How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pain E. The class of 2005. Spain: a physicist keen to put things in order. Science. 2005;310:520–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Both C, Visser ME. Adjustment to climate change is constrained by arrival date in a long-distance migrant bird. Nature. 2001;411:296–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kaan HYK, Hackney DD, Kozielski F. The structure of the kinesin-1 motor-tail complex reveals the mechanism of autoinhibition. Science. 2011;333:883–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Huismans Y, Rouzée A, Gijsbertsen A, Jungmann JH, Smolkowska AS, Logman PSWM, et al. Time-resolved holography with photoelectrons. Science. 2011;331:61–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fischer DJ, Treister NS, Pinto A. Risk Assessment and Oral Diagnostics in Clinical Dentistry. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Shukla V. Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment. D.k. U, Bajpai R, editors. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Falampin J, Le-Dang H, Leuschel M, Mokrani M, Plagge D. Improving Railway Data Validation with ProB. In: Romanovsky A, Thomas M, editors. Industrial Deployment of System Engineering Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 27–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering.

Blog post
1. Felton J. This Guy Stopped The Biggest Ransomware Attack In History. This Was His Reward .. [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Supply Chain Security: CBP Needs to Conduct Regular Assessments of Its Cargo Targeting System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Oct. Report No.: GAO-13-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mullin Piette AJ. Dialogic encounters among health care providers in pediatric critical care: A qualitative, collective case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Scialabba G. Five Who Shook the World. New York Times. 2017 Jul 17;BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Health Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2052-336X
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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