How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Plotkin, J. B. (2011). Cell biology. The lives of proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6018), 683–684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yashin, V. V., & Balazs, A. C. (2006). Pattern formation and shape changes in self-oscillating polymer gels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 798–801.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foreman, B. Z., Heller, P. L., & Clementz, M. T. (2012). Fluvial response to abrupt global warming at the Palaeocene/Eocene boundary. Nature, 491(7422), 92–95.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gascard, J.-C., Watson, A. J., Messias, M.-J., Olsson, K. A., Johannessen, T., & Simonsen, K. (2002). Long-lived vortices as a mode of deep ventilation in the Greenland Sea. Nature, 416(6880), 525–527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gallant, B. J. (2006). Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rocon, E. (2011). Exoskeletons in Rehabilitation Robotics: Tremor Suppression. (J. L. Pons, Ed.) (Vol. 69). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Webster, J. I., Moayeri, M., & Sternberg, E. M. (2006). Anthrax Lethal Factor Represses Glucocorticoid and Progesterone Receptor Activity. In C. J. Welsh, M. W. Meagher, & E. M. Sternberg (Eds.), Neural and Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Host Defense and Autoimmunity (pp. 57–80). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Policy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 1). Buzz Aldrin Medically Evacuated From South Pole After Becoming Ill During trip. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Students With Disabilities: More Information and Guidance Could Improve Opportunities in Physical Education and Athletics (No. GAO-10-519). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burg, C. A. (2010). Faculty perspectives on doctoral student mentoring: The mentor’s odyssey (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, February 27). In Yanks-Phillies Rivalry, a Wife May Have Been the Key Player. New York Times, p. SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Plotkin 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Plotkin 2011; Yashin and Balazs 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yashin and Balazs 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gascard et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Policy
AbbreviationJ. Consumer Policy
ISSN (print)0168-7034
ISSN (online)1573-0700
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles