How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Niiler E. 2003. Good neighbours. Nature 426, 690–694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith JL, Sherman DH. 2008. Biochemistry. An enzyme assembly line. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, 1304–1305.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelli DG, Farell B, Moore DC. 2003. The remarkable inefficiency of word recognition. Nature 423, 752–756.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Christopherson KW 2nd, Hangoc G, Mantel CR, Broxmeyer HE. 2004. Modulation of hematopoietic stem cell homing and engraftment by CD26. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305, 1000–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao CL, Narayanamurthy V, Simha KRY. 2016. Applied Impact Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dufrénot G, Jawadi F, Louhichi W (Eds.). 2014. Market Microstructure and Nonlinear Dynamics: Keeping Financial Crisis in Context. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Luenberger DG, Ye Y. 2008. Interior-Point Methods. In: Ye Y, ed. International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Linear and Nonlinear Programming. Boston, MA: Springer US, 111–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Botany.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Quasars Not So Complicated. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Army Reserve Officer Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker T. 2014. Psychoeducational support groups for postadoptive parents: A grant-writing project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2007. Do Ankle Bracelets Work? Here’s One Way to Find Out. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Niiler, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Niiler, 2003; Smith and Sherman, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Sherman, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Christopherson et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Botany
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Bot.
ISSN (print)0022-0957
ISSN (online)1460-2431
ScopePlant Science

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