How to format your references using the Journal of Food Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gitlin, J. D. 2006. Plant science. Distributing nutrition. Science 314:1252–1253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark, C. M., and D. Tilman. 2008. Loss of plant species after chronic low-level nitrogen deposition to prairie grasslands. Nature 451:712–715.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jacque, J.-M., K. Triques, and M. Stevenson. 2002. Modulation of HIV-1 replication by RNA interference. Nature 418:435–438.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clarke, G., R. A. Collins, B. R. Leavitt, D. F. Andrews, M. R. Hayden, C. J. Lumsden, and R. R. McInnes. 2000. A one-hit model of cell death in inherited neuronal degenerations. Nature 406:195–199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chance, D. M. 2008. Essays in Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wood, P. R. 2009. Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery in Clinical Practice. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Audeh, B., P. Beaune, and M. Beigbeder. 2013. Recall-Oriented Evaluation for Information Retrieval Systems, p. 29–32. In M. Lupu, E. Kanoulas, and F. Loizides (eds.), Multidisciplinary Information Retrieval: 6th Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2013, Limassol, Cyprus, October 7-9, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Protection.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2017. Psychedelics Could Be The Cutting-Edge Treatment We’ve Been Ignoring For Half A Century. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations. GAO-06-52. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prendergast, C. A. 2017. Nontraditional online students perceptions on student success conditions. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. 2017. They Exposed a Scandal, But Merited Just a Footnote. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Protection
AbbreviationJ. Food Prot.
ISSN (print)0362-028X
ISSN (online)1944-9097
ScopeFood Science

Other styles