How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Policy Reform citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Policy Reform. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shiflet, Gary. 2003. “Materials Science. The More Elements, the Merrier.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5618): 443–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoeller, Daniela, and Ivan Dikic. 2009. “Targeting the Ubiquitin System in Cancer Therapy.” Nature 458 (7237): 438–444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson, Iain M., Ravi Ranjan, and Thomas L. Schwarz. 2002. “Synaptotagmins I and IV Promote Transmitter Release Independently of Ca(2+) Binding in the C(2)A Domain.” Nature 418 (6895): 336–340.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dong, Min, Venkatesan Kathiresan, Michael K. Fenwick, Andrew T. Torelli, Yang Zhang, Jonathan D. Caranto, Boris Dzikovski, et al. 2018. “Organometallic and Radical Intermediates Reveal Mechanism of Diphthamide Biosynthesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6381): 1247–1250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ergül, Özgür, and Levent Gürel. 2014. The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm (MLFMA) for Solving Large-Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abidi, Khalid. 2015. Advanced Discrete-Time Control: Designs and Applications. Edited by Jian-Xin Xu. Vol. 23. Studies in Systems, Decision and Control. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barkalov, Alexander, and Larysa Titarenko. 2008. “Synthesis of Compositional Microprogram Control Units with Object Transformation.” In Logic Synthesis for Compositional Microprogram Control Units, edited by Alexander Barkalov and Larysa Titarenko, 137–157. Lecture Notes Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Policy Reform.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “If We Find ET, Don’t Talk To It, Says The Man Who Wants To Find ET.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility. GAO-15-158. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, Abril N. 2017. “Deadly Force: Perceptions of Police and Exploration of Strategies Used by African American Mothers to Protect Their Sons.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2016. “That Padres Pitcher, She’s Got a Mean Screwball.” New York Times, September 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shiflet 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Shiflet 2003; Hoeller and Dikic 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoeller and Dikic 2009)
  • Three authors: (Robinson, Ranjan, and Schwarz 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Dong et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Policy Reform
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Pol. Reform
ISSN (print)1748-7870
ISSN (online)1748-7889
ScopeBusiness and International Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles