How to format your references using the Psychoanalytic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychoanalytic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Obara, K. (2002). Nonvolcanic deep tremor associated with subduction in southwest Japan. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1679–1681.
A journal article with 2 authors
Danielson, J. Å. H., & Frommer, W. B. (2013). Plant science. Jack of all trades, master of flowering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6120), 659–660.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, X., Minton, T. K., & Zhang, D. H. (2012). Chemistry. Rethinking chemical reactions at hyperthermal energies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6089), 1650–1651.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Merbach, M. A., Merbach, D. J., Maschwitz, U., Booth, W. E., Fiala, B., & Zizka, G. (2002). Mass march of termites into the deadly trap. Nature, 415(6867), 36–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiske, J. R., & Fiske, C. A. (2009). The Big Book of Benefit Auctions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fulekar, M. H. (Ed.). (2010). Bioremediation Technology: Recent Advances. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo, X., Zhang, L., Xiong, D., Ran, L., & Wang, Y. (2015). Selection of Basic Measurements on Head Segment of Male Pilots for 3-D Anthropometry. In S. Long & B. S. Dhillon (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Man–Machine–Environment System Engineering (pp. 29–37). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychoanalytic Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 23). Scientists Now Able to Track Individual Cells Throughout Embryonic Development. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Schools Closed Since l969 as a Result of Actions To Promote Racial Balance (B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, C. A. (2014). Teacher and Student Perceptions of Bullying at Leclaire School [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, June 18). I.O.C. Opens Inquiry Into Resale Of Tickets. New York Times, D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Obara, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Danielson & Frommer, 2013; Obara, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Danielson & Frommer, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Yang et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Merbach et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychoanalytic Psychology
AbbreviationPsychoanal. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0736-9735
ISSN (online)1939-1331
ScopeClinical Psychology

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