How to format your references using the Journal of Data and Information Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Data and Information Quality (JDIQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evan Mills. 2005. Environment. The specter of fuel-based lighting. Science 308, 5726 (May 2005), 1263–1264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vincent A. A. Jansen and Minus van Baalen. 2006. Altruism through beard chromodynamics. Nature 440, 7084 (March 2006), 663–666.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. W. Rouse, S. K. Goffredi, and R. C. Vrijenhoek. 2004. Osedax: bone-eating marine worms with dwarf males. Science 305, 5684 (July 2004), 668–671.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clara S. Chan, Gelsomina De Stasio, Susan A. Welch, Marco Girasole, Bradley H. Frazer, Maria V. Nesterova, Sirine Fakra, and Jillian F. Banfield. 2004. Microbial polysaccharides template assembly of nanocrystal fibers. Science 303, 5664 (March 2004), 1656–1658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul D. Stein. 2016. Pulmonary Embolism. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lee Babin, Nathan A. Good, Frank M. Kromann, and Jon Stephens (Eds.). 2005. PHP 5 Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. A-Press, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Buck. 2014. Patient Treatment. In PNF in Practice: An Illustrated Guide, Dominiek Beckers and Math Buck (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 53–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Data and Information Quality.

Blog post
Jonathan O`Callaghan. 2017. Bloodhound Supersonic 1,000mph Car To Be Driven For The First Time In October. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Grant Monitoring: Department of Education Could Improve Its Processes with Greater Focus on Assessing Risks, Acquiring Financial Skills, and Sharing Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
William A. Watson. 2010. Middle school students’ experiences on a science museum field trip as Preparation for Future Learning. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Hubbard. 2017. Missile Strike Signals a New Reality in Syria for Friends and Foes Alike. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Data and Information Quality
AbbreviationACM J. Data Inf. Qual.
ISSN (print)1936-1955
ISSN (online)1936-1963
ScopeInformation Systems
Information Systems and Management

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