How to format your references using the Genealogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genealogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, O. Development. Nota Bene: A SAC of Crumbs and Stardust. Science 2001, 294, 2498.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, J.; Broecker, W.S. Comment on “Deep-Sea Temperature and Ice Volume Changes across the Pliocene-Pleistocene Climate Transitions.” Science 2010, 328, 1480; author reply 1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mendoza, M.; Succi, S.; Herrmann, H.J. Flow through Randomly Curved Manifolds. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3106.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garcia-Mira, M.M.; Sadqi, M.; Fischer, N.; Sanchez-Ruiz, J.M.; Muñoz, V. Experimental Identification of Downhill Protein Folding. Science 2002, 298, 2191–2195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society Progress in Nanotechnology; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009; ISBN 9780470588246.
An edited book
The Philosophy of Information Quality; Floridi, L., Illari, P., Eds.; Synthese Library, Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 358; ISBN 9783319071206.
A chapter in an edited book
Mubarok, I.; Lee, K.; Lee, S.; Lee, H. Lightweight Resource Management for DDoS Traffic Isolation in a Cloud Environment. In ICT Systems Security and Privacy Protection: 29th IFIP TC 11 International Conference, SEC 2014, Marrakech, Morocco, June 2-4, 2014. Proceedings; Cuppens-Boulahia, N., Cuppens, F., Jajodia, S., Abou El Kalam, A., Sans, T., Eds.; IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 44–51 ISBN 9783642554148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genealogy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Why We Mustn’t Assume Smoking And Drinking Only Leads To Certain Cancers (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Chief Information Officers: Responsibilities and Information Technology Governance at Leading Private-Sector Companies; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walsh, P.L. Advancing Electroanalytical Methods for Monitoring Chemical Messenger Release. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina: Chapel Hill, NC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. Man Arrested in Strangling of a Jogger in Queens. New York Times 2017, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenealogy
ISSN (online)2313-5778

Other styles