How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Li, Y. (2014). “The evolution of reputation-based partner-switching behaviors with a cost.” Scientific reports, 4, 5957.
A journal article with 2 authors
Correia, A. C., and Laskar, J. (2001). “The four final rotation states of Venus.” Nature, 411(6839), 767–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayberry, R. I., Lock, E., and Kazmi, H. (2002). “Linguistic ability and early language exposure.” Nature, 417(6884), 38.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peng, P., Chan, S. W.-L., Shah, G. A., and Jacobsen, S. E. (2006). “Plant genetics: increased outcrossing in hothead mutants.” Nature, 443(7110), E8; discussion E8-9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narayanasamy, P. (2005). Postharvest Pathogens and Disease Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Aalberg, T., Papatheodorou, C., Dobreva, M., Tsakonas, G., and Farrugia, C. J. (Eds.). (2013). Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2013, Valletta, Malta, September 22-26, 2013. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, E. (2010). “The Life and Tools of a Games Designer.” Evaluating User Experience in Games: Concepts and Methods, Human-Computer Interaction Series, R. Bernhaupt, ed., Springer, London, 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). “Rooster-like comb discovered on duck-billed dinosaur.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Airline Deregulation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Competition in Several Key Domestic Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynaldo, R. (2017). “Healthcare Leaders Under the Age of 40 - Successful Strategies and Practices for Leading Healthcare Organizations.” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Babcock, L. (2008). “Women, Repeat This: Don’t Ask, Don’t Get.” New York Times, BU19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Li 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Correia and Laskar 2001; Li 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Correia and Laskar 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-3801
ISSN (online)1943-5487
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Civil and Structural Engineering

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