How to format your references using the Journal of Cultural Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cultural Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winzeler, E. A. (2008). Malaria research in the post-genomic era. Nature, 455(7214), 751–756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman, M. T., & Churchland, A. K. (2013). Cognitive neuroscience: sensory noise drives bad decisions. Nature, 496(7444), 172–173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karunadasa, H. I., Chang, C. J., & Long, J. R. (2010). A molecular molybdenum-oxo catalyst for generating hydrogen from water. Nature, 464(7293), 1329–1333.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hanna, J., Saha, K., Pando, B., van Zon, J., Lengner, C. J., Creyghton, M. P., et al. (2009). Direct cell reprogramming is a stochastic process amenable to acceleration. Nature, 462(7273), 595–601.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D. (2008). Parris’s Standard Form of Building Contract. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Prins, H. H. T., & Langevelde, F. V. (Eds.). (2008). Resource Ecology: Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Foraging (Vol. 23). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Neidig, J. (2013). Hardware Requirements for Digital Product Memories. In W. Wahlster (Ed.), SemProM: Foundations of Semantic Product Memories for the Internet of Things (pp. 59–72). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cultural Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, September 18). Will Samsung Reveal The First Foldable Smartphone In 2016? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology (No. RCED-93-155). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sawant, K. G. (2015). A Chemo-Physical Model for Predicting Post Fracking Pressure Buildup in Pierre Shale (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, January 14). Suffolk Seeks Ways to Ease School Taxes. New York Times, p. 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Winzeler 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kaufman and Churchland 2013; Winzeler 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaufman and Churchland 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hanna et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cultural Economics
AbbreviationJ. Cult. Econ.
ISSN (print)0885-2545
ISSN (online)1573-6997
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles