How to format your references using the Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin G. Astronomy: A Mars-sized exoplanet. Nature 2015;522:290–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Iwao C, Shidoji Y. Induction of nuclear translocation of mutant cytoplasmic p53 by geranylgeranoic acid in a human hepatoma cell line. Sci Rep 2014;4:4419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd RW, Chan KWC, O’Sullivan MN. Physics. Quantum weirdness in the lab. Science 2007;317:1874–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Neumann CA, Krause DS, Carman CV, Das S, Dubey DP, Abraham JL, et al. Essential role for the peroxiredoxin Prdx1 in erythrocyte antioxidant defence and tumour suppression. Nature 2003;424:561–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kerzner H. Project Management 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Cullis AG, Midgley PA, editors. Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials 2007. vol. 120. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Eliashberg Y, Glvental A, Hofer H. Introduction to Symplectic Field Theory. In: Alon N, Bourgain J, Connes A, Gromov M, Milman V, editors. Visions in Mathematics: GAFA 2000 Special volume, Part II, Basel: Birkhäuser; 2010, p. 560–673.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health.

Blog post
Luntz S. Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Are Just Like Office Workers, Study Finds. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Launch Insurance: Weakness in FAA’s Insurance Calculation May Expose the Federal Government to Excess Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fuentez OL. Proposition 21: Juveniles tried as adults. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Dead Heat Controversy Simply Will Not Die. New York Times 2012:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Epidemiology and Global Health
AbbreviationJ. Epidemiol. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2210-6006

Other styles