How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Policy Reform citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Policy Reform. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, Richard A. 2005. “Biomedicine. The Anti-Aging Sweepstakes: Catalase Runs for the ROSes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5730): 1875–1876.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lohmann, Ulrike, and Glen Lesins. 2002. “Stronger Constraints on the Anthropogenic Indirect Aerosol Effect.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5595): 1012–1015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gung, Yuancheng, Mark Panning, and Barbara Romanowicz. 2003. “Global Anisotropy and the Thickness of Continents.” Nature 422 (6933): 707–711.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Roper, Cally, Richard Pearce, Shalini Nair, Brian Sharp, François Nosten, and Tim Anderson. 2004. “Intercontinental Spread of Pyrimethamine-Resistant Malaria.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5687): 1124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, Ammar. 2012. Fracture Mechanics 1. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Guy, Tatiana V., Miroslav Kárný, and David H. Wolpert, eds. 2015. Decision Making: Uncertainty, Imperfection, Deliberation and Scalability. Vol. 538. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dizon, Eusebio Z. 2016. “Underwater Archaeology of the San Diego a 1600 Spanish Galleon in the Philippines.” In Early Navigation in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Maritime Archaeological Perspective, edited by Chunming Wu, 91–102. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Policy Reform.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “10 Science Facts We Still Get Wrong.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Space Station: Status of Efforts to Determine Commercial Potential. NSIAD-99-153R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borchardt, Gregory M. 2013. “Making D.C. Democracy’s Capital: Local Activism, the ‘Federal State’, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, Michael M. 2017. “Kelly Presses Conspiracy Theorist in Edited Interview.” New York Times, June 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Miller 2005; Lohmann and Lesins 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lohmann and Lesins 2002)
  • Three authors: (Gung, Panning, and Romanowicz 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Roper et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Policy Reform
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Pol. Reform
ISSN (print)1748-7870
ISSN (online)1748-7889
ScopeBusiness and International Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles