How to format your references using the Archives of Sexual Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Sexual Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, H. (2014). China must continue the momentum of green law. Nature, 509(7502), 535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burrows, M., & Sutton, G. (2013). Interacting gears synchronize propulsive leg movements in a jumping insect. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6151), 1254–1256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S., Vohs, J. M., & Gorte, R. J. (2000). Direct oxidation of hydrocarbons in a solid-oxide fuel cell. Nature, 404(6775), 265–267.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Garb, J. E., Dimauro, T., Vo, V., & Hayashi, C. Y. (2006). Silk genes support the single origin of orb webs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stefanoiu, D., Borne, P., Popescu, D., Filip, F. G., & El Kamel, A. (2014). Optimization in Engineering Sciences: Approximate and Metaheuristic Methods. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Koyamada, K., Tamura, S., & Ono, O. (Eds.). (2007). Systems Modeling and Simulation: Theory and Applications, Asia Simulation Conference 2006. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Caelli, W., Liu, V., & Longley, D. (2013). Background to the Development of a Curriculum for the History of “Cyber” and “Communications” Security. In R. C. Dodge & L. Futcher (Eds.), Information Assurance and Security Education and Training: 8th IFIP WG 11.8 World Conference on Information Security Education, WISE 8, Auckland, New Zealand, July 8-10, 2013, Proceedings, WISE 7, Lucerne Switzerland, June 9-10, 2011, and WISE 6, Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brazil, July 27-31, 2009, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 39–47). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 13). Single Gene Variant Makes Male Worms More Attractive To Other Males. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Patrol Frigate (No. 092648). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz, J. A. (2014). New graduate nurses’ experiences of what accounts for their lack of professional confidence during their first year of practice (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, April 26). For Many, Thrift Shops Are a Wardrobe Essential. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yang 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows and Sutton 2013; Yang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burrows and Sutton 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Garb et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Sexual Behavior
AbbreviationArch. Sex. Behav.
ISSN (print)0004-0002
ISSN (online)1573-2800
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

Other styles