How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunten, D. M. 2004. “Atmospheric science. An iron deficiency in polar mesospheric clouds.” Science, 304 (5669): 395–396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, J.-Y., and S. C. Jameson. 2012. “Immunology. Remembering to be tolerant.” Science, 335 (6069): 667–668.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daubin, V., N. A. Moran, and H. Ochman. 2003. “Phylogenetics and the cohesion of bacterial genomes.” Science, 301 (5634): 829–832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kuo, Y.-H., Y. K. Lee, Y. Ge, S. Ren, J. E. Roth, T. I. Kamins, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris. 2005. “Strong quantum-confined Stark effect in germanium quantum-well structures on silicon.” Nature, 437 (7063): 1334–1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S. 2011. Statistical Approach to Wall Turbulence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meyer, K. C., and A. R. Glanville (Eds.). 2013. Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome in Lung Transplantation. Respiratory Medicine. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Flowers, R. 2016. “Deliberate and Emergent Approaches to Practice Development: Lessons Learned from the Australian Environment Movement.” Educating the Deliberate Professional: Preparing for future practices, Professional and Practice-based Learning, F. Trede and C. McEwen, eds., 59–73. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Bedell-Pearce, H. 2017. “Meet The Newborn Sengis Who Are More Like Elephants Than Shrews.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Issues Associated with Midterm Implementation of Capabilities and Full System Transformation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shamsai, M. 2006. “Prefabricated Cage System for Reinforcing Concrete Members.” Doctoral dissertation. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2010. “As Colts Rested, Jets Awoke.” New York Times, January 23, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunten 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hunten 2004; Lee and Jameson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Jameson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuo et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Eng. (New York)
ISSN (print)0733-9372
ISSN (online)1943-7870
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles