How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000). Inadequate optics “threat to US laser facility.” Nature, 403(6766), 120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellman, I., & Clausen, B. E. (2010). Immunology. Beta-catenin balances immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 767–769.
A journal article with 3 authors
Djuranovic, S., Nahvi, A., & Green, R. (2011). A parsimonious model for gene regulation by miRNAs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6017), 550–553.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Daw, N. D., O’Doherty, J. P., Dayan, P., Seymour, B., & Dolan, R. J. (2006). Cortical substrates for exploratory decisions in humans. Nature, 441(7095), 876–879.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goudon, T. (2016). Mathematics for Modeling and Scientific Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barker, G., Desjardins, E., & Pearce, T. (Eds.). (2014). Entangled Life: Organism and Environment in the Biological and Social Sciences (Vol. 4). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hutson, J. M. (2012). Abnormal Embryology in DSD. In J. M. Hutson, G. L. Warne, & S. R. Grover (Eds.), Disorders of Sex Development: An Integrated Approach to Management (pp. 41–52). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 26). Unusual Organic Molecule Discovered At The Heart Of The Milky Way. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Update on the Readiness of the Social Security Administration (No. T-AIMD-99-90). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, V. J. (2015). A study of the perceptions of first-year teachers as prepared classroom teachers (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, August 5). As Plans for Marsh Dry Up, Park’s Neighbors Complain. New York Times, p. 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2000; Mellman and Clausen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mellman and Clausen 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Daw et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economics
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)0885-2545
ISSN (online)1573-6997
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles