How to format your references using the Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson, A., 2000. EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY: Getting More Out of Space. Science 290, 1287b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deuss, A., Woodhouse, J., 2001. Seismic observations of splitting of the mid-transition zone discontinuity in Earth’s mantle. Science 294, 354–357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaaret, P., Simet, M.G., Lang, C.C., 2006. The orbital period of the ultraluminous x-ray source in M82. Science 311, 491.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujioka, K., Shibata, A., Yokota, T., Koda, T., Nagasaka, M., Yagi, M., Takeshima, Y., Yamada, H., Iijima, K., Morioka, I., 2014. Association of a vascular endothelial growth factor polymorphism with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in Japanese premature newborns. Sci. Rep. 4, 4459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camman, C., Fiore, C., Livolsi, L., Querro, P., 2017. Supply Chain Management and Business Performance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ohtsu, M. (Ed.), 2011. Progress in Nanophotonics 1, Nano-Optics and Nanophotonics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Neumayer, M., Zangl, H., Watzenig, D., Fuchs, A., 2011. Current Reconstruction Algorithms in Electrical Capacitance Tomography, in: Mukhopadhyay, S.C., Lay-Ekuakille, A., Fuchs, Anton (Eds.), New Developments and Applications in Sensing Technology, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Health Warning: Five Fashion Trends That are Terrible For You [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Space Shuttle: Follow-up Evaluation of NASA’s Solid Rocket Motor Procurement (No. NSIAD-89-89). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoffmann, M., 2015. An exploratory study: Mobile device use for academics (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sanger, D.E., Mazzetti, M., Hubbard, B., 2016. Errant Strike Impairs Effort to Calm Syria. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Deuss and Woodhouse, 2001; Watson, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deuss and Woodhouse, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujioka et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology
ISSN (print)2314-7172

Other styles