How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman, A. V. (2011). Hidden depths. Nature 474, 441–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lorenz, U. J., and Zewail, A. H. (2014). Nanofluidics. Observing liquid flow in nanotubes by 4D electron microscopy. Science 344, 1496–1500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Q. D., Gotthelf, E. V., and Lang, C. C. (2002). A faint discrete source origin for the highly ionized iron emission from the Galactic Centre region. Nature 415, 148–150.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rosales, T., Nie, Z., Kapoor, V., Casellas, R., Jr, Knutson, J. R., and Levens, D. (2013). Partition of Myc into immobile vs. mobile complexes within nuclei. Sci. Rep. 3, 1953.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Happer, W., Jau, Y.-Y., and Walker, T. (2010). Optically Pumped Atoms. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Brondízio, E. S., and Moran, E. F. eds. (2013). Human-Environment Interactions: Current and Future Directions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Meduna, A., and Zemek, P. (2014). “Chapter 4 Context-Based Grammatical Regulation,” in Regulated Grammars and Automata, ed. P. Zemek (New York, NY: Springer), 39–154.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). New Clones Of Dolly The Sheep Age No Differently Than Normal. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Financing College Facilities: Factors Limit Connie Lee’s Ability to Help More Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Puebla, R. A. (2014). The avant-garde tuba: Analysis and comparisons of interpretations of William Kraft’s Encounters II for unaccompanied tuba.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012). Pondering Curses at Chavez Ravine. New York Times, SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Newman, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lorenz and Zewail, 2014; Newman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lorenz and Zewail, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rosales et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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