How to format your references using the Journal of Criminal Justice Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Criminal Justice Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Normile, D. (2000). AGRICULTURE: Variety Spices Up Chinese Rice Yields. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5482), 1122b–1123b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mervis, J., & Holden, C. (2004). Great expectations on the job front. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5678), 1829.
A journal article with 3 authors
McMichael, A. J., Butler, C. D., & Folke, C. (2003). New visions for addressing sustainability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1919–1920.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, S.-H., Hung, W.-C., Wang, P., Paul, C., & Konstantopoulos, K. (2013). Mesothelin binding to CA125/MUC16 promotes pancreatic cancer cell motility and invasion via MMP-7 activation. Scientific Reports, 3, 1870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storhas, W. (2013). Bioverfahrensentwicklung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Burt, S., & Añorve, D. A. (Eds.). (2016). Global Perspectives on US Democratization Efforts: From the Outside In. Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bunt, H. (2007). Semantic Underspecification: Which Technique For What Purpose? In H. Bunt & R. Muskens (Eds.), Computing Meaning (pp. 55–85). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 29). Branched Chain Amino Acids Levels Spike Years Before Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Highway Trust Fund: Revenue Sources, Uses, and Spending Controls (RCED-92-48FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lincoln, J. J. (2010). Creating a lesson that addresses gender differences in physics testing a specific instructional technique in college level physics education [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, September 20). On Tap: Beer and Conversation. New York Times, NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Normile, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mervis & Holden, 2004; Normile, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mervis & Holden, 2004)
  • Three authors: (McMichael et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Criminal Justice Education
AbbreviationJ. Crim. Justice Educ.
ISSN (print)1051-1253
ISSN (online)1745-9117

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