How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paszkowski J (2015) Epigenetics: The karma of oil palms. Nature 525:466–467
A journal article with 2 authors
Verger PJP, Boobis AR (2013) Global food supply. Reevaluate pesticides for food security and safety. Science 341:717–718
A journal article with 3 authors
Ranganathan R, Cannon SC, Horvitz HR (2000) MOD-1 is a serotonin-gated chloride channel that modulates locomotory behaviour in C. elegans. Nature 408:470–475
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Quayle WC, Peck LS, Peat H, et al (2002) Extreme responses to climate change in Antarctic lakes. Science 295:645

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Unhelkar B (2005) Verification and Validation for Quality of UML 2.0 Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pathomvanich D, Imagawa K (eds) (2010) Hair Restoration Surgery in Asians. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Ascoli A, Schmidt T, Tetzlaff R, Corinto F (2014) Application of the Volterra Series Paradigm to Memristive Systems. In: Tetzlaff R (ed) Memristors and Memristive Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp 163–191

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Some Species May Be Able To Rapidly Adapt To Environmental Change By Altering Gene Expression. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Telecommunications: Improved Management Can Enhance FCC Decision Making for the Universal Service Fund Low-Income Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sawant KG (2015) A Chemo-Physical Model for Predicting Post Fracking Pressure Buildup in Pierre Shale. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2016) A Timeless Observer. New York Times BR6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paszkowski 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Verger and Boobis 2013; Paszkowski 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Verger and Boobis 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Quayle et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Stud. Sci.
ISSN (print)2190-6483
ISSN (online)2190-6491
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles