How to format your references using the Archives of Sexual Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Sexual Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghigo, J. M. (2001). Natural conjugative plasmids induce bacterial biofilm development. Nature, 412(6845), 442–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marler, J. R., & Goldstein, L. B. (2003). Medicine. Stroke--tPA and the clinic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5640), 1677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, B. M., Finn, K. J., & Li, J. J. (2010). Loss of DNA replication control is a potent inducer of gene amplification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 943–946.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cerina, F., Chessa, A., Pammolli, F., & Riccaboni, M. (2014). Network communities within and across borders. Scientific reports, 4, 4546.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, W. B. (2010). Modern Grinding Techniques. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Andersson, K.-E., & Michel, M. C. (Eds.). (2011). Urinary Tract (Vol. 2011). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jain, P., Pandey, R., & Shukla, S. S. (2015). Experimental Models for Inflammation. In R. Pandey & S. S. Shukla (Eds.), Inflammation: Natural Resources and Its Applications (pp. 135–141). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 29). New Species of Cat Discovered in South America. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Degradable Plastics: Standards, Research and Development (No. RCED-88-208). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arnold, D. M. (2017). An Examination of Job Satisfaction Among Full-Time Faculty in a Selected Mississippi Community College (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kirk, S. (1942, February 10). Aid for Greece Sought. New York Times, p. BOOKS18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ghigo 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ghigo 2001; Marler and Goldstein 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marler and Goldstein 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Cerina et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Sexual Behavior
AbbreviationArch. Sex. Behav.
ISSN (print)0004-0002
ISSN (online)1573-2800
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

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