How to format your references using the Clinical Pharmacokinetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Pharmacokinetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ghahramani Z. Probabilistic machine learning and artificial intelligence. Nature. 2015;521:452–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Faden RR, Karron RA. Public health and biosecurity. The obligation to prevent the next dual-use controversy. Science. 2012;335:802–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Julsgaard B, Kozhekin A, Polzik ES. Experimental long-lived entanglement of two macroscopic objects. Nature. 2001;413:400–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Okeoma CM, Lovsin N, Peterlin BM, Ross SR. APOBEC3 inhibits mouse mammary tumour virus replication in vivo. Nature. 2007;445:927–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Banks D. An Introduction to Thermogeology: Ground Source Heating and Cooling. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1. Saravacos G. Handbook of Food Processing Equipment. 2nd ed. 2016. Kostaropoulos AE, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jones K, Mackrell K, Stevenson I. Designing Digital Technologies and Learning Activities for Different Geometries. In: Hoyles C, Lagrange J-B, editors. Mathematics Education and Technology-Rethinking the Terrain: The 17th ICMI Study. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Pharmacokinetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Pandas Cope With Their Bamboo Diet by Being Lazy. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: The Federal Enterprise Architecture and Agencies’ Enterprise Architectures Are Still Maturing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 May. Report No.: GAO-04-798T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Prima MB. Waiting for Lefty: Adversity and the American Dream [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets Form Dream Infield, for a Chiropractor. New York Times. 2017 Feb 27;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Pharmacokinetics
AbbreviationClin. Pharmacokinet.
ISSN (print)0312-5963
ISSN (online)1179-1926
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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