How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Policy Reform citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Policy Reform. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta, Nader. 2007. “Circuits with Light at Nanoscales: Optical Nanocircuits Inspired by Metamaterials.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5845): 1698–1702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arnold, Kate, and Klaus Zuberbühler. 2006. “Language Evolution: Semantic Combinations in Primate Calls.” Nature 441 (7091): 303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thompson, Jeffrey K., Matthew R. Peterson, and Ralph D. Freeman. 2003. “Single-Neuron Activity and Tissue Oxygenation in the Cerebral Cortex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5609): 1070–1072.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Evans, P. G., E. D. Isaacs, G. Aeppli, Z. Cai, and B. Lai. 2002. “X-Ray Microdiffraction Images of Antiferromagnetic Domain Evolution in Chromium.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5557): 1042–1045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiss, Errol, H. Jean Shadomy, and G. Marshall Lyon III. 2011. Fundamental Medical Mycology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bouvry, Pascal, Mieczysław A. Kłopotek, Franck Leprévost, Małgorzata Marciniak, Agnieszka Mykowiecka, and Henryk Rybiński, eds. 2012. Security and Intelligent Information Systems: International Joint Conferences, SIIS 2011, Warsaw, Poland, June 13-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 7053. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wan, Zhijiang, Yishan He, Ming Hao, Jian Yang, and Ning Zhong. 2016. “An Automatic Neuron Tracing Method Based on Mean Shift and Minimum Spanning Tree.” In Brain Informatics and Health: International Conference, BIH 2016, Omaha, NE, USA, October 13-16, 2016 Proceedings, edited by Giorgio A. Ascoli, Michael Hawrylycz, Hesham Ali, Deepak Khazanchi, and Yong Shi, 34–41. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Policy Reform.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Scientists Plan to Spy on Sharks Using Camera Traps.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Challenges of Protecting Personal Information in an Expanding Federal Computer Network Environment. LCD-76-102. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, Carrie Dawn. 2010. “Migration: Lighting to Evoke Human Responses.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben. 2017. “Hezbollah Wields Rising Power as Iran’s Enforcer.” New York Times, August 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engheta 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Engheta 2007; Arnold and Zuberbühler 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arnold and Zuberbühler 2006)
  • Three authors: (Thompson, Peterson, and Freeman 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Evans et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Policy Reform
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Pol. Reform
ISSN (print)1748-7870
ISSN (online)1748-7889
ScopeBusiness and International Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles