How to format your references using the Journal of Elasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Elasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingrich, N.: SCIENCE PRIORITIES: An Opportunities-Based Science Budget. Science. 290, 1303 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mezbahul-Islam, M., Medraj, M.: Phase equilibrium in Mg-Cu-Y. Sci. Rep. 3, 3033 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hare, T.A., Camerer, C.F., Rangel, A.: Self-control in decision-making involves modulation of the vmPFC valuation system. Science. 324, 646–648 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hallam, S.J., Putnam, N., Preston, C.M., Detter, J.C., Rokhsar, D., Richardson, P.M., DeLong, E.F.: Reverse methanogenesis: testing the hypothesis with environmental genomics. Science. 305, 1457–1462 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunter, D.A.: A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Longuski, J.M.: Optimal Control with Aerospace Applications. Springer, New York, NY (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Fankhauser, P., Hutter, M.: A Universal Grid Map Library: Implementation and Use Case for Rough Terrain Navigation. In: Koubaa, A. (ed.) Robot Operating System (ROS): The Complete Reference (Volume 1). pp. 99–120. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Elasticity.

Blog post
Evans, K.: How AI Will Affect Urban Life In 2030, According To Scientists,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Higher Education: A Small Percentage of Families Save in 529 Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crane, C.C.: A Qualitative Study on the Preferred Working Environment of Southern California Secondary Teachers with Experience in Both a District Traditional School and a District Charter School, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N.: Russia’s Government Does Little as H.I.V. Cases Surpass a Million, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Elasticity
AbbreviationJ. Elast.
ISSN (print)0374-3535
ISSN (online)1573-2681
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles