How to format your references using the Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landsea, C.W., 2005. Meteorology: hurricanes and global warming. Nature 438, E11-2; discussion E13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Micchelli, C.A., Perrimon, N., 2006. Evidence that stem cells reside in the adult Drosophila midgut epithelium. Nature 439, 475–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Branch, T.A., Hively, D.J., Hilborn, R., 2013. Is the ocean food provision index biased? Nature 495, E5-6; discussion E7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, J., Heo, Y.-U., Nattestad, A., Sun, Z., Wang, L., Kim, J.H., Dou, S.X., 2014. 3D hierarchical rutile TiO2 and metal-free organic sensitizer producing dye-sensitized solar cells 8.6% conversion efficiency. Sci. Rep. 4, 5769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armaroli, N., Balzani, V., Serpone, N., 2013. Powering Planet Earth. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Adams, J.P., Bell, D., McKinlay, J. (Eds.), 2010. Neurocritical Care: A Guide to Practical Management, Competency-Based Critical Care. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin, T.A., 2007. Tight junctions and metastasis of breast cancer, in: Mansel, R.E., Fodstad, O., Jiang, W.G. (Eds.), Metastasis of Breast Cancer, Cancer Metastasis – Biology and Treatment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 77–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. National Geographic’s Nature Photographer Of The Year Winners Are As Awesome As Ever [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Aviation Security: Progress Made, but Challenges Persist in Meeting the Screening Mandate for Air Cargo (No. GAO-11-413T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koonin, L.M., 2013. Acceptability of pharmacies serving as primary dispensers of antiviral drugs during an influenza pandemic: Perspectives of pharmacy executives (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Returning to Broadway on Heavier Wings. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Landsea, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Landsea, 2005; Micchelli and Perrimon, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Micchelli and Perrimon, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology
ISSN (print)2314-7172

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