How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gühr M. 2012. Chemistry. Getting molecular electrons into motion. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335, 1314–1315.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yamaguchi KE, Ohmoto H. 2006. Comment on ‘Iron isotope constraints on the Archean and Paleoproterozoic ocean redox state’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311, 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Velikov V, Borick S, Angell CA. 2001. The glass transition of water, based on hyperquenching experiments. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294, 2335–2338.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chan P, Lucio-Martinez I, Mo X, Simon C, Tittel W. 2014. Performing private database queries in a real-world environment using a quantum protocol. Scientific reports 4, 5233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martinsen U. 2017. Kostenrechnung in der Bauwirtschaft. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Craig W (Ed.). 2008. Hamiltonian Dynamical Systems and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yadav SS, Stevenson PC, Rizvi AH, Manohar M, Gailing S, Mateljan G. 2007. Uses and Consumption. In: Yadav SS,, In: McNeil DL,, In: Stevenson PC, eds. Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Astronomers Reveal Five Hidden ‘Monster Black Holes’. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Proprietary Schools: Analysis of Comments Received From an Association of Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bolman DB. 2012. Examining the Relationship Between Technology Leadership Behaviors and Project Success.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly JF. 2016. Give and Take on Handlebars. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gühr, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Yamaguchi and Ohmoto, 2006; Gühr, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yamaguchi and Ohmoto, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Botany
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Bot.
ISSN (print)0022-0957
ISSN (online)1460-2431
ScopePlant Science

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