How to format your references using the Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henrich, J., 2004. Animal behaviour: inequity aversion in capuchins? Nature 428, 139; discussion 140.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pallen, M.J., Wren, B.W., 2007. Bacterial pathogenomics. Nature 449, 835–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyko, F., Ramsahoye, B.H., Jaenisch, R., 2000. DNA methylation in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 408, 538–540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, J., Li, C., Wang, W.-Q., Shen, H.-W., Li, G., Cheng, X.-Q., 2014. Temporal scaling in information propagation. Sci. Rep. 4, 5334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bobrow, J., Fisher, S., Mondragon-Gilmore, J., Casson, A., Orton, P.Z., Nathan, H.D., Jones, J., Hays, J., Kohn, E., Christinson, J., Sekeres, K., Swovelin, B., Di Pietro, R., Crowder, G., Spence, M., Gilmore, P., 2009. CliffsNotes® CSET®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Marle, F., 2016. Managing Complex, High Risk Projects: A Guide to Basic and Advanced Project Management. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Dorey, P., Garnett, M., 2016. Public Sector Reform, in: Garnett, M. (Ed.), The British Coalition Government, 2010-2015: A Marriage of Inconvenience. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 83–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Earliest Case of Leprosy in the UK Found in 1,500-Year-Old Skeleton [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Food and Drug Administration: Effect of User Fees on Drug Approval Times, Withdrawals, and Other Agency Activities (No. GAO-02-958). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, K., 2010. An explicative model of leisure-time physical activities among church-going African Americans in Indianapolis (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Woods’s Downfall As Gripping As His Reign. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henrich, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Henrich, 2004, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pallen and Wren, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology
ISSN (print)2314-7172

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