How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, S. (2008). “Enhanced sensitivity of photodetection via quantum illumination.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5895), 1463–1465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campins, H., and Comfort, C. M. (2014). “Solar system: Evaporating asteroid.” Nature, 505(7484), 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sampson, S. D., Carrano, M. T., and Forster, C. A. (2001). “A bizarre predatory dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar.” Nature, 409(6819), 504–506.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nagalakshmi, U., Wang, Z., Waern, K., Shou, C., Raha, D., Gerstein, M., and Snyder, M. (2008). “The transcriptional landscape of the yeast genome defined by RNA sequencing.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5881), 1344–1349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael, E., Gillian, H., Stefan, K., and Alex, L. (2012). Gramsci. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Buzaneva, E., and Scharff, P. (Eds.). (2005). Frontiers of Multifunctional Integrated Nanosystems. NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Cendón, J. A., Marcos, A. G., Limas, M. C., and Meré, J. O. (2010). “A Multi-agent Data Mining System for Defect Forecasting in a Decentralized Manufacturing Environment.” Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems 2010: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems (CISIS’10), Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, Á. Herrero, E. Corchado, C. Redondo, and Á. Alonso, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). “Parasitic Fungus Infects Cells By Fusing Them Together For Easier Travel.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). National Airspace System: Progress and Ongoing Challenges for the Air Traffic Organization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McPherson, C. A. (2012). “Characterization of the neurogenic microenvironment in the mouse hippocampus following chemical-induced neuronal injury.” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). “Film Series.” New York Times, C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Campins and Comfort 2014; Lloyd 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campins and Comfort 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nagalakshmi et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Eng. (New York)
ISSN (print)0733-9372
ISSN (online)1943-7870
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles