How to format your references using the Journal of Data and Information Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Data and Information Quality (JDIQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dan S. Tawfik. 2006. Biochemistry. Loop grafting and the origins of enzyme species. Science 311, 5760 (January 2006), 475–476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Valentino Bianco and Giancarlo Franzese. 2014. Critical behavior of a water monolayer under hydrophobic confinement. Sci. Rep. 4, (April 2014), 4440.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Lyko, B. H. Ramsahoye, and R. Jaenisch. 2000. DNA methylation in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 408, 6812 (November 2000), 538–540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sotiria Palioura, R. Lynn Sherrer, Thomas A. Steitz, Dieter Söll, and Miljan Simonovic. 2009. The human SepSecS-tRNASec complex reveals the mechanism of selenocysteine formation. Science 325, 5938 (July 2009), 321–325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mahmoud Mansour, Ray Wilhite, and Joe Rowe. 2017. Guide to Ruminant Anatomy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mendel Friedman and Don Mottram (Eds.). 2005. Chemistry and Safety of Acrylamide in Food. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Luís Roberto Barroso. 2016. Reason Without Vote: The Representative and Majoritarian Function of Constitutional Courts. In Democratizing Constitutional Law: Perspectives on Legal Theory and the Legitimacy of Constitutionalism, Thomas Bustamante and Bernardo Gonçalves Fernandes (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 71–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Data and Information Quality.

Blog post
Tom Hale. 2016. Somebody Has Found Another “Giant Spoon” On Mars. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Overseas Allowances: Improvements Needed in Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emily Ann Blicha. 2015. Music therapy program for older adults: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
John Hodgman. 2016. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Data and Information Quality
AbbreviationACM J. Data Inf. Qual.
ISSN (print)1936-1955
ISSN (online)1936-1963
ScopeInformation Systems
Information Systems and Management

Other styles