How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Normile, D. (2000). AGRICULTURE: Variety Spices Up Chinese Rice Yields. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5482), 1122b–3b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gebhardt, J. C. M., & Rief, M. (2009). Biochemistry. Force signaling in biology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5932), 1278–1280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lam, E., Kato, N., & Lawton, M. (2001). Programmed cell death, mitochondria and the plant hypersensitive response. Nature, 411(6839), 848–853.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shakya, R., Reid, L. J., Reczek, C. R., Cole, F., Egli, D., Lin, C.-S., et al. (2011). BRCA1 tumor suppression depends on BRCT phosphoprotein binding, but not its E3 ligase activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6055), 525–528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cortada, J. W. (2014). The Essential Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ketonen, L. M. (2005). Pediatric Brain and Spine: An Atlas of MRI and Spectroscopy. (A. Hiwatashi, R. Sidhu, & P.-L. Westesson, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cho, H., Ishida, T., Inaba, R., Takasaki, T., & Mori, Y. (2007). Pictogram Retrieval Based on Collective Semantics. In J. A. Jacko (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction. HCI Intelligent Multimodal Interaction Environments: 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part III (pp. 31–39). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Policy.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, May 18). Multi-Cellular Life May Have Begun One Billion Years Earlier Than We Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Highway Trust Fund: Financial Condition as of September 30, 1997 (No. RCED-98-171R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, J. S. (2008). Boys in crisis: A grounded theory study of male high school dropouts in a rural setting (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, September 29). New App Will Offer Liner Notes for the Digital Era. New York Times, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Normile 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gebhardt and Rief 2009; Normile 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gebhardt and Rief 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Shakya et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Policy
AbbreviationJ. Consumer Policy
ISSN (print)0168-7034
ISSN (online)1573-0700
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles