How to format your references using the Psychoanalytic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychoanalytic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, R. W. (2008). Physics. Let quantum mechanics improve your images. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5888), 501–502.
A journal article with 2 authors
Druzd, D., & Scheiermann, C. (2013). Immunology. Some monocytes got rhythm. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6153), 1462–1464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sweeney, A., Jiggins, C., & Johnsen, S. (2003). Insect communication: Polarized light as a butterfly mating signal. Nature, 423(6935), 31–32.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tanaka, M., Collins, S. R., Toyama, B. H., & Weissman, J. S. (2006). The physical basis of how prion conformations determine strain phenotypes. Nature, 442(7102), 585–589.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph, C. L., & Bernal, S. (2016). Modern Devices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Park, J. J., Yang, L. T., & Lee, C. (Eds.). (2011). Future Information Technology: 6th International Conference, FutureTech 2011, Loutraki, Greece, June 28-30, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 185). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, L. P., & Toh, T. L. (2015). Mathematical Problem-Solving Using Real-World Problems. In Y. H. Cho, I. S. Caleon, & M. Kapur (Eds.), Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century: Perspectives from Singapore and Beyond (pp. 57–71). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychoanalytic Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 30). Trick Or Treat? The Psychology Of Fright And Halloween Horrors. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Transportation Infrastructure: Information on Bridge Conditions (No. GAO-16-72R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakhoda, A. (2013). Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Ru(II) Vinylidenes (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 20). Dodgers Crush Cubs, Winning Pennant for the First Time Since 1988. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyd, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Boyd, 2008; Druzd & Scheiermann, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Druzd & Scheiermann, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Sweeney, Jiggins, & Johnsen, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tanaka, Collins, Toyama, & Weissman, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychoanalytic Psychology
AbbreviationPsychoanal. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0736-9735
ISSN (online)1939-1331
ScopeClinical Psychology

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