How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. R. Sammonds, “Planetary science. Creep and flow on the icy moons of the outer planets,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5765, pp. 1250–1251, Mar. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Otsuki and H. Matsukawa, “Systematic breakdown of Amontons’ law of friction for an elastic object locally obeying Amontons’ law,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1586, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. B. Gauld, J. M. Dal Porto, and J. C. Cambier, “B cell antigen receptor signaling: roles in cell development and disease,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5573, pp. 1641–1642, May 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Soubeyran, K. Kowanetz, I. Szymkiewicz, W. Y. Langdon, and I. Dikic, “Cbl-CIN85-endophilin complex mediates ligand-induced downregulation of EGF receptors,” Nature, vol. 416, no. 6877, pp. 183–187, Mar. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. A. Cayoun, Mindfulness-integrated CBT for Well-being and Personal Growth. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
T. C. Goel, Lymphatic Filariasis. Singapore: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Jiang and Y. Zhou, “Discussion,” in Android Malware, Y. Zhou, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 31–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “SARS Pandemic Originated in Bats,” IFLScience, Nov. 01, 2013. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Tax Policy: Uncertain Impact of Repealing the Deferral for Reinvested Shipping Income,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-90-35, Mar. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. L. Smith, “A Qualitative Study of Veteran Students’ Perspectives of Their Academic Experiences,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. Barry and S. Kishkovsky, “Latest Twist at Bolshoi: Director Is Pushed Out,” New York Times, p. C1, Jul. 10, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst.
ISSN (print)0018-9251
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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