How to format your references using the Genealogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genealogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oppenheim, J. Physics. For quantum information, two wrongs can make a right. Science 2008, 321, 1783–1784.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guy-Grand, D.; Vassalli, P. Immunology. Tracing an orphan’s genealogy. Science 2004, 305, 185–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, L.; Song, K.; Hase, W.L. A SN2 reaction that avoids its deep potential energy minimum. Science 2002, 296, 875–878.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Larkum, M.E.; Nevian, T.; Sandler, M.; Polsky, A.; Schiller, J. Synaptic integration in tuft dendrites of layer 5 pyramidal neurons: a new unifying principle. Science 2009, 325, 756–760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaltashov, I.A.; Eyles, S.J. Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471705178.
An edited book
Global and Asian Perspectives on International Migration; Battistella, G., Ed.; Global Migration Issues; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 4; ISBN 9783319083162.
A chapter in an edited book
Do, L.L.T.N.; Nguyen Do, L.L.T.; Axe, J.B.; McKnight, C.; Ball, C.R.; Hall, J.N.; Noggle, C.A.; Williams, S.A.S.; Waddell, T.; Odland, A.P.; et al. 2008 Education for All Handicapped Children Act. In Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development; Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2011; pp. 547–548 ISBN 9780387775791.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genealogy.

Blog post
Fang, J. Ants Self-Medicate To Ward Off Fungal Infections (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office ADP Modernization: IRS’ Redesign of Its Tax Administration System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cong, M. Predictive models of cytotoxicity as mediated by exposure to environmental toxicants and drugs. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. My Other Job, Crazy as It Is, Keeps Me Sane. New York Times 2009, BU2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenealogy
ISSN (online)2313-5778

Other styles