How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Khochbin, S. (2000). “Persian role in flowering of Islamic science.” Nature, 405(6782), 14.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kieffer, S. W., and Jakosky, B. M. (2008). “Planetary science. Enceladus--oasis or ice ball?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1432–1433.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lawrence, T., Hageman, T., and Balkwill, F. (2007). “Cancer. Sex, cytokines, and cancer.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5834), 51–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moriyama, S., Brestoff, J. R., Flamar, A.-L., Moeller, J. B., Klose, C. S. N., Rankin, L. C., Yudanin, N. A., Monticelli, L. A., Putzel, G. G., Rodewald, H.-R., and Artis, D. (2018). “β2-adrenergic receptor-mediated negative regulation of group 2 innate lymphoid cell responses.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6379), 1056–1061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder, C. H., Leber, P. A., and Thomsen, M. W. (2010). The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li, P., Silveira, L. M., and Feldmann, P. (Eds.). (2011). Simulation and Verification of Electronic and Biological Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Vetter, T. R. (2011). “Assessment Tools in Pediatric Chronic Pain: Reliability and Validity.” Handbook of Pediatric Chronic Pain: Current Science and Integrative Practice, B. C. McClain and S. Suresh, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 63–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). “Pigeons Can Learn To Recognize Words.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Gray Market Vehicle Program: Extension Warranted, but Improvements in Vehicle Identification Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, C. A. (2010). “Tracking chemistry self-efficacy and achievement in a preparatory chemistry course.” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink, S., Risen, J., and Savage, C. (2017). “New Details of C.I.A. Torture, and a New Clash.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Khochbin 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Khochbin 2000; Kieffer and Jakosky 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kieffer and Jakosky 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Moriyama et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Eng. (New York)
ISSN (print)0733-9372
ISSN (online)1943-7870
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles