How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batty M (2008) The size, scale, and shape of cities. Science 319:769–771
A journal article with 2 authors
Sriskantharajah S, Ley SC (2010) Cell biology. Turning off inflammation signaling. Science 327:1093–1094
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng Y, Tanaka S, Poon C-S (2012) Comment on “Universality in the evolution of orientation columns in the visual cortex.” Science 336:413; author reply 413
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Takato N, Bus SJ, Terada H, et al (2004) Detection of a deep 3-microm absorption feature in the spectrum of Amalthea (JV). Science 306:2224–2227

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teodorescu P, Stănescu N-D, Pandrea N (2013) Numerical Analysis with Applications in Mechanics and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gollmann D, Freiling FC (eds) (2012) Information Security: 15th International Conference, ISC 2012, Passau, Germany, September 19-21, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jhanjee S, Pryde A (2015) Generalized Sunder Inequality. In: Bhattacharyya T, Dritschel MA (eds) Operator Algebras and Mathematical Physics: 24th International Workshop in Operator Theory and its Applications, Bangalore, December 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 83–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Was Water Abundant In The Early Universe? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology: FDA Needs to Fully Implement Key Management Practices to Lessen Modernization Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins JJ (2017) Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Ketcham IW (1942) Feel of Child’s Hand Found Way to Restored Confidence. New York Times REVIEW OF THE WEEK EDITORIALSE7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batty 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Batty 2008; Sriskantharajah and Ley 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sriskantharajah and Ley 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Takato et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Stud. Sci.
ISSN (print)2190-6483
ISSN (online)2190-6491
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles