How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renfrew, C. 2009. “Anthropology. Where bacteria and languages concur.” Science, 323 (5913): 467–468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clift, P. D., and J. Blusztajn. 2005. “Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago.” Nature, 438 (7070): 1001–1003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mathew-Fenn, R. S., R. Das, and P. A. B. Harbury. 2008. “Remeasuring the double helix.” Science, 322 (5900): 446–449.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Murata, K., K. Mitsuoka, T. Hirai, T. Walz, P. Agre, J. B. Heymann, A. Engel, and Y. Fujiyoshi. 2000. “Structural determinants of water permeation through aquaporin-1.” Nature, 407 (6804): 599–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau, E., and T. Adali. 2013. Blind Identification and Separation of Complex-Valued Signals. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Perelman, Y. 2008. The NeuroProcessor: An Integrated Interface to Biological Neural Networks. (R. Ginosar, ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tabbush, P., P. Frederiksen, and D. Edwards. 2008. “Impact Assessment in the European Commission in relation to Multifunctional Land Use.” Sustainability Impact Assessment of Land Use Changes, K. Helming, M. Pérez-Soba, and P. Tabbush, eds., 35–54. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Enormous Hole In The Universe May Not Be The Only One.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Defaulted Student Loans: Preliminary Analysis of Student Loan Borrowers and Defaulters. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miles, C. S. 2015. “Elicitation of a Program’s Behaviors.” Doctoral dissertation. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Borjas, G. 2017. “The Immigration Debate We Need.” New York Times, February 27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Renfrew 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Clift and Blusztajn 2005; Renfrew 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clift and Blusztajn 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Murata et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-3801
ISSN (online)1943-5487
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Civil and Structural Engineering

Other styles