How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richardson, D. J. (2010). Applied physics. Filling the light pipe. Science 330, 327–328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kreft, H., and Jetz, W. (2013). Comment on “An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world.” Science 341, 343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia, S., Noma, K.-I., and Grewal, S. I. S. (2004). RNAi-independent heterochromatin nucleation by the stress-activated ATF/CREB family proteins. Science 304, 1971–1976.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ramachandran, G. K., Hopson, T. J., Rawlett, A. M., Nagahara, L. A., Primak, A., and Lindsay, S. M. (2003). A bond-fluctuation mechanism for stochastic switching in wired molecules. Science 300, 1413–1416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen, S. (2005). A Biologist’s Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mueller, L., Sheudshen, A. K., and Eulenstein, F. eds. (2016). Novel Methods for Monitoring and Managing Land and Water Resources in Siberia. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Amey, R. C., Schleicher, T., Slinn, J., Lewis, M., Macdonald, H., Neill, S. J., et al. (2008). “Proteomic analysis of a compatible interaction between Pisum sativum (pea) and the downy mildew pathogen Peronospora viciae,” in The Downy Mildews - Genetics, Molecular Biology and Control, eds. A. Lebeda, P. T. N. Spencer-Phillips, and B. M. Cooke (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Languages “Lost” In Infancy Discovered In The Brain. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Child Support Enforcement: Certification Process for State Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham, O. B. (2017). The Chiron Complex: From Spiritual Bypassing to Individuation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2017). On Contraception, It’s Church Over State. New York Times, SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richardson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Richardson, 2010; Kreft and Jetz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kreft and Jetz, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ramachandran et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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