How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fernald RD (2006) Casting a genetic light on the evolution of eyes. Science 313:1914–1918
A journal article with 2 authors
Jenuwein T, Allis CD (2001) Translating the histone code. Science 293:1074–1080
A journal article with 3 authors
Labidi J, Cartigny P, Moreira M (2013) Non-chondritic sulphur isotope composition of the terrestrial mantle. Nature 501:208–211
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ramachandran GK, Hopson TJ, Rawlett AM, et al (2003) A bond-fluctuation mechanism for stochastic switching in wired molecules. Science 300:1413–1416

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey JS, Mack MD, Fiore LB (2016) Your Anxious Child. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Mintz S (ed) (2014) Accounting for the Public Interest: Perspectives on Accountability, Professionalism and Role in Society. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Walt TVD (2011) The Elephant in the Room. In: Francis DA (ed) Acting on HIV: Using Drama to Create Possibilities for Change. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 55–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Coldest Known Star Discovered Close To Our System. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/coldest-known-star-discovered-close-our-system/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Computer-Based Patient Records: Subcommittee Questions Concerning VA and DOD Efforts to Achieve a Two-Way Exchange of Health Data. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hylton JK (2016) Scatter; Or, A Series or Minor Inconveniences. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2017) On Contraception, It’s Church Over State. New York Times SR10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fernald 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Jenuwein and Allis 2001; Fernald 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jenuwein and Allis 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ramachandran et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Stud. Sci.
ISSN (print)2190-6483
ISSN (online)2190-6491
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles