How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows, J. (2015). Microbiology: Malaria runs rings round artemisinin. Nature, 520(7549), 628–630.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lippman, Z., & Martienssen, R. (2004). The role of RNA interference in heterochromatic silencing. Nature, 431(7006), 364–370.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brosco, V., Ying, Z.-J., & Lorenzana, J. (2013). Exact exchange-correlation potential of an ionic Hubbard model with a free surface. Scientific reports, 3, 2172.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, Z.-H., Shi, Y., Tibbetts, R. S., & Miyamoto, S. (2006). Molecular linkage between the kinase ATM and NF-kappaB signaling in response to genotoxic stimuli. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5764), 1141–1146.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stegmann, J. P. (2009). Strategic Value Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Watkins, R. G., III, & Watkins, R. G., IV (Eds.). (2015). Surgical Approaches to the Spine (3rd ed. 2015.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kunifuji, S., Kato, N., & Wierzbicki, A. P. (2007). Creativity Support in Brainstorming. In A. P. Wierzbicki & Y. Nakamori (Eds.), Creative Environments: Issues of Creativity Support for the Knowledge Civilization Age (pp. 93–126). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 10). 3D Cancer Vaccine Recruits Infection-Fighting Cells. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Continue to Invest in Smart Card Technology (No. GAO-04-948). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yendes, D. L. (2010). Remnants of Life (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2009, March 15). Big Breaks on Unpaid Parking Tickets, for a Limited Time Only. New York Times, p. LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burrows 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows 2015; Lippman and Martienssen 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lippman and Martienssen 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economics
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)0885-2545
ISSN (online)1573-6997
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles