How to format your references using the Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory, R. (2004). The blind leading the sighted. Nature, 430(7002), 836.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheetham, C. E., & Belluscio, L. (2014). Neuroscience. An olfactory critical period. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6180), 157–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esposito, M. S., Capelli, P., & Arber, S. (2014). Brainstem nucleus MdV mediates skilled forelimb motor tasks. Nature, 508(7496), 351–356.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sharghi-Namini, S., Tan, E., Ong, L.-L. S., Ge, R., & Asada, H. H. (2014). Dll4-containing exosomes induce capillary sprout retraction in a 3D microenvironment. Scientific reports, 4, 4031.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert, C. L. (2012). Clinical Trials Dictionary. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gorodetsky, V., Kotenko, I., & Skormin, V. (Eds.). (2005). Computer Network Security: Third International Workshop on Mathematical Methods, Models, and Architectures for Computer Network Security, MMM-ACNS 2005, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 24-28, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3685). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, C., Ma, H., & Fu, M. (2016). Visual Servoing Control of Robot Manipulator. In H. Ma & M. Fu (Eds.), Advanced Technologies in Modern Robotic Applications (pp. 157–185). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, June 1). Scientists Plan To Drill Into Earthquake Fault Line From The Bottom Of A Gold Mine. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Intermodal Transportation: Challenges to and Potential Strategies for Developing Improved Intermodal Capabilities (No. GAO-06-855T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, J. (2017). Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-Being in Adulthood (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017, March 16). Leader of U.S. Governing Body Resigns as Scandal Spreads. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gregory 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cheetham and Belluscio 2014; Gregory 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheetham and Belluscio 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharghi-Namini et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems
ISSN (print)2195-3880
ISSN (online)2195-3899
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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