How to format your references using the Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reed C. Winter is coming. Science. 2014;344:1054.
A journal article with 2 authors
Glass K, Girvan M. Annotation enrichment analysis: an alternative method for evaluating the functional properties of gene sets. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshino T, Walter MJ, Katsura T. Core formation in planetesimals triggered by permeable flow. Nature. 2003;422:154–157.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Whelan ET, Ray TP, Bacciotti F, et al. A resolved outflow of matter from a brown dwarf. Nature. 2005;435:652–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakshi AB, Prasanna VK. Architecture-Independent Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Fang Y. Fuzzy Portfolio Optimization: Theory and Methods. Lai KK, Wang S, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Cesaro P, Widner H. Lessons Learned From Early Clinical Neural Grafting in Parkinson’s Disease. In: Brundin P, Olanow CW, editors. Restorative Therapies in Parkinson’s Disease. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 78–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy.

Blog post
Fang J. Bioluminscent trees could light up our streets. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Actions Needed to Improve Access to Federal Financial Assistance for Homeless and Foster Youth. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016. Report No.: GAO-16-343. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
VanQuickenborne T. Exploring generative change [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Who Needs Streaming? Aldean Album Is No. 1. New York Times. 2016 Sep 20;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Cardiovasc. Ther.
ISSN (print)1477-9072
ISSN (online)1744-8344
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

Other styles