How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences (J Environ Stud Sci). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snyder SH (2006) Neuroscience. Adam finds an exciting mate. Science 313:1744–1745
A journal article with 2 authors
Luksza M, Lässig M (2014) A predictive fitness model for influenza. Nature 507:57–61
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim S-B, Imboden M, Mohanty P (2007) Synchronized oscillation in coupled nanomechanical oscillators. Science 316:95–99
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Brack AS, Conboy MJ, Roy S, et al (2007) Increased Wnt signaling during aging alters muscle stem cell fate and increases fibrosis. Science 317:807–810

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xu QA, Madden TL (2011) Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lübken F-J (ed) (2013) Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System (CAWSES): Highlights from a Priority Program. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Amerio L (2011) Almost-Periodic Equations in Hilbert Spaces. In: Amerio L (ed) Equazioni differenziali astratte. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 223–239

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Binary math was used by Polynesians 300 years earlier than Europeans. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/binary-math-was-used-polynesians-300-years-earlier-europeans/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Aviation Safety: FAA’s New Inspection System Offers Promise, but Problems Need to Be Addressed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang Y (2003) Statistical Analysis of cDNA Microarrays: A Systematic Approach to Identify MTF-1 Mediated Gene Expression Profile in Response to Cadmium. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) A Shelter Gets a Cold Shoulder In a “Pastoral” Residential Area. New York Times 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Wojchowski 2011; Canup 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luksza and Lässig 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Saeij et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Stud. Sci.
ISSN (print)2190-6483
ISSN (online)2190-6491
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles