How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bishop RE (2014) Structural biology: Lipopolysaccharide rolls out the barrel. Nature 511:37–38
A journal article with 2 authors
Bliss T, Schoepfer R (2004) Neuroscience. Controlling the ups and downs of synaptic strength. Science 304:973–974
A journal article with 3 authors
Jop P, Forterre Y, Pouliquen O (2006) A constitutive law for dense granular flows. Nature 441:727–730
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xiao S, Xiao F, Hu Y, et al (2014) Hierarchical nanoporous gold-platinum with heterogeneous interfaces for methanol electrooxidation. Sci Rep 4:4370

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford R, Schüklenk U (2013) 50 Great Myths about Atheism. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Proulx T (ed) (2011) Linking Models and Experiments, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 29th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2011. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Fossorier MPC, Mihaljević MJ, Imai H, et al (2006) An Algorithm for Solving the LPN Problem and Its Application to Security Evaluation of the HB Protocols for RFID Authentication. In: Barua R, Lange T (eds) Progress in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2006: 7th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Kolkata, India, December 11-13, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 48–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Buzz Aldrin Fine After Evacuation From Antarctica, Confirmed As Oldest South Pole Explorer. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/buzz-aldrin-fine-after-evacuation-from-antarctica-confirmed-as-oldest-south-pole-explorer/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Teacher Quality: Survey Results of State Officials on Efforts to Coordinate Teacher Quality Initiatives (GAO-09-594SP, July 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-593. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maldonado JA (2010) Searching for Confirmation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Dueling Frenchwomen Show Signs of a Thaw After Their Chilly Match. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bishop 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bliss and Schoepfer 2004; Bishop 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bliss and Schoepfer 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Orthopaedics
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Orthop.
ISSN (online)2197-1153
Scope

Other styles