How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lehmann, J., 2007, “A Handful of Carbon,” Nature, 447(7141), pp. 143–144.
A journal article with 2 authors
Imambekov, A., and Glazman, L. I., 2009, “Universal Theory of Nonlinear Luttinger Liquids,” Science, 323(5911), pp. 228–231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Narayan, V., Ramaswamy, S., and Menon, N., 2007, “Long-Lived Giant Number Fluctuations in a Swarming Granular Nematic,” Science, 317(5834), pp. 105–108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sato, Y., Yasuhara, K., Kikuchi, J.-I., and Sato, T. N., 2013, “Synthetic Cell Division System: Controlling Equal vs. Unequal Divisions by Design,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 3475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanders, S., 2015, Seizures in Dogs and Cats, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Johnson, D. E., ed., 2013, Cell Death Signaling in Cancer Biology and Treatment, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Rikowski, R., 2011, “Digitisation,” Digitisation Perspectives, R. Rikowski, ed., SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016, “What The Hell Is This Thing That Washed Up On a New Zealand Beach?,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000, Naval Ship Donation: Selection Decision for U.S.S. New Jersey Was Objective, but Selection Process Can Be Strengthened, GAO-01-31, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, C. E., 2013, “Sources for the Reevaluation of George Frederick Root’s Career: The Autobiography & a Secular Cantata,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010, “Their Lotus Can’t Take Root On a Mat,” New York Times, p. ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-2202
ISSN (online)1528-901X
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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