How to format your references using the Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petley, D.N., 2013. Geophysics. Characterizing giant landslides. Science 339, 1395–1396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, M.L., Yang, F., 2014. Size effect model on kinetics of interfacial reaction between Sn-xAg-yCu solders and Cu substrate. Sci. Rep. 4, 7117.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suma, K., Sumiyoshi, Y., Endo, Y., 2006. The rotational spectrum of the water-hydroperoxy radical (H2O-HO2) complex. Science 311, 1278–1281.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kato, H.E., Kim, Y.S., Paggi, J.M., Evans, K.E., Allen, W.E., Richardson, C., Inoue, K., Ito, S., Ramakrishnan, C., Fenno, L.E., Yamashita, K., Hilger, D., Lee, S.Y., Berndt, A., Shen, K., Kandori, H., Dror, R.O., Kobilka, B.K., Deisseroth, K., 2018. Structural mechanisms of selectivity and gating in anion channelrhodopsins. Nature 561, 349–354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bejan, A., 2016. Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Calmet, J., Ida, T., Wang, D. (Eds.), 2006. Artificial Intelligence and Symbolic Computation: 8th International Conference, AISC 2006 Beijing, China, September 20-22, 2006 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Escoffier, B., Monnot, J., Paschos, V.T., Xiao, M., 2012. New Results on Polynomial Inapproximability and Fixed Parameter Approximability of edge dominating set, in: Thilikos, D.M., Woeginger, G.J. (Eds.), Parameterized and Exact Computation: 7th International Symposium, IPEC 2012, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 12-14, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Ancient Hippo-Sized Mammal Was A Suction Feeder [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Strategic Bombers: Issues Related to the B-1B Aircraft Program (No. T-NSIAD-91-11). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, S., 2009. Semiconductor and metal oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, physical properties and industrial application (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. For Aching Knees, a Longer Walk May Be in Store. New York Times 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petley, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Huang and Yang, 2014; Petley, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huang and Yang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kato et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology
ISSN (print)2314-7172

Other styles