How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Pfau, “Atom optics. Continuous progress on atom lasers,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5576, pp. 2155–2156, Jun. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. T. Anderson and D. R. Lovley, “Hexadecane decay by methanogenesis,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6779, pp. 722–723, Apr. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. M. Heiling, M. E. Herberstein, and L. Chittka, “Pollinator attraction: Crab-spiders manipulate flower signals,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6921, p. 334, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. E. McClintock et al., “Mercury’s exosphere: observations during MESSENGER’s First Mercury flyby,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5885, pp. 92–94, Jul. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Jones and J. Burger, Configuring SAP® ERP Financials and Controlling. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
J. Cabestany, F. Sandoval, A. Prieto, and J. M. Corchado, Eds., Bio-Inspired Systems: Computational and Ambient Intelligence: 10th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2009, Salamanca, Spain, June 10-12, 2009. Proceedings, Part I, vol. 5517. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Hustvedt, E. Meier, and T. Waliczek, “The Feasibility of Large-Scale Composting of Waste Wool,” in Green Fashion: Volume 1, S. S. Muthu and M. A. Gardetti, Eds. Singapore: Springer, 2016, pp. 95–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Woman Receives 3D Printed Titanium Skull Implant,” IFLScience, Jun. 08, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: SSA Needs to Address Limitations in Management Controls and Human Capital Planning to Support Modernization Efforts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-308, May 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Panjabi, “Real and imagined immigrant identities in the public sphere: Representations of South Asian women in literary and television media,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
L. Saslow, “Elections Could Shift Power in Nassau,” New York Times, p. 14LI2, Nov. 04, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)0018-9251
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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