How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reines, A. E., 2014, “Astrophysics: Giant Black Hole in a Stripped Galaxy,” Nature, 513(7518), pp. 322–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hodas, N. O., and Lerman, K., 2014, “The Simple Rules of Social Contagion,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 4343.
A journal article with 3 authors
López, C. A., de Vries, A. H., and Marrink, S. J., 2013, “Computational Microscopy of Cyclodextrin Mediated Cholesterol Extraction from Lipid Model Membranes,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 2071.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lunov, O., Zablotskii, V., Churpita, O., Chánová, E., Syková, E., Dejneka, A., and Kubinová, S., 2014, “Cell Death Induced by Ozone and Various Non-Thermal Plasmas: Therapeutic Perspectives and Limitations,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 7129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anaya-Lara, O., Campos-Gaona, D., Moreno-Goytia, E., and Adam, G., 2014, Offshore Wind Energy Generation, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Opitz, D. L., Bergwik, S., and Tiggelen, B. V., eds., 2016, Domesticity in the Making of Modern Science, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
de Oliveira da Silva, F. E., Motta, C. L. R., Santoro, F. M., and de Oliveira, C. E. T., 2009, “A Social Matching Approach to Support Team Configuration,” Groupware: Design, Implementation, and Use: 15th International Workshop, CRIWG 2009, Peso Da Régua, Douro, Portugal, September 13-17, 2009. Proceedings, L. Carriço, N. Baloian, and B. Fonseca, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids Engineering.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016, “Climate Change Could Wipe Out 60 Percent Of Adélie Penguins This Century, Study Finds,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016, NASA: Preliminary Observations on Major Acquisition Projects and Management Challenges, GAO-16-461T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lange, A. W., 2006, “Calcineurin/NFATc1/DSCR1 Pathway Function in Cardiac Valvuloseptal Development and Down Syndrome-Related Phenotypes,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001, “Small Budget Cuts at a School Cause a Large Amount of Pain,” New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-2202
ISSN (online)1528-901X
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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