How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Normile, D. (2014). Lost at sea. Science 344, 963–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richie, T. L., and Saul, A. (2002). Progress and challenges for malaria vaccines. Nature 415, 694–701.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeon, S.-M., Chandel, N. S., and Hay, N. (2012). AMPK regulates NADPH homeostasis to promote tumour cell survival during energy stress. Nature 485, 661–665.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Da Costa Dias, B., Jovanovic, K., Gonsalves, D., Moodley, K., Reusch, U., Knackmuss, S., et al. (2014). The 37kDa/67kDa laminin receptor acts as a receptor for Aβ42 internalization. Sci. Rep. 4, 5556.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janke, S. J., and Tinsley, F. C. (2005). Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leeuwe, M. A. van, Stefels, J., Belviso, S., Lancelot, C., Verity, P. G., and Gieskes, W. W. C. eds. (2007). Phaeocystis, major link in the biogeochemical cycling of climate-relevant elements. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kapçak, S. (2016). “Stability of a Certain 2-Dimensional Map with Cobweb Diagram,” in Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2016: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part I Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. O. Gervasi, B. Murgante, S. Misra, A. M. A. C. Rocha, C. M. Torre, D. Taniar, et al. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). New Battery Promises More Power In Half The Size. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Higher Education: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Trends and the Role of Federal Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenrich, M. A. (2017). “To treat her as a woman”: African American women and respectability in New York, 1860-1890.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2016). A Festival to Re-energize Your Inner Self. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Normile, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Richie and Saul, 2002; Normile, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richie and Saul, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Da Costa Dias et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles