How to format your references using the Journal of the Association for Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association for Information Systems (JAIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad, E. (2000). SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY: Homegrown Quartz Muddies the Water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5484), 1449–1451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartley, R. R., & Behringer, R. P. (2003). Logarithmic rate dependence of force networks in sheared granular materials. Nature, 421(6926), 928–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buckley, S. A., Clark, K. A., & Evershed, R. P. (2004). Complex organic chemical balms of Pharaonic animal mummies. Nature, 431(7006), 294–299.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mettetal, J. T., Muzzey, D., Gómez-Uribe, C., & van Oudenaarden, A. (2008). The frequency dependence of osmo-adaptation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5862), 482–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzman, G., CVT VTS De, & Raffel, T., CVT VTS Su. (2015). Surgical Patient Care for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Morava, E., Baumgartner, M., Patterson, M., Rahman, S., Zschocke, J., & Peters, V. (Eds.). (2016). JIMD Reports, Volume 25 (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 25). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wriggers, P. (2009). Mixed Finite Element Methods - Theory and Discretization. In C. Carstensen & P. Wriggers (Eds.), Mixed Finite Element Technologies (pp. 131–177). Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association for Information Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 1). Should We Be Using Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitisers? IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Aviation Security: Progress Since September 11, 2001, and the Challenges Ahead (No. GAO-03-1150T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ethridge, G. (2012). Determining the variables that contribute to job tenure for people with psychiatric disabilities participating in an evidenced-based supported employment program (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2009, May 3). Fame on the Half Shell. New York Times, p. CY1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hartley & Behringer, 2003; Stokstad, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartley & Behringer, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Buckley, Clark, & Evershed, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mettetal, Muzzey, Gómez-Uribe, & van Oudenaarden, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association for Information Systems
ISSN (print)1536-9323
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems

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