How to format your references using the Archives of Sexual Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Sexual Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Radom, L. (2004). Obituary: John A. Pople (1925-2004). Nature, 428(6985), 816.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greig, D., & Travisano, M. (2003). Evolution. Haploid superiority. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5606), 524–525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoeppner, D. J., Hengartner, M. O., & Schnabel, R. (2001). Engulfment genes cooperate with ced-3 to promote cell death in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 412(6843), 202–206.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lopez-Vaamonde, C., Koning, J. W., Brown, R. M., Jordan, W. C., & Bourke, A. F. G. (2004). Social parasitism by male-producing reproductive workers in a eusocial insect. Nature, 430(6999), 557–560.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed, J., & Hakonen, H. (2017). Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dezawa, A., Chen, P.-Q., & Chung, J.-Y. (Eds.). (2005). State of the Art for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Tokyo: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Hern, D. M., & Nozaki, Y. (2014). Kenyan Education. In Y. Nozaki (Ed.), Natural Science Education, Indigenous Knowledge, and Sustainable Development in Rural and Urban Schools in Kenya: Toward Critical Postcolonial Curriculum Policies and Practices (pp. 47–62). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 4). What We Learned At Behavior 2015. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Geostationary Weather Satellites: Progress Made, but Weaknesses in Scheduling, Contingency Planning, and Communicating with Users Need to Be Addressed (No. GAO-13-597). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bell, K. D. (2010). Fatherhood connected: A curriculum development project for adolescent fathers in the juvenile justice system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Maidenberg, M., Rappeport, A., & Gladstone, R. (2017, June 22). Gulf Airline Seeks Stake, Unsolicited, In American. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Radom 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Greig and Travisano 2003; Radom 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greig and Travisano 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lopez-Vaamonde et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Sexual Behavior
AbbreviationArch. Sex. Behav.
ISSN (print)0004-0002
ISSN (online)1573-2800
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

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