How to format your references using the Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tokmakoff, A. (2007). Chemistry. Shining light on the rapidly evolving structure of water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5834), 54–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alperin, M., & Hoehler, T. (2010). Biogeochemistry. The ongoing mystery of sea-floor methane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5989), 288–289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi, Y., Arai, K., & Kohshima, S. (2006). Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins. Nature, 441(7096), E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Loveday, J. S., Nelmes, R. J., Guthrie, M., Belmonte, S. A., Allan, D. R., Klug, D. D., et al. (2001). Stable methane hydrate above 2 GPa and the source of Titan’s atmospheric methane. Nature, 410(6829), 661–663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Böhm, M. (2005). Symmetrien in Festkörpern. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Martin, D., & Serjantov, A. (Eds.). (2005). Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 4th International Workshop, PET 2004, Toronto, Canada, May 26-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3424). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukaya, J., Ooba, Y., Kuriiwa, H., Yamada, R., Oka, M., & Mori, H. (2013). A Study on Selection Ability in the 3D Space by the Finger. In S. Yamamoto (Ed.), Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Interaction Design: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 30–36). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 1). From Science Fiction To Reality: The Dawn Of The Biofabricator. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). DOD is Making Progress in Adopting Best Practices for the Transformational Satellite Communications System and Space Radar but Still Faces Challenges (No. GAO-07-1029R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knight, A. K. (2017). Beyond Leveraged Purchasing: Using Strengthened Buyer/Supplier Relationships to Accomplish Sustainable Strategic Sourcing and Smarter Single Source Acquisitions (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2016, September 21). Comic Book Aims to Help Orlando Survivors. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tokmakoff 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Alperin and Hoehler 2010; Tokmakoff 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alperin and Hoehler 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Loveday et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems
ISSN (print)2195-3880
ISSN (online)2195-3899
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles