How to format your references using the Journal of Data and Information Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Data and Information Quality (JDIQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hans Clevers. 2015. STEM CELLS. What is an adult stem cell? Science 350, 6266 (December 2015), 1319–1320.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Chittka and S. Schürkens. 2001. Successful invasion of a floral market. Nature 411, 6838 (June 2001), 653.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Lyko, B. H. Ramsahoye, and R. Jaenisch. 2000. DNA methylation in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 408, 6812 (November 2000), 538–540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Batrakov, P. Kuzhir, S. Maksimenko, A. Paddubskaya, S. Voronovich, Ph Lambin, T. Kaplas, and Yu Svirko. 2014. Flexible transparent graphene/polymer multilayers for efficient electromagnetic field absorption. Sci. Rep. 4, (November 2014), 7191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noripah Kamso and Tsu Mae Ng. 2013. Investing in Islamic Funds. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Eoin Carey. 2005. Millimeter-Wave Integrated Circuits. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Efthymia Kitraki. 2014. BPA Effects In Vivo: Evidence from Animal Studies. In Plastics in Dentistry and Estrogenicity: A Guide to Safe Practice, Theodore Eliades and George Eliades (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 89–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Data and Information Quality.

Blog post
Chris Carpineti. 2016. NASA Just Released Some Seriously Cool Videos Of Fire In Microgravity. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Head Start: Research Insufficient to Assess Program Impact. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsuan-Chih Lin. 2013. Depression screening in ambulatory care. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Williams Walsh. 2017. False Rumors Are Flying About Insurance Claims. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Data and Information Quality
AbbreviationACM J. Data Inf. Qual.
ISSN (print)1936-1955
ISSN (online)1936-1963
ScopeInformation Systems
Information Systems and Management

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