How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E., 2015, “Textiles: Fabrics of Life,” Nature, 519(7544), pp. S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Messing, G. L., and Stevenson, A. J., 2008, “Materials Science. Toward Pore-Free Ceramics,” Science, 322(5900), pp. 383–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choi, C. H., Hiromura, M., and Usheva, A., 2003, “Transcription Factor IIB Acetylates Itself to Regulate Transcription,” Nature, 424(6951), pp. 965–969.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mao, G., Perea, R. F., Howells, W. S., Price, D. L., and Saboungi, M. L., 2000, “Relaxation in Polymer Electrolytes on the Nanosecond Timescale,” Nature, 405(6783), pp. 163–165.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lachin, J. M., 2010, Biostatistical Methods: The Assessment of Relative Risks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Spike, J. P., 2016, A Casebook in Interprofessional Ethics: A Succinct Introduction to Ethics for the Health Professions, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Braissant, O., Bachmann, C., and Henry, H., 2007, “Expression and Function of Agat, Gamt and CT1 in the Mammalian Brain,” Creatine and Creatine Kinase in Health and Disease, G.S. Salomons, and M. Wyss, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, “Huge Lighting Storm As Seen From Space,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988, Immigration Service: INS’ Technology Selection Process Is Weak, Informal, and Inconsistently Applied, PEMD-88-16, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ratzlaff, K., 2012, “Dynamics of Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis) Infection in Amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., 2014, “Senate Report Says Caterpillar Used Swiss Subsidiary to Reduce Taxes,” New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-2202
ISSN (online)1528-901X
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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