How to format your references using the Journal of Elasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Elasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E.: Getting on the fast-track to full-time employment. Nature. 432, 254–255 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson, P., Hanahan, D.: Cancer. Breaching the cancer fortress. Science. 324, 1400–1401 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg, N.S., Garner, S.R., Hau, L.V.: Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics. Nature. 445, 623–626 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Levison, H.F., Morbidelli, A., Dones, L., Jedicke, R., Wiegert, P.A., Bottke, W.F., Jr: The mass disruption of Oort cloud comets. Science. 296, 2212–2215 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laster, B.: Professional Git®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA (2016)
An edited book
Baveye, P.C., Laba, M., Mysiak, J. eds: Uncertainties in Environmental Modelling and Consequences for Policy Making. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Meijnen, P., Peterse, J.L., van de Vijver, M.J.: DCIS: Pathology and Molecular Markers. In: Piccart, M.J., Hung, M.-C., Solin, L.J., Cardoso, F., and Wood, W.C. (eds.) Breast Cancer and Molecular Medicine. pp. 97–123. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Elasticity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Orbital Antares Rocket Lifts Off Two Years After Disastrous Explosion,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Automated Patent System: Information on PTO’s Program to Automate Patent Information and Processes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne, L.G.: The experience of caring for women with drug or alcohol problems in the general hospital, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly, D.A.: Video Catching Up to Photos When It Comes to Sharing, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Elasticity
AbbreviationJ. Elast.
ISSN (print)0374-3535
ISSN (online)1573-2681
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles