How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Systems (JAIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2007). Small advances. Nature, 450(7173), 1141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xie, J., & Black, D. L. (2001). A CaMK IV responsive RNA element mediates depolarization-induced alternative splicing of ion channels. Nature, 410(6831), 936–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Damasceno, P. F., Engel, M., & Glotzer, S. C. (2012). Predictive self-assembly of polyhedra into complex structures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6093), 453–457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Betzig, E., Patterson, G. H., Sougrat, R., Lindwasser, O. W., Olenych, S., Bonifacino, J. S., … Hess, H. F. (2006). Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5793), 1642–1645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Malah, K. I. M. (2016). Aspen Plus®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Greil, R., Pleyer, L., Faber, V., & Neureiter, D. (Eds.). (2010). Chronic Myeloid Neoplasias and Clonal Overlap Syndromes: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment Options. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dörfler, P., Sick, M., & Coutu, A. (2013). High-Frequency Vortex Phenomena. In M. Sick & A. Coutu (Eds.), Flow-Induced Pulsation and Vibration in Hydroelectric Machinery: Engineer’s Guidebook for Planning, Design and Troubleshooting (pp. 111–127). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 30). Venus And Jupiter Will Appear To Merge And Form A “Double Star” Tonight. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). International Space Station: Challenges to Increased Utilization May Affect Return on Investment (No. GAO-15-722T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collette, J. C. (2017). Validation of the tgFgfr1-EGFP Mouse Line as a Tool to Study Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 Cellular Localization and Expression After Experimental Manipulations (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2013, March 12). Former Mayor of Detroit Guilty in Corruption Case. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lazar, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kaplan, 2009; Middelburg, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xie & Black, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Damasceno, Engel, & Glotzer, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Craven et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Systems
ISSN (print)1536-9323
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems

Other styles