How to format your references using the Genealogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genealogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markov, I.L. Limits on Fundamental Limits to Computation. Nature 2014, 512, 147–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campins, H.; Comfort, C.M. Solar System: Evaporating Asteroid. Nature 2014, 505, 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poulsen, C.J.; Tabor, C.; White, J.D. CLIMATE CHANGE. Long-Term Climate Forcing by Atmospheric Oxygen Concentrations. Science 2015, 348, 1238–1241.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pal, C.; Maciá, M.D.; Oliver, A.; Schachar, I.; Buckling, A. Coevolution with Viruses Drives the Evolution of Bacterial Mutation Rates. Nature 2007, 450, 1079–1081.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iyengar, S.S.; Parameshwaran, N.; Phoha, V.V.; Balakrishnan, N.; Okoye, C.D. Fundamentals of Sensor Network Programming; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9780470890158.
An edited book
Hui, P. Atlas of Intraoperative Frozen Section Diagnosis in Gynecologic Pathology; Buza, N., Ed.; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319218069.
A chapter in an edited book
Spalding, M. Detecting and Monitoring Coral Bleaching Events. In Coral Bleaching: Patterns, Processes, Causes and Consequences; Oppen, M.J.H. van, Lough, J.M., Eds.; Ecological Studies; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 69–82 ISBN 9783540697749.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genealogy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Telescope Detects Oldest And Most Distant Known Galaxy Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telephone Communications: Bell Operating Company Entry Into New Lines of Business; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1986;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov, D. The Discrete Dirac Operator and the Discrete Generalized Weierstrass Representation in Pseudo-Euclidean Spaces. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University: New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEVEN LEE MYERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting for this article Russian Court Delays Ruling In Fraud Trial Of Oil Tycoon. New York Times 2005, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenealogy
ISSN (online)2313-5778

Other styles