How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toulouse G. 2000. Community groups could show Unesco the way. Nature 405, 394.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long M, Thornton K. 2001. Gene duplication and evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, 1551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chisari FV, Mason WS, Seeger C. 2014. Virology. Comment on ‘Specific and nonhepatotoxic degradation of nuclear hepatitis B virus cccDNA’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344, 1237.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Black BE, Foltz DR, Chakravarthy S, Luger K, Woods VL Jr, Cleveland DW. 2004. Structural determinants for generating centromeric chromatin. Nature 430, 578–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor B. 2005. Effective Environmental, Health, and Safety Management Using the Team Approach. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Corchado JM, Paz JFD, Rocha MP, Fernández Riverola F (Eds.). 2009. 2nd International Workshop on Practical Applications of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (IWPACBB 2008). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Skyrms B. 2006. Discovering “Weight, or the Value of Knowledge”. In: Galavotti MC, ed. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook [2004]. Cambridge and Vienna: Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 55–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Botany.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. Enormous Meteor Caught On Camera In Bangkok. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Cost-Benefit Analysis Used in Support of the Space Shuttle Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alnuaimi AN. 2017. The Outside-In Method for Sustainable Design Within the Built Environment Spatial Layers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. 2000. Player’s Dream Takes a Detour in the Bronx. New York Times, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Toulouse, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Toulouse, 2000; Long and Thornton, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Thornton, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Black et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Botany
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Bot.
ISSN (print)0022-0957
ISSN (online)1460-2431
ScopePlant Science

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