How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landis, G. A. (2000). Avatars in space. Nature, 403(6772), 833.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dijk, D.-J., & Skeldon, A. C. (2015). Biological rhythms: Human sleep before the industrial era. Nature, 527(7577), 176–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joseph, A. C., Joseph, S. E., & Chen, G. (2014). Cross-border portfolio investment networks and indicators for financial crises. Scientific reports, 4, 3991.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ireland, T. R., Holden, P., Norman, M. D., & Clarke, J. (2006). Isotopic enhancements of 17O and 18O from solar wind particles in the lunar regolith. Nature, 440(7085), 776–778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox, H. C., Higgins, M. C., & Owens, D. K. (2013). Medical Decision Making. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Caporarello, L., Di Martino, B., & Martinez, M. (Eds.). (2014). Smart Organizations and Smart Artifacts: Fostering Interaction Between People, Technologies and Processes (Vol. 7). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Daneshzand, F., & Shoeleh, R. (2009). Multifacility Location Problem. In R. Zanjirani Farahani & M. Hekmatfar (Eds.), Facility Location: Concepts, Models, Algorithms and Case Studies (pp. 69–92). Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, October 28). Your Cat’s Fur Color Is Linked To Its Aggressiveness. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1969). Education Allowance Grants Made to Trust Territory Government Employees (No. 092692). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edmonds, J. L. (2009). Mobility and population change in northeast Mississippi: An object-based seriation of projectile points as a relative paleodemographic indicator (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., & Morris, W. (2017, January 11). August Wilson: Then. Now. Forever? New York Times, p. AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Landis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dijk and Skeldon 2015; Landis 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dijk and Skeldon 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ireland et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economics
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)0885-2545
ISSN (online)1573-6997
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles