How to format your references using the Journal of Data and Information Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Data and Information Quality (JDIQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas W. Geisbert. 2014. Medical research: Ebola therapy protects severely ill monkeys. Nature 514, 7520 (October 2014), 41–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. D. Egbert and R. D. Ray. 2000. Significant dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred from satellite altimeter data. Nature 405, 6788 (June 2000), 775–778.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Pozzi, T. Di Matteo, and T. Aste. 2013. Spread of risk across financial markets: better to invest in the peripheries. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 1665.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Farid El Gabaly, Wai Li W. Ling, Kevin F. McCarty, and Juan de la Figuera. 2005. The importance of threading dislocations on the motion of domain boundaries in thin films. Science 308, 5726 (May 2005), 1303–1305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richard F. Dods. 2013. Understanding Diabetes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pedro Olivares-Tirado. 2014. Trends and Factors in Japan’s Long-Term Care Insurance System: Japan’s 10-year Experience. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Jens F. Acker, Benjamin Berkels, Kristian Bredies, Mamadou S. Diallo, Marc Droske, Christoph S. Garbe, Matthias Holschneider, Jaroslav Hron, Claudia Kondermann, Michail Kulesh, Peter Maass, Nadine Olischläger, Heinz-Otto Peitgen, Tobias Preusser, Martin Rumpf, Karl Schaller, Frank Scherbaum, and Stefan Turek. 2008. Inverse Problems and Parameter Identification in Image Processing. In Mathematical Methods in Signal Processing and Digital Image Analysis, Rainer Dahlhaus, Jürgen Kurths, Peter Maass and Jens Timmer (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 111–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Data and Information Quality.

Blog post
Josh Davis. 2016. One In Ten UK Species At Threat Of Extinction. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1969. Administration and Control of Procurement and Utilization of Automatic Data Processing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarah Elizabeth Larson. 2014. A case of rational irrationality: Evidence of expressive interest bias in state e-commerce sales and use tax legislation. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly Feeney. 2009. Potpies You Can Pocket. New York Times, NJ7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Data and Information Quality
AbbreviationACM J. Data Inf. Qual.
ISSN (print)1936-1955
ISSN (online)1936-1963
ScopeInformation Systems
Information Systems and Management

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