How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. J. Dyson, “Journal club. A chemist highlights promising organometallic drugs,” Nature, vol. 458, no. 7237, p. 389, Mar. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Brent and J. Bruck, “2020 computing: can computers help to explain biology?,” Nature, vol. 440, no. 7083, pp. 416–417, Mar. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. W. Feldman, R. C. Lewontin, and M.-C. King, “Race: a genetic melting-pot,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6947, p. 374, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Bachtold, P. Hadley, T. Nakanishi, and C. Dekker, “Logic circuits with carbon nanotube transistors,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5545, pp. 1317–1320, Nov. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Leleux, H. van Swaay, and E. Megally, Private Equity 4.0. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
A. Datta, S. Shulman, B. Zheng, S.-D. Lin, A. Sun, and E.-P. Lim, Eds., Social Informatics: Third International Conference, SocInfo 2011, Singapore, October 6-8, 2011. Proceedings, vol. 6984. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6984. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Wolfsberg, W. A. Van Hook, and P. Paneth, “Isotope Effects on Equilibrium Constants of Chemical Reactions; Transition State Theory of Isotope Effects,” in Isotope Effects: in the Chemical, Geological, and Bio Sciences, W. A. Hook, P. Paneth, and L. P. N. Rebelo, Eds., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009, pp. 77–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Cannibalism And Detachable Penises: The Unusual Sex Lives Of The Animal Kingdom,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Time Is Running Out for Federal Agencies to Prepare for the New Millennium,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-AIMD-97-129, Jul. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Wright, “A quantitative study of retirement knowledge among Spring 2009 Arizona high school graduates,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, “Letting Nothing Stop the Streak,” New York Times, p. F3, Nov. 08, 1999.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)0018-9251
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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