How to format your references using the Archives of Sexual Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Sexual Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchen, L. (2009). Snapshot: The guts of a dying star. Nature, 460(7256), 671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sliwkowski, M. X., & Mellman, I. (2013). Antibody therapeutics in cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6151), 1192–1198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rafkin, S. C. R., Sta Maria, M. R. V., & Michaels, T. I. (2002). Simulation of the atmospheric thermal circulation of a martian volcano using a mesoscale numerical model. Nature, 419(6908), 697–699.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lippman, A., Newman, S. A., Testa, G., & Harris, J. (2005). The Ethics of Deriving Gametes from ES Cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5709), 515c–517c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov, V. O. (2016). Trustworthy Cloud Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yang, S. C.-M., Deng, D.-M., & Lin, H. (Eds.). (2016). Structural Analysis of Non-Classical Logics: The Proceedings of the Second Taiwan Philosophical Logic Colloquium (1st ed. 2016.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arita, S. (2014). Educational Expansion and Labor Market Entry of New Graduates in Korea and Japan. In H. Park & K.-K. Kim (Eds.), Korean Education in Changing Economic and Demographic Contexts (pp. 77–93). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 10). Astronomers Spot Black Hole So big, It Defies Current Theories Of Galaxy Evolution. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Institutional Aid Under Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (No. 127541). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez Gamez, L. I. (2012). New perspectives on the spatial analysis of urban employment distribution and commuting patterns: The cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, May 31). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Undeclared Candidate; Perot Carries His Message To Arkansas. New York Times, p. 120.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchen 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Buchen 2009; Sliwkowski and Mellman 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sliwkowski and Mellman 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lippman et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Sexual Behavior
AbbreviationArch. Sex. Behav.
ISSN (print)0004-0002
ISSN (online)1573-2800
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

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