How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zerhouni, E. (2003). Embryonic stem cells. Stem cell programs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5621), 911–912.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, L., & Karin, M. (2001). Mammalian MAP kinase signalling cascades. Nature, 410(6824), 37–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bergmann, D. C., Lukowitz, W., & Somerville, C. R. (2004). Stomatal development and pattern controlled by a MAPKK kinase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5676), 1494–1497.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pors, A., Albrektsen, O., Radko, I. P., & Bozhevolnyi, S. I. (2013). Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light. Scientific reports, 3, 2155.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley, W., & Pamela, B. (2017). The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nishimura, Y., & Komaki, R. (Eds.). (2015). Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy: Clinical Evidence and Techniques. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Cropper, A., & Muggleton, S. H. (2015). Logical Minimisation of Meta-Rules Within Meta-Interpretive Learning. In J. Davis & J. Ramon (Eds.), Inductive Logic Programming: 24th International Conference, ILP 2014, Nancy, France, September 14-16, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 62–75). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 20). Two New Sub-Atomic Particles Discovered at CERN. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Administration of Certain Allowances and Differentials Paid to Civilian Employees Located Overseas (No. 093007). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kao, C. H. (2012). Community mental health care for Chinese Americans: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Surico, J. (2017, February 13). Queens Woman Killed in Attack by Her Dog. New York Times, p. A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zerhouni 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Chang and Karin 2001; Zerhouni 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang and Karin 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Pors et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economics
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)0885-2545
ISSN (online)1573-6997
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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