How to format your references using the Journal of Criminal Justice Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Criminal Justice Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Darnovsky, M. (2013). A slippery slope to human germline modification. Nature, 499(7457), 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leathers, M. L., & Olson, C. R. (2012). In monkeys making value-based decisions, LIP neurons encode cue salience and not action value. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 132–135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiser, J., Chiu, C., & Weliky, M. (2004). Small modulation of ongoing cortical dynamics by sensory input during natural vision. Nature, 431(7008), 573–578.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lin, J.-F., Wu, J., Zhu, J., Mao, Z., Said, A. H., Leu, B. M., … Zhou, J. (2014). Abnormal elastic and vibrational behaviors of magnetite at high pressures. Scientific Reports, 4, 6282.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stacey, W. M. (2010). Fusion. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Yadav, B. S., & Mohan, M. (Eds.). (2011). Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Anton, C. (2011). An Improved Satisfiable SAT Generator Based on Random Subgraph Isomorphism. In C. Butz & P. Lingras (Eds.), Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 24th Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2011, St. John’s, Canada, May 25-27, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 44–49). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 1). Running Cures Blindness In Mice. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/running-cures-blindness-mice/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Disposable Glassware for Laboratory Work (No. 092114). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer, T. H. (2008). Removal of natural organic matter by anion exchange: Multiscale experimentation and mathematical modeling (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2011, May 27). First Strokes To Becoming Aquaman. New York Times, p. C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Darnovsky, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Darnovsky, 2013; Leathers & Olson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leathers & Olson, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Fiser, Chiu, & Weliky, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Criminal Justice Education
AbbreviationJ. Crim. Justice Educ.
ISSN (print)1051-1253
ISSN (online)1745-9117
ScopeEducation
Law

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