How to format your references using the Journal of Fetal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fetal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shih WM. Materials Science. Exploiting weak interactions in DNA self-assembly. Science. 2015;347:1417–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Butler D, Pockley P. Monsanto makes rice genome public. Nature. 2000;404:534.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Collins PG, Arnold MS, Avouris P. Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown. Science. 2001;292:706–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fadok VA, Bratton DL, Rose DM, Pearson A, Ezekewitz RA, Henson PM. A receptor for phosphatidylserine-specific clearance of apoptotic cells. Nature. 2000;405:85–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Thomas CG. Greece. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Grabis J, Kirikova M, Zdravkovic J, Stirna J, editors. The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 6th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2013, Riga, Latvia, November 6-7, 2013, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Oh S, Woo W. ARGarden: Augmented Edutainment System with a Learning Companion. In: Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, Rhalibi AE, editors. Transactions on Edutainment I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 40–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fetal Medicine.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Females Rise in Baboon Ranks With Help From Moms and Sisters [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/females-rise-baboon-ranks-help-moms-and-sisters/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Supercomputing in Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Mar. Report No.: T-IMTEC-91-5.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chung EK. The Sophisticated Genetic Diversities of Human Complement Component C4 and RCCX Modules in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Victor D. Dehydration Death at Jail Is Scrutinized. New York Times. 2017 Apr 25;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fetal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Fetal Med.
ISSN (print)2348-1153
ISSN (online)2348-8859
Scope

Other styles