How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Perkel JM. Annotating the scholarly web. Nature. 2015;528:153–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Verstreken P, Bellen HJ. Neuroscience. The meaning of a mini. Science. 2001;293:443–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alben S, Shelley M, Zhang J. Drag reduction through self-similar bending of a flexible body. Nature. 2002;420:479–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Long J, Huang X, Liao Y, Hu X, Hu J, Lui S, et al. Prediction of post-earthquake depressive and anxiety symptoms: a longitudinal resting-state fMRI study. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jeong H. Architectures for Computer Vision. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Chrisler JC, McCreary DR, editors. Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology: Volume 2: Gender Research in Social and Applied Psychology. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fippel M. Monte Carlo Treatment Planning. In: De Salles AAF, Gorgulho A, Agazaryan N, Slotman B, Selch M, Burwick AJ, et al., editors. Shaped Beam Radiosurgery: State of the Art. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 47–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Third Law Of Thermodynamics Proven By Finding The Maximum Speed Of Cooling. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Advancements Being Pursued to Improve Airliner Cabin Occupant Safety and Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Oct. Report No.: GAO-04-33.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hendricks-Harris MT. Quality Induction: The Effects of Comprehensive Induction on New Teacher Retention and Job Satisfaction [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Packer G. Revolutionary Roads. New York Times. 2015 Jul 5;BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Health Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2052-336X
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles