How to format your references using the Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchner JW. Evolutionary speed limits inferred from the fossil record. Nature. 2002;415:65–68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cook-Andersen H, Wilkinson MF. Molecular biology: Splicing does the two-step. Nature. 2015;521:300–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wallace K, Hardy G, Serabyn E. Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars. Nature. 2000;406:700–702.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gottesman MM, Shmookler SR, Oppenheimer SB, et al. Math and science education: training the teachers. Science. 2000;290:273b.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Orford J. Addiction Dilemmas. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Vincent J-L, editor. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
LeHew CW. Challenges in Community-Based Head and Neck Cancer Prevention Programs. In: Radosevich JA, editor. Head & Neck Cancer: Current Perspectives, Advances, and Challenges. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 73–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. SpaceX Just Nailed Its Fifth Landing After Another Successful Launch [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP, IRM & Telecommunications 1986. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987. Report No.: IMTEC-87-18. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bremond DS. When women win: Prominent leadership traits that contributed to the successful election of women in California [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum WK, Craig S, Kaplan T. Inquiry Is Said to Aim at Chief of State Senate. New York Times. 2015 Apr 16;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Cardiovasc. Ther.
ISSN (print)1477-9072
ISSN (online)1744-8344
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

Other styles