How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E., 2003, “Biologists Wary That Cash up Front Could Mean Cuts Later,” Nature, 421(6924), p. 677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paland, S., and Lynch, M., 2006, “Transitions to Asexuality Result in Excess Amino Acid Substitutions,” Science, 311(5763), pp. 990–992.
A journal article with 3 authors
Day, M., Langston, R., and Morris, R. G. M., 2003, “Glutamate-Receptor-Mediated Encoding and Retrieval of Paired-Associate Learning,” Nature, 424(6945), pp. 205–209.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carter, J. A., Fabrycky, D. C., Ragozzine, D., Holman, M. J., Quinn, S. N., Latham, D. W., Buchhave, L. A., Van Cleve, J., Cochran, W. D., Cote, M. T., Endl, M., Ford, E. B., Haas, M. R., Jenkins, J. M., Koch, D. G., Li, J., Lissauer, J. J., MacQueen, P. J., Middour, C. K., Orosz, J. A., Rowe, J. F., Steffen, J. H., and Welsh, W. F., 2011, “KOI-126: A Triply Eclipsing Hierarchical Triple with Two Low-Mass Stars,” Science, 331(6017), pp. 562–565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deacon, M., Derry, A., and Mirfendereski, D., 2004, Inflation-Indexed Securities, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Jeschke, S., Isenhardt, I., Hees, F., and Trantow, S., eds., 2011, Enabling Innovation: Innovative Capability - German and International Views, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Coles, L. S., 2010, “The Ethical Basis for Using Human Embryonic Stem Cells in the Treatment of Aging,” The Future of Aging: Pathways to Human Life Extension, G.M. Fahy, M.D. West, L.S. Coles, and S.B. Harris, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016, “Dinosaurs Saw The World In Shades Of Red,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992, Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1990, RCED-92-97, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker, H. A., 2017, “Virtual Mate Poaching: A Study of the Tactics Used to Poach a Potential Mate on Social Networking Sites,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011, “Defections Fuel A Complicated Rivalry,” New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-2202
ISSN (online)1528-901X
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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