How to format your references using the Genealogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genealogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macneil, J.S. ECOLOGY: Forest Fire Plan Kindles Debate. Science 2000, 289, 1448b–9b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donia, M.S.; Fischbach, M.A. HUMAN MICROBIOTA. Small molecules from the human microbiota. Science 2015, 349, 1254766.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bida, T.A.; Killen, R.M.; Morgan, T.H. Discovery of calcium in Mercury’s atmosphere. Nature 2000, 404, 159–161.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ivanova, N.; Dobrin, R.; Lu, R.; Kotenko, I.; Levorse, J.; DeCoste, C.; Schafer, X.; Lun, Y.; Lemischka, I.R. Dissecting self-renewal in stem cells with RNA interference. Nature 2006, 442, 533–538.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, A. Small Animal Pathology for Veterinary Technicians; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781119421443.
An edited book
Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis: Israel Seminar 2006–2010; Klartag, B., Mendelson, S., Milman, V.D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Mathematics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 2050; ISBN 9783642298486.
A chapter in an edited book
Bagirov, A.M.; Mohebi, E. Nonsmooth Optimization Based Algorithms in Cluster Analysis. In Partitional Clustering Algorithms; Celebi, M.E., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 99–146 ISBN 9783319092584.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genealogy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Dozens Of Scientific Papers Withdrawn After Peer-Review Fraud Uncovered Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office School Meal Programs: Improved Reviews, Federal Guidance, and Data Collection Needed to Address Counting and Claiming Errors; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, K.M. Meanings of “design” in instructional technology: A conceptual analysis based on the field’s foundational literature. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University: Bloomington, IN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fisher, L. QUOTATION OF THE DAY. New York Times 2008, A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenealogy
ISSN (online)2313-5778

Other styles