How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Systems (JAIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmer, C. (2000). EVOLUTION: Parasites Make Scaredy-Rats Foolhardy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 525b–7b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerberg, J., & Chernomordik, L. V. (2005). Neuroscience. Synaptic membranes bend to the will of a neurotoxin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5754), 1626–1627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller, S. P., Lunzer, M., & Dean, A. M. (2006). Direct demonstration of an adaptive constraint. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 458–461.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leininger, S., Urich, T., Schloter, M., Schwark, L., Qi, J., Nicol, G. W., … Schleper, C. (2006). Archaea predominate among ammonia-oxidizing prokaryotes in soils. Nature, 442(7104), 806–809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leroy, L. (2016). Eyestrain Reduction in Stereoscopy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Croon, J. A. (2005). Matching Properties of Deep Sub-Micron MOS Transistors. (W. Sansen & H. E. Maes, Eds.) (Vol. 851). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Yuan, L.-P., Ma, G.-F., & Sun, R.-S. (2016). An Analysis of Fatigue and Its Characteristics: A Survey on Chinese Air Traffic Controller. In D. Harris (Ed.), Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics: 13th International Conference, EPCE 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-22, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 38–47). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 11). Chronic Pot Smoking Associated With Reduced Gray Matter, But Increased Connections. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Federal Research: Effectiveness of Small Business Innovation Research Program Procedures (No. RCED-87-63). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard, J. A. (2014). Evidence of Leadership Competencies in the Journal of Mary Easton Sibley, a Pioneering 19th Century Women’s College Founder (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2016, June 23). A Superhero Who Defies Gravity, Despite a Heavy Burden. New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zimmer, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zimmer, 2000; Zimmerberg & Chernomordik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zimmerberg & Chernomordik, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Miller, Lunzer, & Dean, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Leininger et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Systems
ISSN (print)1536-9323
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems

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