How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Zaanen, “Physics. Watching rush hour in the world of electrons,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5817, pp. 1372–1373, Mar. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. W. Kriwacki and M.-K. Yoon, “Cell biology. Fishing in the nuclear pore,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6038, pp. 44–45, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Shao, M. Feng, and X. Zuo, “Carrier-dependent magnetic anisotropy of cobalt doped titanium dioxide,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7496, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. D. Jones, J. O. Farlow, J. A. Ruben, D. M. Henderson, and W. J. Hillenius, “Cursoriality in bipedal archosaurs,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6797, pp. 716–718, Aug. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Chadwick, Person-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
S. L. Young and F. J. Pierce, Eds., Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. K. Soltakhanov, M. P. Yushkov, and S. A. Zegzhda, “The Mixed Problem Of Dynamics. New Class Of Control Problems,” in Mechanics of non-holonomic systems: A New Class of control systems, M. P. Yushkov and S. A. Zegzhda, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 125–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “New Baby Dinosaur Fossil Reveals Cause of Death,” IFLScience, 26-Nov-2013. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Acquisition: Further Changes Needed in FAA’s Management and Budgeting Practices,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-91-159, Jul. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. C. Wright, “The association between rheumatoid arthritis, bone strength, and body composition within the women’s health initiative,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “Behind the White Glasses,” New York Times, p. C13, 20-Apr-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)0018-9251
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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