How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heilbron, J. L. (2013). History: The path to the quantum atom. Nature, 498(7452), 27–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yashin, V. V., & Balazs, A. C. (2006). Pattern formation and shape changes in self-oscillating polymer gels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 798–801.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tyler, R. H., Maus, S., & Lühr, H. (2003). Satellite observations of magnetic fields due to ocean tidal flow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5604), 239–241.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, M., Ming, W., Liu, Z., Wang, Z., Yao, Y., & Liu, F. (2014). Formation of quantum spin Hall state on Si surface and energy gap scaling with strength of spin orbit coupling. Scientific reports, 4, 7102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fitschen, K. (2013). Building Reliable Trading Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhang, L., & Zhang, C. (Eds.). (2012). Engineering Education and Management: Vol 2, Results of the 2011 International Conference on Engineering Education and Management (ICEEM2011) (Vol. 112). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Traum, A. Z. (2011). Ion and Fluid Dynamics in Hypertension. In J. T. Flynn, J. R. Ingelfinger, & R. J. Portman (Eds.), Pediatric Hypertension (pp. 65–73). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 23). BICEP2 Team Admit Breakthrough Evidence For Big Bang Could Just Be Dust. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Federal Human Resources Data: OPM Should Improve the Availability and Reliability of Payroll Data to Support Accountability and Workforce Analytics (No. GAO-17-127). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fails, J. A. (2009). Mobile collaboration for young children: Reading and creating stories (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robles, F. (2016, June 24). Police Officers Are Haunted by Grisly Scene Inside Orlando Club. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heilbron 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Heilbron 2013; Yashin and Balazs 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yashin and Balazs 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Policy
AbbreviationJ. Consumer Policy
ISSN (print)0168-7034
ISSN (online)1573-0700
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
Economics and Econometrics

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