How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Systems (JAIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rankin, C. H. (2002). Neuroscience. A bite to remember. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1624–1625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin, D. S., & Tainer, J. A. (2015). Molecular biology: DNA repair without flipping out. Nature, 527(7577), 168–169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Selmecki, A., Forche, A., & Berman, J. (2006). Aneuploidy and isochromosome formation in drug-resistant Candida albicans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5785), 367–370.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Deng, Z., Jiang, Y., Wang, W., Cheng, L., Li, W., Lu, W., … Chen, H. (2014). Indium segregation measured in InGaN quantum well layer. Scientific reports, 4, 6734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guyader, J.-L. (2013). Vibration in Continuous Media. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barnett, G. H. (Ed.). (2007). High-Grade Gliomas: Diagnosis and Treatment. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Okafor, I. (2016). Islamic Extremism in West Africa: A Historical and Theological Analysis of the Crisis of Religious Brigandage in Islam. In L. D. Lefebure (Ed.), Religion, Authority, and the State: From Constantine to the Contemporary World (pp. 101–120). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Systems.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, November 5). China Has Been Dramatically Underreporting Coal Consumption. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Intellectual Property: Improvements Needed to Better Manage Patent Office Automation and Address Workforce Challenges (No. GAO-05-1008T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mande, M. (2017). Sisyphus’s Fault: How the Shifting Terrain of a Changing Institution Makes Curriculum Reform an “Impossible Task” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 16). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Overview; Bush Subtly Avoids Direct Attack Against Clinton on the Draft Issue. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rankin, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rankin, 2002; Shin & Tainer, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shin & Tainer, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Selmecki, Forche, & Berman, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Deng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Systems
ISSN (print)1536-9323
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems

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