How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blatter, G. (2000). Schrodinger’s cat is now fat. Nature 406, 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Groot, B. L., and Grubmüller, H. (2001). Water permeation across biological membranes: mechanism and dynamics of aquaporin-1 and GlpF. Science 294, 2353–2357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Del Bene, F., Tessmar-Raible, K., and Wittbrodt, J. (2004). Direct interaction of geminin and Six3 in eye development. Nature 427, 745–749.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, X., Ge, M., Zhang, Y., Wang, R., Xu, P., Wickert, J., et al. (2013). New approach for earthquake/tsunami monitoring using dense GPS networks. Sci. Rep. 3, 2682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McKean, J. (2014). Customer’s New Voice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ge, X., Ifenthaler, D., and Spector, J. M. eds. (2015). Emerging Technologies for STEAM Education: Full STEAM Ahead. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nag, P. K., Dutta, P., Chorsiya, V., and Nag, A. (2014). “GIS Visualization of Climate Change and Prediction of Human Responses,” in Computational Intelligence Techniques in Earth and Environmental Sciences, eds. T. Islam, P. K. Srivastava, M. Gupta, X. Zhu, and S. Mukherjee (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 93–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). The Water On Earth Predates The Formation Of The Sun. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). FAA Oversight of Procedures and Technologies to Prevent and Mitigate the Effects of Dense, Continuous Smoke in the Cockpit. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucas, W. A. (2017). Dynamics of Food Consumption in a Q’eqchi’ Maya Community.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and Nixon, R. (2017). Vetting Is Little Changed Since Calls for Travel Ban. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blatter, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blatter, 2000; de Groot and Grubmüller, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Groot and Grubmüller, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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