How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Storage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Storage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Mallet, Hybrid speciation, Nature. 446 (2007) 279–283.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Hwang, J. Sheen, Two-component circuitry in Arabidopsis cytokinin signal transduction, Nature. 413 (2001) 383–389.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.D. Schreiber, L.J. Old, M.J. Smyth, Cancer immunoediting: integrating immunity’s roles in cancer suppression and promotion, Science. 331 (2011) 1565–1570.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E.M. Leitch, J.M. Kovac, C. Pryke, J.E. Carlstrom, N.W. Halverson, W.L. Holzapfel, M. Dragovan, B. Reddall, E.S. Sandberg, Measurement of polarization with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer, Nature. 420 (2002) 763–771.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Shahidi, Balanced Asset Allocation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
V. Oreopoulou, W. Russ, eds., Utilization of By-Products and Treatment of Waste in the Food Industry, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Cellier, T. Charnois, M. Plantevit, B. Crémilleux, Recursive Sequence Mining to Discover Named Entity Relations, in: P.R. Cohen, N.M. Adams, M.R. Berthold (Eds.), Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis IX: 9th International Symposium, IDA 2010, Tucson, AZ, USA, May 19-21, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 30–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Storage.

Blog post
E. Andrew, First Deep Ice Core Samples Are Being Drilled At South Pole, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, APHIS: Solid Wood Packing Material From China, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.G. Bontrager, Characterization and Applications for A Polymerized DiaCEST Contrast Agent, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Leg Injury May End Season for Cespedes, New York Times. (2017) D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Storage
AbbreviationJ. Energy Storage
ISSN (print)2352-152X

Other styles