doorn, G. S., & Kirkpatrick, M. (2007). Turnover of sex chromosomes induced by sexual conflict. Nature, 449(7164), 909–912.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christodoulides, D. N., Lederer, F., & Silberberg, Y. (2003). Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices. Nature, 424(6950), 817–823.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hove, J. R., Köster, R. W., Forouhar, A. S., Acevedo-Bolton, G., Fraser, S. E., & Gharib, M. (2003). Intracardiac fluid forces are an essential epigenetic factor for embryonic cardiogenesis. Nature, 421(6919), 172–177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casadella, V., Liu, Z., & Uzunidis, D. (2015). Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Madhavan, G., Oakley, B., & Kun, L. (Eds.). (2008). Career Development in Bioengineering and Biotechnology: Roads Well Laid and Paths Less Traveled. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Murphy, G. M., & Ralph, N. (2016). Photoprotection, Photoimmunology and Autoimmune Diseases. In S. Q. Wang & H. W. Lim (Eds.), Principles and Practice of Photoprotection (pp. 75–93). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Foods.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 4). How “SuperAger” Brains Are Different Than Everyone Else’s. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Taxpayer Information: Data Sharing and Analysis May Enhance Tax Compliance and Improve Immigration Eligibility Decisions (GAO-04-972T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jaffer, S. (2013). Harnessing innovation in the 21st century: the impact of leadership styles [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, November 14). A Historical Nightmare of Racism, Hypnotically Retold. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sekercioglu, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Sekercioglu, 2011; van Doorn & Kirkpatrick, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Doorn & Kirkpatrick, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Christodoulides et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hove et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Foods
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Foods
ISSN (print)1756-4646
ScopeFood Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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