How to format your references using the Journal of Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.M.W. Slack, Origin of stem cells in organogenesis, Science. 322 (2008) 1498–1501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Z. Reches, D.A. Lockner, Fault weakening and earthquake instability by powder lubrication, Nature. 467 (2010) 452–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.K. Morewedge, Y.E. Huh, J. Vosgerau, Thought for food: imagined consumption reduces actual consumption, Science. 330 (2010) 1530–1533.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.A. Lubowich, J.M. Pasachoff, T.J. Balonek, T.J. Millar, C. Tremonti, H. Roberts, R.P. Galloway, Deuterium in the Galactic Centre as a result of recent infall of low-metallicity gas, Nature. 405 (2000) 1025–1027.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Held, Virtual Private Networking, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
J. Nin, D. Villatoro, eds., Citizen in Sensor Networks: First International Workshop, CitiSens 2012, Montpellier, France, August 27, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Bogdanovic, Solidarity Principle as a System Tool for Mitigation of Flood Impacts, in: M. Hefnawy (Ed.), Advances in Food Protection: Focus on Food Safety and Defense, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011: pp. 49–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dentistry.

Blog post
B. Taub, Evidence Suggests Missing Students In Mexico Were Not Incinerated By A Drug Cartel, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.A. Garatli, What are the necessary skills for leading an online business in Saudi Arabia?, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Conte, Scouting Report, New York Times. (2011) E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dentistry
AbbreviationJ. Dent.
ISSN (print)0300-5712
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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