How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Aerospace meets biotech. Nature, 429(6988), 223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flannigan, D. J., & Suslick, K. S. (2005). Plasma formation and temperature measurement during single-bubble cavitation. Nature, 434(7029), 52–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Killgore, W. D. S., Olson, E. A., & Weber, M. (2013). Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Scientific Reports, 3, 3457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, H., Zheng, L., Li, X., & Wang, L. (2014). FasL gene -844T/C mutation of esophageal cancer in South China and its clinical significance. Scientific Reports, 4, 3866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris, A. E., Geiger, G., & Fine, H. A. (2011). Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Material Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Damiani, E., Fitzgerald, B., Scacchi, W., Scotto, M., & Succi, G. (Eds.). (2006). Open Source Systems: IFIP Working Group 2.13 Foundation on Open Source Software, June 8–10, 2006, Como, Italy (Vol. 203). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández-Jalvo, Y., & Andrews, P. (2016). Discoloration and Staining. In P. Andrews (Ed.), Atlas of Taphonomic Identifications: 1001+ Images of Fossil and Recent Mammal Bone Modification (pp. 155–166). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 27). NASA Releases Amazing “Dark Spot” Image Of Jupiter As Juno Makes Fifth Flyby. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Contracts Awarded to Aero Spacelines, Inc., for Airlift Outsized Cargo (B-146804). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aldridge, K. N. (2015). The Impact of Improved Teachers’ Classroom Management and Cultural Responsiveness on Student Behavior [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, October 31). David Gergen, Master of THE GAME. New York Times, 664.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Flannigan & Suslick, 2005; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flannigan & Suslick, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Killgore et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1076-898X
ISSN (online)1939-2192
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology

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