How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sifers RN. Medicine. Clearing conformational disease. Science. 2010 Jul 9;329(5988):154–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Grewal SIS, Elgin SCR. Transcription and RNA interference in the formation of heterochromatin. Nature. 2007 May 24;447(7143):399–406.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gerber LR, Hyrenbach KD, Zacharias MA. Ecology. Do the largest protected areas conserve whales or whalers? Science. 2005 Jan 28;307(5709):525–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Duncan RR, Greaves J, Wiegand UK, Matskevich I, Bodammer G, Apps DK, et al. Functional and spatial segregation of secretory vesicle pools according to vesicle age. Nature. 2003 Mar 13;422(6928):176–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Petrucelli JR, Peters JR. Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Aramaki M, Derrien O, Kronland-Martinet R, Ystad S, editors. Sound, Music, and Motion: 10th International Symposium, CMMR 2013, Marseille, France, October 15-18, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XIV, 684 p. 287 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8905).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brecht IB, Merks JHM. Biology and Etiology of Rare Pediatric Tumors. In: Schneider DT, Brecht IB, Olson TA, Ferrari A, editors. Rare Tumors In Children and Adolescents. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 63–7. (Pediatric Oncology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Education.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Watch a Gorilla Reunite With The Man Who Raised Him [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-gorilla-reuniting-man-who-raised-him/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. School Improvement Grants: Early Implementation Under Way, but Reforms Affected by Short Time Frames. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Jul. Report No.: GAO-11-741.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gao H. Extracting Key Features for Analysis and Recognition in Computer Vision [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Dodgers Prevail in a Pitchers’ Duel That Wasn’t. New York Times. 2016 Oct 8;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Education
AbbreviationJ. Dent. Educ.
ISSN (print)0022-0337
ISSN (online)1930-7837
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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