How to format your references using the Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Triendl R. Back to basics. Nature. 2002;420:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
de Groot BL, Grubmüller H. Water permeation across biological membranes: mechanism and dynamics of aquaporin-1 and GlpF. Science. 2001;294:2353–2357.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Antonioni A, Sanchez A, Tomassini M. Global information and mobility support coordination among humans. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6458.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
White SR, Sottos NR, Geubelle PH, et al. Autonomic healing of polymer composites. Nature. 2001;409:794–797.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gutiérrez Í, Meléndez J, Hernández E. Design and Characterization of Integrated Varactors for RF Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Akhmediev N, Ankiewicz A, editors. Dissipative Solitons. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hughes GRV, Sangle S. Kidney. In: Hughes GRV, Sangle S, editors. Clinician’s Manual on Lupus. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2012. p. 23–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. A Dolphin Photographed Wearing A T-Shirt Worries Australian Wildlife Rangers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/a-dolphin-photographed-wearing-a-tshirt-worries-australian-wildlife-rangers/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Vulnerability of the Computer Society. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976. Report No.: 100059. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Cai S. 3D Numerical Modeling of Dry/Wet Contact Mechanics for Rough, Multilayered Elastic-Plastic Solid Surfaces and Effects of Hydrophilicity/Hydrophobicity During Separation with Applications [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. Ex-Fox Hosts Engage in Feud On Settlement. New York Times. 2017 Oct 23;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Cardiovasc. Ther.
ISSN (print)1477-9072
ISSN (online)1744-8344
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

Other styles