How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erwin, D. H. (2015). RETROSPECTIVE. Eric Davidson (1937-2015). Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6260), 517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tegmark, M., & Bostrom, N. (2005). Astrophysics: is a doomsday catastrophe likely? Nature, 438(7069), 754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kingon, A. I., Maria, J. P., & Streiffer, S. K. (2000). Alternative dielectrics to silicon dioxide for memory and logic devices. Nature, 406(6799), 1032–1038.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Busino, L., Donzelli, M., Chiesa, M., Guardavaccaro, D., Ganoth, D., Dorrello, N. V., et al. (2003). Degradation of Cdc25A by beta-TrCP during S phase and in response to DNA damage. Nature, 426(6962), 87–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell, G. (2005). The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jameson, J. H., & Eogan, J. (Eds.). (2013). Training and Practice for Modern Day Archaeologists (Vol. 1). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Viscusi, G., Batini, C., & Mecella, M. (2010). State Reconstruction. In C. Batini & M. Mecella (Eds.), Information Systems for eGovernment: A Quality-of-Service Perspective (pp. 75–98). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 17). How To Capture An Asteroid – And Why We Should Go To Such Trouble. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Four South Carolina Communities (No. T-RCED-99-117). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blasdel, E. S. (2010). A phenomenological study of barriers for women in federal law enforcement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, J. (2016, March 16). Republicans’ Path Recalls a Democratic Disaster at the Garden, in 1924. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Erwin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Erwin 2015; Tegmark and Bostrom 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tegmark and Bostrom 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Busino et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economics
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)0885-2545
ISSN (online)1573-6997
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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