How to format your references using the Genealogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genealogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, J. ECOLOGY: California Algae May Be Feared European Species. Science 2000, 289, 222b–3b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reches, Z.; Lockner, D.A. Fault Weakening and Earthquake Instability by Powder Lubrication. Nature 2010, 467, 452–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin-Lluesma, S.; Stucke, V.M.; Nigg, E.A. Role of Hec1 in Spindle Checkpoint Signaling and Kinetochore Recruitment of Mad1/Mad2. Science 2002, 297, 2267–2270.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brownell, R.L., Jr; Curry, B.E.; Bonn, W.V.; Ridgway, S.H.; Daszak, P.; Cunningham, A.A.; Hyatt, A.D. Conservation Conundrum. Science 2000, 288, 2319b–20b.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth, M. Pharmazeutische Mikrobiologie; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2012; ISBN 9783527655786.
An edited book
Advances in Safety Management and Human Factors: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors , July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA; Arezes, P., Ed.; Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 491; ISBN 9783319419282.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, B. Sino-US Strategic Convergence and Divergence in East Asia. In China’s Rise and Changing Order in East Asia; Arase, D., Ed.; Palgrave Macmillan US: New York, NY, 2016; pp. 63–88 ISBN 9781352000221.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genealogy.

Blog post
Davis, J. Global Sea Ice Is Now At The Lowest Extent It Has Ever Been (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Evaluation of NASA Comments on Consolidated Space Operations Center; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1982;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dennard, B. The Impact of Racial Centrality on Authenticity and the Race-Based Impression Management Strategies of Black Management Consultants. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. Where’s Chinatown? That’s a Touchy Subject. New York Times 2009, CY6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenealogy
ISSN (online)2313-5778

Other styles