How to format your references using the Journal of Data and Information Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Data and Information Quality (JDIQ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schiermeier. 2000. Review panel assails Brussels research bureaucracy. Nature 406, 6794 (July 2000), 336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheila M. Palmer and Charles T. Driscoll. 2002. Acidic deposition: decline in mobilization of toxic aluminium. Nature 417, 6886 (May 2002), 242–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anna Lappala, Alessio Zaccone, and Eugene M. Terentjev. 2013. Ratcheted diffusion transport through crowded nanochannels. Sci. Rep. 3, (October 2013), 3103.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sándalo Roldán-Vargas, Frank Smallenburg, Walter Kob, and Francesco Sciortino. 2013. Gelling by heating. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 2451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
David Bertolo. 2016. Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tomayess Issa, Pedro Isaias, and Piet Kommers (Eds.). 2016. Social Networking and Education: Global Perspectives (1st ed. 2016 ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Luisa Costa Sousa, Catarina F. Castro, and Carlos Conceição António. 2012. Blood Flow Simulation and Applications. In Technologies for Medical Sciences, Renato M. Natal Jorge, João Manuel R. S. Tavares, Marcos Pinotti Barbosa and A. P. Slade (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 67–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Data and Information Quality.

Blog post
Tom Hale. 2017. Worker Wasps Will Look For Another Nest Unless Their Boss Improves Working Conditions. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Juana Canul Reich. 2010. An iterative feature perturbation method for gene selection from microarray data. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Saslow. 2008. Jones Beach Tower Set for Restoration. New York Times, LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Data and Information Quality
AbbreviationACM J. Data Inf. Qual.
ISSN (print)1936-1955
ISSN (online)1936-1963
ScopeInformation Systems
Information Systems and Management

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