How to format your references using the Journal of Family Business Strategy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Business Strategy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C. (2000). DIVERSITY: Parity as a Goal Sparks Bitter Battle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5478), 380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurdon, J. B., & Melton, D. A. (2008). Nuclear reprogramming in cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5909), 1811–1815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shankar, N., Baghdayan, A. S., & Gilmore, M. S. (2002). Modulation of virulence within a pathogenicity island in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis. Nature, 417(6890), 746–750.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pappalardo, L., D’Auria, L., Cavallo, A., & Fiore, S. (2014). Petrological and seismic precursors of the paroxysmal phase of the last Vesuvius eruption on March 1944. Scientific Reports, 4, 6297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sattler, K. (2005). Thermische Trennverfahren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Rynne, B. P. (2008). Linear Functional Analysis (M. A. Youngson, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Loosen, P., & Knitsch, A. (2007). Incoherent Beam Superposition and Stacking. In F. Bachmann, P. Loosen, & R. Poprawe (Eds.), High Power Diode Lasers: Technology and Applications (pp. 121–179). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Business Strategy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, November 29). Was The Solar System Jump-Started By A Supernova? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Space Station: Cost Control Problems Continue to Worsen (T-NSIAD-97-177). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caltrider, C. S. (2017). Critical Pedagogy Unit of Ceramics Instruction: Fostering Civic Engagement in California High School Students [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017, May 23). Lions in Winter Who Can Still Roar. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gurdon & Melton, 2008; Holden, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gurdon & Melton, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Shankar et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pappalardo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Business Strategy
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Bus. Strat.
ISSN (print)1877-8585
ScopeStrategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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