How to format your references using the Archives of Sexual Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Sexual Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2000). 2001 BUDGET: Spending Bills Show No Sign of Surplus--Yet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5476), 31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kokko, H., & López-Sepulcre, A. (2006). From individual dispersal to species ranges: perspectives for a changing world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5788), 789–791.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacDonald, M. P., Spalding, G. C., & Dholakia, K. (2003). Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice. Nature, 426(6965), 421–424.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bais, H. P., Vepachedu, R., Gilroy, S., Callaway, R. M., & Vivanco, J. M. (2003). Allelopathy and exotic plant invasion: from molecules and genes to species interactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5638), 1377–1380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niven, P. R. (2014). Balanced Scorecard Evolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Arya, K. (2016). Windows Group Policy Troubleshooting: A Best Practice Guide for Managing Users and PCs Through Group Policy. (A. Bettany, Ed.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Jaff, L., Hayes, A., & Banic, A. U. (2013). VWSocialLab: Prototype Virtual World (VW) Toolkit for Social and Behavioral Science Experimental Set-Up and Control. In R. Shumaker (Ed.), Virtual Augmented and Mixed Reality. Designing and Developing Augmented and Virtual Environments: 5th International Conference, VAMR 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 39–48). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 23). Visualization Of Recent Asteroid Impacts With Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Increasing Costs, Competition May Hinder U.S. Position of Leadership in High Energy Physics (No. EMD-80-58). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasbini, M. A. (2017). The Great Recession of 2007 and the Housing Market Crash: Why Did So Many Builders Fail? Lessons for the Local Homebuilding Industry (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, July 20). The Gift Is a Subway Station, But Some Look It in the Mouth. New York Times, p. 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kokko and López-Sepulcre 2006; Mervis 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kokko and López-Sepulcre 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Bais et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Sexual Behavior
AbbreviationArch. Sex. Behav.
ISSN (print)0004-0002
ISSN (online)1573-2800
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

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