How to format your references using the Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stone M: OPTICS. Topology, spin, and light. Science 348: 1432–1433, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Webb J and Domanski M: Paleontology. Fire and stone. Science 325: 820–821, 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
McCormick MI, Watson S-A and Munday PL: Ocean acidification reverses competition for space as habitats degrade. Sci Rep 3: 3280, 2013.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Zhang M, Wang C, Otto TD, et al.: Uncovering the essential genes of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum by saturation mutagenesis. Science 360, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Edelstein LN and Waehler CA: What Do I Say? John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
1.
Murgante B, Gervasi O, Iglesias A, Taniar D and Apduhan BO: Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011: International Conference, Santander, Spain, June 20-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Manente M, Minghetti V and Mingotto E: The Analysis of European Reporting Systems for Responsible Tourism and CSR. In: Responsible Tourism and CSR: Assessment Systems for Sustainable Development of SMEs in Tourism. Minghetti V and Mingotto E (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp33–98, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S: Hubble Has Photographed A Giant Among Giants. IFLScience, 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: Enhanced Requirements Can Improve Commuter Pilot Training. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Prochorchik VL: Increasing infant mental health awareness., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B and Schmitt E: Saudi Official Who Fell From View Is Promoted. New York Times: A6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Therapeutic Medicine
AbbreviationExp. Ther. Med.
ISSN (print)1792-0981
ISSN (online)1792-1015
ScopeCancer Research
Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)
General Medicine

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