How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gewin V. In search of the élite. Nature. 2003;426:713–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Robert F, Chaussidon M. A palaeotemperature curve for the Precambrian oceans based on silicon isotopes in cherts. Nature. 2006;443:969–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mignot T, Merlie JP Jr, Zusman DR. Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein. Science. 2005;310:855–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kang T-W, Choi SW, Yang S-R, Shin T-H, Kim H-S, Yu K-R, et al. Growth arrest and forced differentiation of human primary glioblastoma multiforme by a novel small molecule. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5546.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hong G. Causality in a Social World. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Yamada KMT, Winnewisser G, editors. Interstellar Molecules: Their Laboratory and Interstellar Habitat. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kleinbaum DG, Klein M. Statistical Inferences Using Maximum Likelihood Techniques. In: Klein M, editor. Logistic Regression: A Self-Learning Text. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 129–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Your Brain Connections Are As Unique As Your Fingerprint [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/brain-connections-unique-fingerprint/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Reports and Testimony: December 1995. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jan. Report No.: OPA-96-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wong AN. The model minority at risk: Barriers to mental health access for Chinese Americans [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Weiser B, Schwirtz M. Prison Guards Will Not Be Charged in an Inmate’s Death in 2015, Prosecutors Say. New York Times. 2017 Aug 2;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Health Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2052-336X
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Pollution
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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