How to format your references using the Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt, B. (2005). Astronomy. The link between supernovae and gamma ray bursts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5726), 1265–1266.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shendure, J., & Akey, J. M. (2015). The origins, determinants, and consequences of human mutations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6255), 1478–1483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stephens, D. W., McLinn, C. M., & Stevens, J. R. (2002). Discounting and reciprocity in an Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5601), 2216–2218.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, G. C., Wang, Q., Li, S. L., Ai, X. G., & Fan, C. G. (2014). Evidence of multi-step nucleation leading to various crystallization pathways from an Fe-O-Al melt. Scientific reports, 4, 5082.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti, S. R. (2017). Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shirato, K. (Ed.). (2005). Venous Thromboembolism: Prevention and Treatment. Tokyo: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Llorente, B. (2016). Regulation of Carotenoid Biosynthesis in Photosynthetic Organs. In C. Stange (Ed.), Carotenoids in Nature: Biosynthesis, Regulation and Function (pp. 141–160). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 3). Trouble Sleeping? Scientists Say Go Camping For The Weekend. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Motor Carrier Safety: Additional Research Standards and Truck Drivers’ Schedule Data Could Allow More Accurate Assessments of the Hours of Service Rule (No. GAO-15-641). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Risley, L. (2012). Exploring Congruency between John A. Henschke’s Practice and Scholarship (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, June 8). Tight Tony Battles and Sure Bets. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmidt 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Schmidt 2005; Shendure and Akey 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shendure and Akey 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems
ISSN (print)2195-3880
ISSN (online)2195-3899
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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