How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rikken, G. L. J. A., 2011, “Physics. A New Twist on Spintronics,” Science, 331(6019), pp. 864–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gilbert, D. T., and Wilson, T. D., 2007, “Prospection: Experiencing the Future,” Science, 317(5843), pp. 1351–1354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hempson, G. P., Archibald, S., and Bond, W. J., 2015, “A Continent-Wide Assessment of the Form and Intensity of Large Mammal Herbivory in Africa,” Science, 350(6264), pp. 1056–1061.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Masai, H., Yamada, Y., Suzuki, Y., Teramura, K., Kanemitsu, Y., and Yoko, T., 2013, “Narrow Energy Gap between Triplet and Singlet Excited States of Sn2+ in Borate Glass,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 3541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, G., Wang, X., and Li, X., 2014, Fundamentals of Complex Networks, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Lai, C., Giuliani, A., and Semeraro, G., eds., 2014, Distributed Systems and Applications of Information Filtering and Retrieval: DART 2012: Revised and Invited Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Nuhoğlu Soysal, Y., and Wong, S.-Y., 2007, “Educating Future Citizens in Europe and Asia,” School Knowledge in Comparative and Historical Perspective: Changing Curricula in Primary and Secondary Education, A. Benavot, C. Braslavsky, and N. Truong, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “New Young Planet Could Help Unlock Jupiter’s Past,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993, Automated Medical Records: Leadership Needed to Expedite Standards Development, IMTEC-93-17, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tran, L. N., 2013, “Low-Cost Vehicle Remote Diagnostic System,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2009, “Balancing Football and Academic Success,” New York Times, p. B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-2202
ISSN (online)1528-901X
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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