How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman, K. C. (2006). Astronomy. Sorting out the colors of globular clusters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5764), 1105–1106.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bodner, S., & Paine, C. (2000). When peer review fails. Nature, 407(6801), 129–130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, M., Atkinson, K. R., & Baughman, R. H. (2004). Multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns by downsizing an ancient technology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1358–1361.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pennington, D. J., Silva-Santos, B., Silberzahn, T., Escórcio-Correia, M., Woodward, M. J., Roberts, S. J., Smith, A. L., Dyson, P. J., & Hayday, A. C. (2006). Early events in the thymus affect the balance of effector and regulatory T cells. Nature, 444(7122), 1073–1077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gleeson, K. (2008). The Personal Efficiency Program. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aboh, E. O., & Essegbey, J. (Eds.). (2010). Topics in Kwa Syntax (Vol. 78). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bray, G. A. (2008). Treatment of the Metabolic Syndrome with Weight Loss, Exercise, Hormones, and Surgery. In B. C. Hansen & G. A. Bray (Eds.), The Metabolic Syndrome: Epidemiology Clinical Treatment and Underlying Mechanisms (pp. 57–73). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Foods.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, November 21). What Color Are These Shoes? New Argument Engulfs The Internet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Coast Guard Postgraduate Education Program (No. 092393). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flamenco, E. (2015). A financial abuse prevention program for older adults: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, May 5). Family of Seau Decides To Give Brain for Study. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Freeman, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bodner & Paine, 2000; Freeman, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bodner & Paine, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pennington et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Foods
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Foods
ISSN (print)1756-4646
ScopeFood Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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