How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. N. Grossman, “PLANETARY SCIENCE: Enhanced: A Meteorite Falls on Ice,” Science, vol. 290, no. 5490, pp. 283–285, Oct. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Indriolo and D. R. Goring, “Plant science. Pollen gets more complex,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6005, pp. 767–768, Nov. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Segawa, M. Yamashita, and K. Nozaki, “Boryllithium: isolation, characterization, and reactivity as a boryl anion,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5796, pp. 113–115, Oct. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
O. Smith, A. Clapham, P. Rose, Y. Liu, J. Wang, and R. G. Allaby, “A complete ancient RNA genome: identification, reconstruction and evolutionary history of archaeological Barley Stripe Mosaic Virus,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4003, Feb. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Liautaud, Breaking Through. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016.
An edited book
R. Sipahi, T. Vyhlídal, S.-I. Niculescu, and P. Pepe, Eds., Time Delay Systems: Methods, Applications and New Trends, vol. 423. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
H. H. Hochmair and C. Rinner, “Investigating the Need for Eliminatory Constraints in the User Interface of Bicycle Route Planners,” in Spatial Information Theory: International Conference, COSIT 2005, Ellicottville, NY, USA, September 14-18, 2005. Proceedings, A. G. Cohn and D. M. Mark, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005, pp. 49–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Our Taste For Meat And Dairy Is Risking Climate Goals,” IFLScience, Dec. 03, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: FAA Management Practices for Technical Training Mostly Effective; Further Actions Could Enhance Results,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-728, Sep. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. P. Rhoads, “Knowledge management practices in U.S. federal agencies: The catalyst for E-Government transformation,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, “Taking Manhattan By Bike, the Russian Way,” New York Times, p. TR2, Sep. 18, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)0018-9251
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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