How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. E. Mann, “CLIMATE CHANGE: Lessons for a New Millennium,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5477, pp. 253–254, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. R. Ridderinkhof and W. P. M. van den Wildenberg, “Neuroscience. Adaptive coding,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5712, pp. 1059–1060, Feb. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. D. Burke, E. M. Berger, and S. L. Schreiber, “Generating diverse skeletons of small molecules combinatorially,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5645, pp. 613–618, Oct. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. J. Anderson et al., “The structure of Mercury’s magnetic field from MESSENGER’s first flyby,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5885, pp. 82–85, Jul. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Schoon, Modern Islamic Banking. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
Y. Sadahiro, Ed., Spatial Data Infrastructure for Urban Regeneration, vol. 5. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Møller, “Norway: Researching Norwegian Principals,” in A Decade of Research on School Principals: Cases from 24 Countries, H. Ärlestig, C. Day, and O. Johansson, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “New Species of Humpback Dolphin Discovered,” IFLScience, Oct. 29, 2013. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “National Airspace System: FAA Has Made Progress but Continues to Face Challenges in Acquiring Major Air Traffic Control Systems,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-331, Jun. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. A. Cornelius, “The value of Scrum to organizations: A case study,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. R. Gordon and E. Schmitt, “Wrestling With North Korea, Trump Finds Perilous Options,” New York Times, p. A1, Aug. 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)0018-9251
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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