How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingston, J. D. (2000). An electromagnetic personality. Nature, 407(6803), 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goring, D. R., & Walker, J. C. (2004). Plant sciences. Self-rejection--a new kinase connection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5663), 1474–1475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, K. A., Urbanowski, M. L., & Greenberg, E. P. (2008). Genetic determinants of self identity and social recognition in bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886), 256–259.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yan, L., Zhu, B., Jiao, Z., Chen, C.-Y., & Chen, I.-M. (2014). An orientation measurement method based on Hall-effect sensors for permanent magnet spherical actuators with 3D magnet array. Scientific Reports, 4, 6756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, R. B., & Lehmann, H. D. (2015). Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Lo, J.-J., Leatham, K. R., & Van Zoest, L. R. (Eds.). (2014). Research Trends in Mathematics Teacher Education. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiltgen, B. J., Brown, R. A. M., Talton, L. E., & Silva, A. J. (2007). Towards a Molecular and Cellular Understanding of Remote Memory. In B. Bontempi, A. J. Silva, & Y. Christen (Eds.), Memories: Molecules and Circuits (pp. 59–67). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 27). Thinking Outside the Lab: The Ascent of Citizen Science. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Information Technology: Department of Energy Does Not Effectively Manage Its Supercomputers (RCED-98-208). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fino, M. (2010). Fruit and vegetable intake and exercise practices of college students of color [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, July 28). Where Charlotte and Jane Meet. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livingston, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Goring & Walker, 2004; Livingston, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goring & Walker, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Gibbs et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Consum. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1057-7408
Applied Psychology

Other styles