How to format your references using the Journal of Food Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Serhan, C. N. 2014. Pro-resolving lipid mediators are leads for resolution physiology. Nature 510:92–101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sarkies, P., and E. A. Miska. 2013. Molecular biology. Is there social RNA? Science 341:467–468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, K., Q. Li, and S. Fan. 2002. Nanotechnology: spinning continuous carbon nanotube yarns. Nature 419:801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ryan, P. G., P. Bloomer, C. L. Moloney, T. J. Grant, and W. Delport. 2007. Ecological speciation in South Atlantic island finches. Science 315:1420–1423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Naini, F. B. 2011. Facial Aesthetics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Kim, R. 2015. Mathematics Teaching and Learning: South Korean Elementary Teachers’ Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidt, K.-H. 2015. University Studies at Hardenberg’s and Humboldt’s Time and the Professionalization of University Studies Today, p. 53–65. In J.G. Backhaus (ed.), The University According to Humboldt: History, Policy, and Future Possibilities. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Protection.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2016. New Horizons Is Going To Visit Another Object After Pluto. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Technology Transfer: Constraints Perceived by Federal Laboratory and Agency Officials. RCED-88-116BR. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherwin, P. R. 2012. The disconnection between high school and college: A study of retention of students who are at risk of leaving college before completing a degree. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. 2017. Tom of Finland. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (2)
  • Three authors: (2)
  • Four or more authors: (2)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Protection
AbbreviationJ. Food Prot.
ISSN (print)0362-028X
ISSN (online)1944-9097
ScopeFood Science

Other styles