How to format your references using the Biology and Fertility of Soils citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biology and Fertility of Soils. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D (2003) Ministers back gene-crop advisers. Nature 421:775
A journal article with 2 authors
Indriolo E, Goring DR (2010) Plant science. Pollen gets more complex. Science 330:767–768
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuan X, Xiao S, Taylor TN (2005) Lichen-like symbiosis 600 million years ago. Science 308:1017–1020
A journal article with 5 or more authors
He J, Ma L, Kim S, et al (2008) Encoding gender and individual information in the mouse vomeronasal organ. Science 320:535–538

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doyle JF (2005) Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Duval A, Van Rompuy B (eds) (2016) The Legacy of Bosman: Revisiting the Relationship Between EU Law and Sport. T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou C, Feng X, Lin D (2011) The Initialization Stage Analysis of ZUC v1.5. In: Lin D, Tsudik G, Wang X (eds) Cryptology and Network Security: 10th International Conference, CANS 2011, Sanya, China, December 10-12, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 40–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biology and Fertility of Soils.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Surfing Seal Will Make Your Day. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Securities and Exchange Commission: Greater Attention Is Needed to Enhance Communication and Utilization of Resources in the Division of Enforcement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carman SB (2013) Leadership style and church attendance: An ex post facto study of Churches of Christ in Texas. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Sing a Song of Face Creams. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2003; Indriolo and Goring 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Indriolo and Goring 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiology and Fertility of Soils
AbbreviationBiol. Fertil. Soils
ISSN (print)0178-2762
ISSN (online)1432-0789
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Microbiology

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