How to format your references using the Journal of Fetal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fetal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Blandford RD. A century of general relativity: astrophysics and cosmology. Science. 2015;347:1103–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Toader O, John S. Proposed square spiral microfabrication architecture for large three-dimensional photonic band gap crystals. Science. 2001;292:1133–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Samokhvalov AV, Shekhter RI, Buzdin AI. Stimulation of a singlet superconductivity in SFS weak links by spin-exchange scattering of cooper pairs. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5671.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Colgin LL, Denninger T, Fyhn M, Hafting T, Bonnevie T, Jensen O, et al. Frequency of gamma oscillations routes flow of information in the hippocampus. Nature. 2009;462:353–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hitz CB, Ewing J, Hecht J. Introduction to Laser Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Murray-Smith R, Shorten R, editors. Switching and Learning in Feedback Systems: European Summer School on Multi-Agent Control, Maynooth, Ireland, September 8-10, 2003, Revised Lectures and Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Beck AM, Robinson JW. Sexual Resilience in Couples. In: Skerrett K, Fergus K, editors. Couple Resilience: Emerging Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fetal Medicine.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. NASA Wants To Build A Mini Space Station Near The Moon. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Computers in Government: We Couldn’t Do Without Them. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jun. Report No.: 112745.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Maddox AL. Secondary Structure Analysis of the C-Terminus of Gα-Interacting Vesicle Associated Protein Using Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Neal L. Quotation of the Day. New York Times. 2010 Apr 7;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fetal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Fetal Med.
ISSN (print)2348-1153
ISSN (online)2348-8859
Scope

Other styles