How to format your references using the Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., 2012. Come into the light. Nature 483, S38-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jin, J., MacMillan, D.W.C., 2015. Alcohols as alkylating agents in heteroarene C-H functionalization. Nature 525, 87–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkovich, G., Fouxon, A., Stepanov, M.G., 2002. Acceleration of rain initiation by cloud turbulence. Nature 419, 151–154.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu, W.-K., Liu, X.-F., Yao, X.-R., Wang, C., Zhai, Y., Zhai, G.-J., 2014. Complementary compressive imaging for the telescopic system. Sci. Rep. 4, 5834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, T., Andrews, G.J., Cummins, S., Greenhough, B., Lewis, D., Power, A., 2017. Health Geographies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tay, L.Y., Lim, C.P. (Eds.), 2013. Creating Holistic Technology-Enhanced Learning Experiences: Tales from a Future School in Singapore. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Preis, T., Moat, H.S., 2015. Early Signs of Financial Market Moves Reflected by Google Searches, in: Gonçalves, B., Perra, N. (Eds.), Social Phenomena: From Data Analysis to Models. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 85–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Wary Of Human-Animal Hybrids? It’s Probably Just Your Own Moral Superiority [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Aviation Security: Registered Traveler Program Policy and Implementation Issues (No. GAO-03-253). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prosky, J., 2012. Meisner and the problem of character (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2016. Off ‘The Real World,’ a Relationship Endures. New York Times ST19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Jin and MacMillan, 2015; Savage, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jin and MacMillan, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology
ISSN (print)2314-7172

Other styles