How to format your references using the Psychoanalytic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychoanalytic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkelstein, J. (2009). Metalloproteins. Nature, 460(7257), 813.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pelton, J. N., & Logsdon, J. (2008). Retrospective. Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008). Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5873), 189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vannucchi, P., Remitti, F., & Bettelli, G. (2008). Geological record of fluid flow and seismogenesis along an erosive subducting plate boundary. Nature, 451(7179), 699–703.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krumholz, A., Shcherbakova, D. M., Xia, J., Wang, L. V., & Verkhusha, V. V. (2014). Multicontrast photoacoustic in vivo imaging using near-infrared fluorescent proteins. Scientific Reports, 4, 3939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basset, P., Blokhina, E., & Galayko, D. (2016). Electrostatic Kinetic Energy Harvesting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Alpini, D. C., Brugnoni, G., & Cesarani, A. (Eds.). (2014). Whiplash Injuries: Diagnosis and Treatment (2nd ed. 2014). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Metcalfe, G., Olivetti, N., & Gabbay, D. (2009). Gentzen Systems. In N. Olivetti & D. Gabbay (Eds.), Proof Theory for Fuzzy Logics (pp. 67–100). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychoanalytic Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 13). New Mapping Effort To Help Battle Lyme Disease. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). NSF’s Academic Facilities Program (RCED-95-153R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walsh, E. F. (2010). The development of comprehensive criminal justice leadership standards: A modified Delphi study approach [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, May 12). They Say the Town Cars Are Three Wide on Broadway. New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkelstein, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Finkelstein, 2009; Pelton & Logsdon, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pelton & Logsdon, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Vannucchi et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Krumholz et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychoanalytic Psychology
AbbreviationPsychoanal. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0736-9735
ISSN (online)1939-1331
ScopeClinical Psychology

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