How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sudbery, P. (2002). Cell biology. When wee meets whi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 351–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paland, S., & Lynch, M. (2006). Transitions to asexuality result in excess amino acid substitutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5763), 990–992.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mézard, M., Parisi, G., & Zecchina, R. (2002). Analytic and algorithmic solution of random satisfiability problems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 812–815.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wogelius, R. A., Manning, P. L., Barden, H. E., Edwards, N. P., Webb, S. M., Sellers, W. I., Taylor, K. G., Larson, P. L., Dodson, P., You, H., Da-qing, L., & Bergmann, U. (2011). Trace metals as biomarkers for eumelanin pigment in the fossil record. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6049), 1622–1626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nemethy, L. (2011). Business Exit Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Capogna, L. (2007). An Introduction to the Heisenberg Group and the Sub-Riemannian Isoperimetric Problem (S. D. Pauls, D. Danielli, & J. T. Tyson, Eds.; Vol. 259). Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Vittal, V., & Ma, F. (2013). A Hybrid Dynamic Equivalent Using ANN-Based Boundary Matching Technique. In J. H. Chow (Ed.), Power System Coherency and Model Reduction (pp. 91–118). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 27). Thunder God Vine Extract Makes Obese Mice Rapidly Shed The Pounds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Aviation Security: Further Steps Needed to Strengthen the Security of Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls (GAO-04-728). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, S. K. (2017). Dissecting the Disappearing Act: Discussing the Dissipation of Black Male Role Models in Black Communities [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2000, January 4). In Siberia, the World Moves In With Lenin’s Legacy. New York Times, E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sudbery, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Paland & Lynch, 2006; Sudbery, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paland & Lynch, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Mézard et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wogelius et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1076-898X
ISSN (online)1939-2192
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology

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