How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Derby, B. (2012). Printing and prototyping of tissues and scaffolds. Science 338, 921–926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hong, S., and Asai, T. (2014). Effect of panel shape of soccer ball on its flight characteristics. Sci. Rep. 4, 5068.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caraveo-Frescas, J. A., Khan, M. A., and Alshareef, H. N. (2014). Polymer ferroelectric field-effect memory device with SnO channel layer exhibits record hole mobility. Sci. Rep. 4, 5243.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Takasugi, N., Tomita, T., Hayashi, I., Tsuruoka, M., Niimura, M., Takahashi, Y., et al. (2003). The role of presenilin cofactors in the gamma-secretase complex. Nature 422, 438–441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reid, G. (2011). Dyslexia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Salzmann, N., Huggel, C., Nussbaumer, S. U., and Ziervogel, G. eds. (2016). Climate Change Adaptation Strategies – An Upstream-downstream Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bernabei, R., and Power, J. (2016). “Living Designs,” in Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems: 5th International Conference, Living Machines 2016, Edinburgh, UK, July 19-22, 2016. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. N. F. Lepora, A. Mura, M. Mangan, P. F. M. J. Verschure, M. Desmulliez, and T. J. Prescott (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 40–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Plastic Banknotes: New Fingerprint Technique Means Criminals Can’t Avoid Capture. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Education Grants: Promise Neighborhoods Promotes Collaboration but Needs National Evaluation Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, C. A. (2010). Tracking chemistry self-efficacy and achievement in a preparatory chemistry course.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017). Review: The Vienna Philharmonic Adds New Work, and Women. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Derby, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Derby, 2012; Hong and Asai, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hong and Asai, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Takasugi et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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