How to format your references using the Journal of Criminal Justice Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Criminal Justice Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delft, J. (2000). MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS: Quantum Dots as Tunable Kondo Impurities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5487), 2064–2065.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zaccolo, M., & Pozzan, T. (2002). Discrete microdomains with high concentration of cAMP in stimulated rat neonatal cardiac myocytes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5560), 1711–1715.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakatsuji, S., Kiyohara, N., & Higo, T. (2015). Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature. Nature, 527(7577), 212–215.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, W., ten Berge, D., Brown, J., Ahn, S., Hu, L. A., Miller, W. E., Caron, M. G., Barak, L. S., Nusse, R., & Lefkowitz, R. J. (2003). Dishevelled 2 recruits beta-arrestin 2 to mediate Wnt5A-stimulated endocytosis of Frizzled 4. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5638), 1391–1394.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Han, C. C., & Akcasu, A. Z. (2011). Scattering and Dynamics of Polymers. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Wiley, R. G., & Lappi, D. A. (Eds.). (2005). Molecular Neurosurgery With Targeted Toxins. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Haughton, D., McLaughlin, M.-D., Mentzer, K., & Zhang, C. (2015). Movie Attendance and Trends. In M.-D. McLaughlin, K. Mentzer, & C. Zhang (Eds.), Movie Analytics: A Hollywood Introduction to Big Data (pp. 25–36). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 23). To Breathe, Immature Beetles Flex Their Abs Like Belly Dancers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Space Shuttle: External Tank Procurement Does Not Comply With Competition in Contracting Act (NSIAD-89-62). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laskey, E. (2013). Plasma glucagon during development of insulin resistance among healthy individuals [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, July 29). Lead Story. New York Times, ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delft, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Delft, 2000; Zaccolo & Pozzan, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zaccolo & Pozzan, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Nakatsuji et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Criminal Justice Education
AbbreviationJ. Crim. Justice Educ.
ISSN (print)1051-1253
ISSN (online)1745-9117

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