How to format your references using the Psychoanalytic Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychoanalytic Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grant, P. M. (2007). Obituary: Chauncey Starr (1912-2007). Nature, 447(7146), 789.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kan, J., & Wang, Y. (2013). Large and fast reversible Li-ion storages in Fe2O3-graphene sheet-on-sheet sandwich-like nanocomposites. Scientific Reports, 3, 3502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jewitt, D., Aussel, H., & Evans, A. (2001). The size and albedo of the Kuiper-belt object (20000) Varuna. Nature, 411(6836), 446–447.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tsung Chen, I., Chang, P.-H., Chang, Y.-C., & Guo, T.-F. (2013). Lighting up ultraviolet fluorescence from chicken albumen through plasmon resonance energy transfer of gold nanoparticles. Scientific Reports, 3, 1505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell, G. (2005). Computational Methods of Linear Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Canal, C., & Idani, A. (Eds.). (2015). Software Engineering and Formal Methods: SEFM 2014 Collocated Workshops: HOFM, SAFOME, OpenCert, MoKMaSD, WS-FMDS, Grenoble, France, September 1-2, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 8938). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Best, E., & Wimmel, H. (2013). Structure Theory of Petri Nets. In K. Jensen, W. M. P. van der Aalst, G. Balbo, M. Koutny, & K. Wolf (Eds.), Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VII (pp. 162–224). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychoanalytic Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 3). White House Requests $30 Million For Europa Mission. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Office of Science and Technology Policy: Violation of the Antideficiency Act (GAO-12-200T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, L. (2017). Perceptions Of Women Leaders In A Catholic Archdiocese: A Phenomenological Study [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jorden, J. (2017, August 11). ‘Don Giovanni’ in Its Indelible Essence. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grant, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Grant, 2007; Kan & Wang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kan & Wang, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Jewitt et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tsung Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychoanalytic Psychology
AbbreviationPsychoanal. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0736-9735
ISSN (online)1939-1331
ScopeClinical Psychology

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