How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Storage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Storage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.N. Germain, William E. Paul (1936-2015), Nature. 526 (2015) 324.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Pienitz, W.F. Vincent, Effect of climate change relative to ozone depletion on UV exposure in subarctic lakes, Nature. 404 (2000) 484–487.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.E. White, D.M. Coppola, D. Fitzpatrick, The contribution of sensory experience to the maturation of orientation selectivity in ferret visual cortex, Nature. 411 (2001) 1049–1052.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B.D. Bax, P.F. Chan, D.S. Eggleston, A. Fosberry, D.R. Gentry, F. Gorrec, I. Giordano, M.M. Hann, A. Hennessy, M. Hibbs, J. Huang, E. Jones, J. Jones, K.K. Brown, C.J. Lewis, E.W. May, M.R. Saunders, O. Singh, C.E. Spitzfaden, C. Shen, A. Shillings, A.J. Theobald, A. Wohlkonig, N.D. Pearson, M.N. Gwynn, Type IIA topoisomerase inhibition by a new class of antibacterial agents, Nature. 466 (2010) 935–940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T.R. Bielecki, D. Brigo, F. Patras, Credit Risk Frontiers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
U. Schmidt, S. Traub, eds., Advances in Public Economics: Utility, Choice and Welfare: A Festschrift for Christian Seidl, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Sinnig, M. Wurdel, P. Forbrig, P. Chalin, F. Khendek, Practical Extensions for Task Models, in: M. Winckler, H. Johnson, P. Palanque (Eds.), Task Models and Diagrams for User Interface Design: 6th International Workshop, TAMODIA 2007, Toulouse, France, November 7-9, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 42–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Storage.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Drinking Coffee Is Good For Your Heart, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, District of Columbia Public Schools: Implementation and Sustainability of Reform Efforts Could Benefit From Enhanced Planning, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Johnson, Service learning: Providing the building blocks for a socially responsible nursing role, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Mueller, A.L. Baker, Police Officer Is ‘Murdered for Her Uniform’ at Post in the Bronx, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Storage
AbbreviationJ. Energy Storage
ISSN (print)2352-152X

Other styles