How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S. 2013. Vaccines: An age-old problem. Nature 502:S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amack JD, Manning ML. 2012. Knowing the boundaries: extending the differential adhesion hypothesis in embryonic cell sorting. Science 338:212–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mani RG, Kriisa A, Wegscheider W. 2013. Size-dependent giant-magnetoresistance in millimeter scale GaAs/AlGaAs 2D electron devices. Sci Rep 3:2747.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lee JW, Lee J, Kim C, Cho C-Y, Moon JH. 2014. Facile fabrication of sub-100 nm mesoscale inverse opal films and their application in dye-sensitized solar cell electrodes. Sci Rep 4:6804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson JC. 2015. Lean Auditing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Di Scala SM, Gentile E eds. 2016. Mussolini 1883-1915: Triumph and Transformation of a Revolutionary Socialist. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee J, Kim S, Kim J. 2011. Introduction of KNCPC (Korea National Cleaner Production Center) and Activity on Green Growth. In: Han M-W, Lee J, editors. EKC 2010: Proceedings of the EU-Korea Conference on Science and Technology. Springer Proceedings in Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. p 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Zoology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Indian Boy Born With Three Penises. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/boy-born-three-penises-and-no-anus-successfully-operated/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Important Progress Made, But Much Work Remains to Avoid Disruption of Critical Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenfield D. 2017. Beyond Super Heroes and Talking Animals: Social Justice in Graphic Novels in Education.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2015. A Hurdle to Transparency. New York Times:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Amack and Manning, 2012; DeWeerdt, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Amack and Manning, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Zoology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Zool. A Ecol. Genet. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1932-5223
ISSN (online)1932-5231
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Physiology

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