How to format your references using the Journal of Data and Information Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Data and Information Quality (JDIQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyce Rensberger. 2009. Science journalism: Too close for comfort. Nature 459, 7250 (June 2009), 1055–1056.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamil Boratay Alici and Ignacio F. Gallardo. 2013. Detecting secondary structure and surface orientation of helical peptide monolayers from resonant hybridization signals. Sci. Rep. 3, (October 2013), 2956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ho-Hyun Nahm, C. H. Park, and Yong-Sung Kim. 2014. Bistability of hydrogen in ZnO: origin of doping limit and persistent photoconductivity. Sci. Rep. 4, (February 2014), 4124.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stefano Ambrogio, Pritish Narayanan, Hsinyu Tsai, Robert M. Shelby, Irem Boybat, Carmelo di Nolfo, Severin Sidler, Massimo Giordano, Martina Bodini, Nathan C. P. Farinha, Benjamin Killeen, Christina Cheng, Yassine Jaoudi, and Geoffrey W. Burr. 2018. Equivalent-accuracy accelerated neural-network training using analogue memory. Nature 558, 7708 (June 2018), 60–67.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Patrice Langlois. 2013. Simulation of Complex Systems in GIS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shigeru Watanabe and Stan Kuczaj (Eds.). 2013. Emotions of Animals and Humans: Comparative Perspectives. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Boubaker Thabet, Abderraouf Laajimi, Chokri Thabet, and Moncef Bensaïd. 2015. Agricultural and Food Policies in Tunisia: From a Seemingly Solid Performance to Unsustainable Revealed Achievements. In Sustainable Agricultural Development: Challenges and Approaches in Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries, Michel Petit, Etienne Montaigne, Fatima El Hadad-Gauthier, José María García Álvarez-Coque, Konstadinos Mattas and Samir Mili (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Data and Information Quality.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Spiders Create Graphene-Infused Super Webs. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Transportation Infrastructure: Issues for Congressional Consideration During Reauthorization of Surface Transportation Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu Cao. 2006. Morphological and Functional Characterization of the Neurotransmitter GABA in Adult Rat Taste Buds. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Greenhouse. 2008. JUSTICES, RULING 5-4, ENDORSE PERSONAL RIGHT TO OWN GUN. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Data and Information Quality
AbbreviationACM J. Data Inf. Qual.
ISSN (print)1936-1955
ISSN (online)1936-1963
ScopeInformation Systems
Information Systems and Management

Other styles