How to format your references using the Clinical Pharmacokinetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Pharmacokinetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crow JF. The beanbag lives on. Nature. 2001;409:771.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Drakesmith H, Prentice AM. Hepcidin and the iron-infection axis. Science. 2012;338:768–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Palm NW, Rosenstein RK, Medzhitov R. Allergic host defences. Nature. 2012;484:465–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hill RW, Proust C, Taillefer L, Fournier P, Greene RL. Breakdown of Fermi-liquid theory in a copper-oxide superconductor. Nature. 2001;414:711–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rossiter A. Professional Excellence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1. Hutson JM. The Surgical Examination of Children. 2nd ed. 2013. Beasley SW, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bristow T. Affective Edgelands: Wildness, History, and Technology in Britain’s Postindustrial and Postnatural Topographies. In: Tally RT, Battista CM, editors. Ecocriticism and Geocriticism: Overlapping Territories in Environmental and Spatial Literary Studies. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Pharmacokinetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How Some Parasites Can End Up In Your Eye And Turn You Blind [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-some-parasites-can-end-your-eye-and-turn-you-blind/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Vehicle Safety: Technologies, Challenges, and Research and Development Expenditures for Advanced Air Bags. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jun. Report No.: GAO-01-596.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Voss J. Supported housing program for severely mentally ill homeless individuals: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shear MD, Liptak A. Taking Up Case, Justices Let U.S. Start Travel Ban. New York Times. 2017 Jun 26;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Pharmacokinetics
AbbreviationClin. Pharmacokinet.
ISSN (print)0312-5963
ISSN (online)1179-1926
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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