How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K. S. 2000. “Indian space agency sets its sights on a mission to the Moon.” Nature, 406 (6791): 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lund, S. T., and J. Bohlmann. 2006. “The molecular basis for wine grape quality--a volatile subject.” Science, 311 (5762): 804–805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs, J. P., R. F. Anderson, and S. J. Lehman. 2001. “Glacial surface temperatures of the southeast Atlantic Ocean.” Science, 293 (5537): 2077–2079.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lovering, A. L., L. H. de Castro, D. Lim, and N. C. J. Strynadka. 2007. “Structural insight into the transglycosylation step of bacterial cell-wall biosynthesis.” Science, 315 (5817): 1402–1405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cardon, A., and M. Itmi. 2016. New Autonomous Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nayyeri, K. 2014. Pro ASP.NET SignalR: Real-Time Communication in .NET with SignalR 2.1. (D. White, ed.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Cañada, A., and S. Villegas. 2015. “Systems of Equations.” A Variational Approach to Lyapunov Type Inequalities: From ODEs to PDEs, SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, S. Villegas, ed., 95–118. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2012. “Why We Can’t Spin A Silken Yarn As Strong As A Spider Can.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Special Education: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Address Unique Challenges of Educating Children in Nursing Homes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moris, F. A. 2015. “International Trade in Research and Development Services and the Activity of MNC Subsidiaries.” Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2017. “A Flock of Shylocks Descends ..” New York Times, September 25, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman 2000; Lund and Bohlmann 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lund and Bohlmann 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lovering et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Eng. (New York)
ISSN (print)0733-9372
ISSN (online)1943-7870
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles