How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N. (2008). Metagenomics: exploring unseen communities. Nature 453, 687–690.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fried, S. D., and Boxer, S. G. (2015). BIOPHYSICS. Response to Comments on “Extreme electric fields power catalysis in the active site of ketosteroid isomerase.” Science 349, 936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jockers, M. L., Sag, M., and Schultz, J. (2012). Digital archives: Don’t let copyright block data mining. Nature 490, 29–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Son, S.-W., Polvani, L. M., Waugh, D. W., Akiyoshi, H., Garcia, R., Kinnison, D., et al. (2008). The impact of stratospheric ozone recovery on the Southern Hemisphere westerly jet. Science 320, 1486–1489.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulaev, I. S., Vagabov, V. M., and Kulakovskaya, T. V. (2005). The Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Balzer, K. (2013). Nonequilibrium Green’s Functions Approach to Inhomogeneous Systems. , ed. M. Bonitz Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nava, S., and Fanfulla, F. (2010). “Quando iniziare (o meno) il trattamento ventilatorio,” in Ventilazione meccanica non invasiva: Come, quando e perché, ed. F. Fanfulla (Milano: Springer), 21–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Reversible Saliva Is What Makes A Frog’s Tongue So Sticky. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Global Positioning System: Significant Challenges in Sustaining and Upgrading Widely Used Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford, J. (2010). What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2014). The Sexual Healer. New York Times, ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow, 2008; Fried and Boxer, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fried and Boxer, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Son et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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