How to format your references using the Journal of Family Business Strategy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Business Strategy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2013). Science’s rightful place is in service of society. Nature, 502(7473), 595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Franchi, L., & Núñez, G. (2012). Immunology. Orchestrating inflammasomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6100), 1299–1300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lenton, T. M., Schellnhuber, H. J., & Szathmáry, E. (2004). Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature, 431(7011), 913.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Batterham, R. L., Ffytche, D. H., Rosenthal, J. M., Zelaya, F. O., Barker, G. J., Withers, D. J., & Williams, S. C. R. (2007). PYY modulation of cortical and hypothalamic brain areas predicts feeding behaviour in humans. Nature, 450(7166), 106–109.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, S. A. (2010). Mastering Corporate Finance Essentials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sierksma, G. (2010). Networks in Action: Text and Computer Exercises in Network Optimization. (D. Ghosh, Ed.) (Vol. 140). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
LaRocca, T. J., & Benach, J. L. (2008). The Important and Diverse Roles of Antibodies in the Host Response to Borrelia Infections. In T. Manser (Ed.), Specialization and Complementation of Humoral Immune Responses to Infection (pp. 63–103). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Business Strategy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 29). Division of Labor Key To Naked Mole Rats’ Extraordinary Longevity. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Assessment of the Impact Aid Program (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheat, B. R. (2015). Effects of intercropping switchgrass in managed pine stands on plant communities and white-tailed deer forage production (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 2). Collins Will Move From Dugout to Front Office as Mets Turn to Other Questions. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Franchi & Núñez, 2012; Sarewitz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Franchi & Núñez, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Lenton, Schellnhuber, & Szathmáry, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Batterham et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Business Strategy
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Bus. Strat.
ISSN (print)1877-8585
ScopeStrategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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