How to format your references using the Journal of Criminal Justice Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Criminal Justice Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stöhr, K. (2010). Vaccinate before the next pandemic? Nature, 465(7295), 161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goff, S. A., & Klee, H. J. (2006). Plant volatile compounds: sensory cues for health and nutritional value? Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 815–819.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depège, N., Bellafiore, S., & Rochaix, J.-D. (2003). Role of chloroplast protein kinase Stt7 in LHCII phosphorylation and state transition in Chlamydomonas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5612), 1572–1575.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xiao, F., Zong, Q., Su, Z., Yang, C., He, Z., Wang, Y., & Gao, Z. (2013). Determining the mechanism of cusp proton aurora. Scientific Reports, 3, 1654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, M., & Cutler, T. J. (2012). Haematology Nursing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Watson, L. W., & Woods, C. S. (Eds.). (2011). Go Where You Belong: Male Teachers as Cultural Workers in the Lives of Children, Families, and Communities (Vol. 67). SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbat, J. J. (2015). Qualitative and Quantitative Coronary Angiography. In A. E. Abbas (Ed.), Interventional Cardiology Imaging: An Essential Guide (pp. 47–74). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). How We Found The Source Of The Mystery Signals At The Dish. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Need for a National Weather Modification Reseach Program (B-133202). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsome, G. A. (2009). Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Valerian, S. (2013, November 6). The Long-Running Man. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stöhr, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Goff & Klee, 2006; Stöhr, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goff & Klee, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Depège et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Criminal Justice Education
AbbreviationJ. Crim. Justice Educ.
ISSN (print)1051-1253
ISSN (online)1745-9117

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