How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economics (J Cult Econ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheung, F. (2011). Modern TCM: Enter the clinic. Nature, 480(7378), S94-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shao, Z., & Vollrath, F. (2002). Surprising strength of silkworm silk. Nature, 418(6899), 741.
A journal article with 3 authors
Religa, T. L., Sprangers, R., & Kay, L. E. (2010). Dynamic regulation of archaeal proteasome gate opening as studied by TROSY NMR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5974), 98–102.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tacconi, L. J., Genzel, R., Neri, R., Cox, P., Cooper, M. C., Shapiro, K., et al. (2010). High molecular gas fractions in normal massive star-forming galaxies in the young Universe. Nature, 463(7282), 781–784.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fencott, C., Lockyer, M., Clay, J., & Massey, P. (2012). Game Invaders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yoshimura, T., Nishikawa, T., & Homma, H. (Eds.). (2016). D-Amino Acids: Physiology, Metabolism, and Application. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Lutter, S., & Makinen, T. (2014). Regulation of Lymphatic Vasculature by Extracellular Matrix. In F. Kiefer & S. Schulte-Merker (Eds.), Developmental Aspects of the Lymphatic Vascular System (pp. 55–65). Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, June 6). Images Appear To Show Broken Heroin Needles Stuck In Patient’s Neck. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Telecommunications: National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services (No. RCED-89-193). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaplan, J. W. (2014). Not a sonata: A conception of Sonata-Allegro form and a consideration of two marimba works from a Langerian perspective (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008, May 31). Investors in Russian Gas Venture Clash. New York Times, p. C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd 2000; Reichhardt 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shao and Vollrath 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Simpson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economics
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)0885-2545
ISSN (online)1573-6997
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles