How to format your references using the Journal of Fetal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fetal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Levinson SC. Psychology. Kinship and human thought. Science. 2012;336:988–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Long MA, Fee MS. Using temperature to analyse temporal dynamics in the songbird motor pathway. Nature. 2008;456:189–94.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Evans WJ, Kozimor SA, Ziller JW. Molecular octa-uranium rings with alternating nitride and azide bridges. Science. 2005;309:1835–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Turnbaugh PJ, Ley RE, Mahowald MA, Magrini V, Mardis ER, Gordon JI. An obesity-associated gut microbiome with increased capacity for energy harvest. Nature. 2006;444:1027–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brauer RL. Safety and Health for Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Lamattina L, García-Mata C, editors. Gasotransmitters in Plants: The Rise of a New Paradigm in Cell Signaling. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rovenski V, Zelenko L. Prescribing the Mixed Scalar Curvature of a Foliation. In: Rovenski V, Walczak P, editors. Geometry and its Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 83–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fetal Medicine.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Gravitational Vortex Generates Wobbles Around A Black Hole [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/gravitational-vortex-generates-wobbles-around-a-black-hole/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2011 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Oct. Report No.: GAO-12-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gomez S. Support group for caregivers coping with their child diagnosed with autism: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Couturier K. The Nine and a Half Months That Shook Fox News. New York Times. 2017 Apr 20;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fetal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Fetal Med.
ISSN (print)2348-1153
ISSN (online)2348-8859
Scope

Other styles