How to format your references using the Journal of Food Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe, D. 2013. Public planning: Designs fit for purpose. Nature 493:S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, E. H., and E. N. Olson. 2005. Unveiling the mechanisms of cell-cell fusion. Science 308:369–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foran, E., S. Weiner, and M. Fine. 2013. Biogenic fish-gut calcium carbonate is a stable amorphous phase in the gilt-head seabream, Sparus aurata. Sci. Rep. 3:1700.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Legros, M., G. Dehm, E. Arzt, and T. J. Balk. 2008. Observation of giant diffusivity along dislocation cores. Science 319:1646–1649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sutt, J., I. Lill, and O. Müürsepp. 2013. The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Bouhafs, F. 2014. Communication Challenges and Solutions in the Smart Grid. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Heinrich, A. B. 2014. Life Cycle Assessment as Reflected by the International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, p. 145–188. In W. Klöpffer (ed.), Background and Future Prospects in Life Cycle Assessment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Protection.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2017. Eleven Elephants Rescued From Muddy Bomb Crater Doom. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Education Needs to Further Examine Data Collection on English Language Learners in Charter Schools. GAO-13-655R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bavkar, I. N. 2017. In-Node Vehicle Classification and Identification. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., and S. M. Nir. 2017. The Village Voice, Keeper of Downtown Cool, Will Shed Its Print Edition. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (2)
  • Three authors: (2)
  • Four or more authors: (2)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Protection
AbbreviationJ. Food Prot.
ISSN (print)0362-028X
ISSN (online)1944-9097
ScopeFood Science

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