How to format your references using the Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kessin, R.H., 2010. Microbiology. Sex and sacrifice. Science 330, 1487–1488.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morone, F., Makse, H.A., 2015. Influence maximization in complex networks through optimal percolation. Nature 524, 65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thompson, R.J., Zhou, N., MacVicar, B.A., 2006. Ischemia opens neuronal gap junction hemichannels. Science 312, 924–927.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, J., Liu, Y.-S., Zhu, W.-X., Zhang, F.-Q., Zhou, Z.-H., 2014. Olanzapine-induced weight gain plays a key role in the potential cardiovascular risk: evidence from heart rate variability analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 7394.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumer, P.D., 2005. Mathematical Journeys. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rossitto, C., Ciolfi, L., Martin, D., Conein, B. (Eds.), 2014. COOP 2014 - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on the Design of Cooperative Systems, 27-30 May 2014, Nice (France). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, S.-H., Bao, Y., Horan, E., Kim, M., Cohen, A.S., 2015. Gauss–Hermite Quadrature in Marginal Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Item Parameters, in: van der Ark, L.A., Bolt, D.M., Wang, W.-C., Douglas, J.A., Chow, S.-M. (Eds.), Quantitative Psychology Research: The 79th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Madison, Wisconsin, 2014, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. What 5 Popular Drugs Including Weed And Booze Do To Your Body And Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Commercial Space Launches: FAA Should Update How It Assesses Federal Liability Risk (No. GAO-12-899). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sripinit, T., 2012. How Much Do We Understand About Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy? (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., Shear, M.D., 2017. Shifting Tone, President Saves Dark Words for a Faith’s Fringe. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kessin, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kessin, 2010; Morone and Makse, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morone and Makse, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology
ISSN (print)2314-7172

Other styles