How to format your references using the Journal of Family Business Strategy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Business Strategy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, A. (2008). Science teaching must evolve. Nature, 453(7191), 31–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diaz, R. J., & Rosenberg, R. (2008). Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5891), 926–929.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshida, N., Omukai, K., & Hernquist, L. (2008). Protostar formation in the early universe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5889), 669–671.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, J., Kinoshita, T., Pandey, S., Ng, C. K.-Y., Gygi, S. P., Shimazaki, K.-I., & Assmann, S. M. (2002). Modulation of an RNA-binding protein by abscisic-acid-activated protein kinase. Nature, 418(6899), 793–797.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beiser, L. (2005). Unified Optical Scanning Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Köhn, D. (Ed.). (2014). Finance for Food: Towards New Agricultural and Rural Finance. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brokate, M., & Kersting, G. (2015). Integrable Functions. In G. Kersting (Ed.), Measure and Integral (pp. 41–52). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Business Strategy.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, April 3). Photos Of Florida Panther Kittens Show This Rare Subspecies Is On The Up. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Army Needs Better Data To Develop Policies for Sole and Inservice Parents (FPCD-82-50). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, V. S. (2017). A Mixed Methodology Exploration of White Female Pre-Service Teachers’ Discussions of Race and Gender through Presentations of Counternarratives in Children’s Literature Books [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2016, November 14). Overcoming Setbacks and Gaining a Certification. New York Times, A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Diaz & Rosenberg, 2008; Moore, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diaz & Rosenberg, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Yoshida et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Business Strategy
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Bus. Strat.
ISSN (print)1877-8585
ScopeStrategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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