How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris E (2006) Mothers of invention? Nature 442:973
A journal article with 2 authors
Bruick RK, McKnight SL (2002) Transcription. Oxygen sensing gets a second wind. Science 295:807–808
A journal article with 3 authors
Basile-Doelsch I, Meunier JD, Parron C (2005) Another continental pool in the terrestrial silicon cycle. Nature 433:399–402
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu B, Hu X, Xu H, et al (2014) Encapsulation of MnO nanocrystals in electrospun carbon nanofibers as high-performance anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep 4:4229

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiss E, Shadomy HJ, Lyon GM III (2011) Fundamental Medical Mycology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Stoof HTC (2009) Ultracold Quantum Fields. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Gilbert JK, Justi R (2016) Approaches to Modelling-Based Teaching. In: Justi R (ed) Modelling-based Teaching in Science Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Worldwide, Climate Change Is Worse News For Women. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Head Start: Comprehensive Approach to Identifying and Addressing Risks Could Help Prevent Grantee Financial Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ott WH (2017) An Analysis of the Coordinated Implementation of Digitally-Aided Close Air Support: An Integrated Systems Engineering and Test & Evaluation Approach. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) Tarred and Weathered, Cobblestones Are in Trouble. New York Times 147

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marris 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bruick and McKnight 2002; Marris 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bruick and McKnight 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Stud. Sci.
ISSN (print)2190-6483
ISSN (online)2190-6491
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles