How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. 2010. Diversity: Of beans and genes. Nature 468, S13-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor JRA, Kier WM. 2003. Switching skeletons: hydrostatic support in molting crabs. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behringer DC, Butler MJ, Shields JD. 2006. Ecology: avoidance of disease by social lobsters. Nature 441, 421.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ginsberg J, Mohebbi MH, Patel RS, Brammer L, Smolinski MS, Brilliant L. 2009. Detecting influenza epidemics using search engine query data. Nature 457, 1012–1014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2008. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nijholt A, Romão T, Reidsma D (Eds.). 2012. Advances in Computer Entertainment: 9th International Conference, ACE 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal, November 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Seidel GD, Chatzigeorgiou G, Ren X, Lagoudas DC. 2014. Multiscale Modeling of Multifunctional Fuzzy Fibers Based on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. In: Tserpes KI, Silvestre N, eds. Springer Series in Materials Science. Modeling of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and their Composites. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 135–176.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Enzyme System Helps Boost Exercise Tolerance. Accessed October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Opportunities to Reduce Potential Duplication in Federal Teacher Quality Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farhad K. 2015. Development of a web-based educational resource on the most effective micronutrients in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. 2004. 36 Hours | Portsmouth, N.H. New York Times, F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor and Kier, 2003; Eisenstein, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Kier, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ginsberg et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Botany
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Bot.
ISSN (print)0022-0957
ISSN (online)1460-2431
ScopePlant Science

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