How to format your references using the Journal of Food Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zrenner, E. 2002. Will retinal implants restore vision? Science 295:1022–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sigman, D. M., and E. A. Boyle. 2000. Glacial/interglacial variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Nature 407:859–869.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lucia, U., A. Ponzetto, and T. S. Deisboeck. 2014. A thermo-physical analysis of the proton pump vacuolar-ATPase: the constructal approach. Sci. Rep. 4:6763.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Saneyoshi, T., S. Kume, Y. Amasaki, and K. Mikoshiba. 2002. The Wnt/calcium pathway activates NF-AT and promotes ventral cell fate in Xenopus embryos. Nature 417:295–299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bromfield, R. 2010. Doing Therapy with Children and Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Filipe, J., J. Cordeiro, and J. Cardoso. 2008. Enterprise Information Systems: 9th International Conference, ICEIS 2007, Funchal, Madeira, June 12-16, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Palermo, A., K. Janssens, and L. Britte. 2016. Evaluation and Improvement of Accuracy in the Instantaneous Angular Speed (IAS) and Torsional Vibration Measurement Using Zebra Tapes, p. 43–56. In F. Chaari, R. Zimroz, W. Bartelmus, and M. Haddar (eds.), Advances in Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations, CMMNO’2014, Lyon, France December 15-17. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Protection.

Blog post
Evans, K. 2016. ‘The Hare Psychopathy Checklist’: The Test That Will Tell You If Someone Is A Sociopath. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Amtrak: Improved Management and Controls over Food and Beverage Service Needed. GAO-05-867. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daysal, N. M. 2009. The effects of uninsurance on hospitals and patient health. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. 2016. Metallica’s ‘Hardwired’ Hits No. 1 on Chart. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Protection
AbbreviationJ. Food Prot.
ISSN (print)0362-028X
ISSN (online)1944-9097
ScopeFood Science

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