How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2004). Destressing in the geekosphere. Nature, 427(6971), 268–269.
A journal article with 2 authors
McInerney, J. O., & O’Connell, M. J. (2014). Evolutionary developmental biology: Ghost locus appears. Nature, 514(7524), 570–571.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, N., Tsunenari, T., & Yau, K.-W. (2009). Intrinsic light response of retinal horizontal cells of teleosts. Nature, 460(7257), 899–903.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gaillard, F., Malki, M., Iacono-Marziano, G., Pichavant, M., & Scaillet, B. (2008). Carbonatite melts and electrical conductivity in the asthenosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5906), 1363–1365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Helsel, D. R. (2011). Statistics for Censored Environmental Data Using Minitab® and R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huang, Y. (2014). Geo-disaster Modeling and Analysis: An SPH-based Approach (Z. Dai & W. Zhang, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaxiola, F., Melin, P., & Valdez, F. (2014). Neural Network with Fuzzy Weights Using Type-1 and Type-2 Fuzzy Learning with Gaussian Membership Functions. In O. Castillo, P. Melin, W. Pedrycz, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Recent Advances on Hybrid Approaches for Designing Intelligent Systems (pp. 51–65). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, May 4). Fungi Found In Toxic Lake Produce New Antibiotic. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Preliminary Results of Work on FAA Facility Conditions and Workplace Safety (GAO-13-509R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crooks, R. H. (2012). Analysis Of The XY Spin 1/2 Model In Staggered Field And Networks Of D-Wave Josephson Junctions [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, February 3). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (McInerney & O’Connell, 2014; Powell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McInerney & O’Connell, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Cheng et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gaillard et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1076-898X
ISSN (online)1939-2192
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology

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