How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. 2005. “Nuts and bolts. Soft skills.” Nature, 435 (7038): 126.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palczewski, K., and P. D. Kiser. 2013. “Biochemistry. As good as chocolate.” Science, 340 (6132): 562–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Worrell, B. T., J. A. Malik, and V. V. Fokin. 2013. “Direct evidence of a dinuclear copper intermediate in Cu(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloadditions.” Science, 340 (6131): 457–460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Norimoto, H., N. Matsumoto, T. Miyawaki, N. Matsuki, and Y. Ikegaya. 2013. “Subicular activation preceding hippocampal ripples in vitro.” Sci. Rep., 3: 2696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maksoud, M. A. 2017. Quick Reference to Dental Implant Surgery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Edge, C. 2010. Enterprise Mac Security: Mac OS X Snow Leopard. (W. Barker, B. Hunter, and G. Sullivan, eds.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Quast, M., M. J. Handel, J.-M. Favre, and J. Estublier. 2013. “Social Information Systems: Agility Without Chaos.” Enterprise Information Systems: 14th International Conference, ICEIS 2012, Wroclaw, Poland, June 28 - July 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, J. Cordeiro, L. A. Maciaszek, and J. Filipe, eds., 55–71. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. “Watching This Video Will Crash Your iPhone.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Assistance Provided for the Construction of Higher Education Academic Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reid, L. N. 2012. “The Unintended Consequences of Narrowing Secondary Curriculum in Response to Low Standardized Test Scores.” Doctoral dissertation. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J. 2017. “Asked to Reduce Prison Rape, Then Accused of Sexual Abuse.” New York Times, May 26, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Koen 2005; Palczewski and Kiser 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palczewski and Kiser 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Norimoto et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Eng. (New York)
ISSN (print)0733-9372
ISSN (online)1943-7870
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles