How to format your references using the Archives of Sexual Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Sexual Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissman, J. (2009). Journal club. A biochemist looks at how DNA sequencing can reveal more than just sequences. Nature, 461(7268), 1177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dessler, A. E., & Sherwood, S. C. (2009). Atmospheric science. A matter of humidity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5917), 1020–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis, S. J., Caldeira, K., & Matthews, H. D. (2010). Future CO2 emissions and climate change from existing energy infrastructure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5997), 1330–1333.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, H., Liu, C.-X., Gazibegovic, S., Xu, D., Logan, J. A., Wang, G., et al. (2018). Quantized Majorana conductance. Nature, 556(7699), 74–79.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W. (2014). GAAP for Governments 2014. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bruckstein, A. M., Haar Romeny, B. M. T., Bronstein, A. M., & Bronstein, M. M. (Eds.). (2012). Scale Space and Variational Methods in Computer Vision: Third International Conference, SSVM 2011, Ein-Gedi, Israel, May 29 – June 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 6667). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sarma, K. V., Ramasubramanian, K., Srinivas, M. D., & Sriram, M. S. (2008). Eclipse. In K. Ramasubramanian, M. D. Srinivas, & M. S. Sriram (Eds.), Gaṇita-Yukti-Bhāṣā (Rationales in Mathematical Astronomy) of Jyeṣṭhadeva: Volume II - Astronomy (pp. 593–602). Gurgaon: Hindustan Book Agency.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 23). Laser Pulse Imaged Through Bottle At 1 Trillion Frames Per Second. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). GSA: Federal Communications Commission Planned Move to the Portals II Building (No. GGD-98-65R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, O. (2014). Gender and Crew Resource Management: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, March 25). List of Weak Schools Claims 2, Removes One. New York Times, p. 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weissman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dessler and Sherwood 2009; Weissman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dessler and Sherwood 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Sexual Behavior
AbbreviationArch. Sex. Behav.
ISSN (print)0004-0002
ISSN (online)1573-2800
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

Other styles