How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halpern, J. P. (2009). Astronomy. Gamma-ray pulsars old and new. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 821–822.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huppert, H. E., & Woods, A. W. (2002). The role of volatiles in magma chamber dynamics. Nature, 420(6915), 493–495.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimura, E. K., Granter, S. R., & Fisher, D. E. (2005). Mechanisms of hair graying: incomplete melanocyte stem cell maintenance in the niche. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 720–724.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Enquist, B. J., Allen, A. P., Brown, J. H., Gillooly, J. F., Kerkhoff, A. J., Niklas, K. J., et al. (2007). Biological scaling: does the exception prove the rule? Nature, 445(7127), E9-10; discussion E10-1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, Q., Jing, S., Yi, J., & Zhen, W. (2014). Innovative Testing and Measurement Solutions for Smart Grid. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
De Haes, S. (2015). Enterprise Governance of Information Technology: Achieving Alignment and Value, Featuring COBIT 5. (W. Van Grembergen, Ed.) (2nd ed. 2015.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kleppisch, T. (2009). Phosphodiesterases in the Central Nervous System. In H. H. H. W. Schmidt, F. Hofmann, & J.-P. Stasch (Eds.), cGMP: Generators, Effectors and Therapeutic Implications (pp. 71–92). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Policy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, September 20). Your Brain Can Make Decisions During Sleep. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Certain Weaknesses in the Administration of the Neighborhood Youth Corps Out-of-School Project in Cleveland, Ohio (No. 089487). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moua, P. (2009). Differential functions of the kinesin-1 tail in Drosophila melanogaster transport processes (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott, M. L. (2017, March 4). Finding What I Need at the Mall. New York Times, p. SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halpern 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Halpern 2009; Huppert and Woods 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huppert and Woods 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Enquist et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Policy
AbbreviationJ. Consumer Policy
ISSN (print)0168-7034
ISSN (online)1573-0700
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles