How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mi, B. (2014). “Materials science. Graphene oxide membranes for ionic and molecular sieving.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6172), 740–742.
A journal article with 2 authors
Winslow, M. M., and Crabtree, G. R. (2005). “Immunology. Decoding calcium signaling.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rankenburg, K., Brandon, A. D., and Neal, C. R. (2006). “Neodymium isotope evidence for a chondritic composition of the Moon.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1369–1372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cowan, C. A., Atienza, J., Melton, D. A., and Eggan, K. (2005). “Nuclear reprogramming of somatic cells after fusion with human embryonic stem cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5739), 1369–1373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Overhauser, A. (2010). Anomalous Effects in Simple Metals. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Amunts, K., Grandinetti, L., Lippert, T., and Petkov, N. (Eds.). (2016). Brain-Inspired Computing: Second International Workshop, BrainComp 2015, Cetraro, Italy, July 6-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Santana, A. F. L., Alves, C. F., Santos, H. R. M., and de Lima Cavalcanti Felix, A. (2011). “BPM Governance: An Exploratory Study in Public Organizations.” Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 12th International Conference, BPMDS 2011, and 16th International Conference, EMMSAD 2011, held at CAiSE 2011, London, UK, June 20-21, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, T. Halpin, S. Nurcan, J. Krogstie, P. Soffer, E. Proper, R. Schmidt, and I. Bider, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 46–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). “Watch A Blood Moon Eclipse April 4th.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shibata, C. L. (2017). “Building positive body image in adolescent girls: An evaluation of a body image prevention program.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., Stewart, N., and Baker, A. L. (2017). “As Police Seek a Motive, a Killer’s Sister Offers Her Perspective.” New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mi 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mi 2014; Winslow and Crabtree 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Winslow and Crabtree 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Cowan et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Eng. (New York)
ISSN (print)0733-9372
ISSN (online)1943-7870
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles