How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aanen, D. K. 2014. “Developmental Biology. How a long-lived fungus keeps mutations in check.” Science, 346 (6212): 922–923.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoltz, D. B., and J. B. Whitfield. 2009. “Virology. Making nice with viruses.” Science, 323 (5916): 884–885.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turvey, S. T., O. R. Green, and R. N. Holdaway. 2005. “Cortical growth marks reveal extended juvenile development in New Zealand moa.” Nature, 435 (7044): 940–943.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Maier, L., M. Pruteanu, M. Kuhn, G. Zeller, A. Telzerow, E. E. Anderson, A. R. Brochado, K. C. Fernandez, H. Dose, H. Mori, K. R. Patil, P. Bork, and A. Typas. 2018. “Extensive impact of non-antibiotic drugs on human gut bacteria.” Nature, 555 (7698): 623–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, D. S. 2012. Why Plato Wrote. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Yuille, A. L., S.-C. Zhu, D. Cremers, and Y. Wang (Eds.). 2007. Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition: 6th International Conference, EMMCVPR 2007, Ezhou, China, August 27-29, 2007. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Norman, R., J. Le Marshall, K. Zhang, C. S. Wang, B. A. Carter, Y. Li, and S. Gordon. 2014. “Simulating GPS Radio Occultation Using 3-D Ray Tracing.” Earth on the Edge: Science for a Sustainable Planet: Proceedings of the IAG General Assembly, Melbourne, Australia, June 28 - July 2, 2011, International Association of Geodesy Symposia, C. Rizos and P. Willis, eds., 27–30. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Autism Risk Linked To Prenatal Exposure To Air Pollution.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Space Station: NASA’s Search for Design, Cost, and Schedule Stability Continues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman, B. P. 2015. “Understanding the factors affecting local emergency service collaboration.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2005. “Supreme Court Takes Up 2 Cases Challenging Powers of U.S. Regulators to Protect Wetlands.” New York Times, October 12, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aanen 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Aanen 2014; Stoltz and Whitfield 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoltz and Whitfield 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Maier et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-3801
ISSN (online)1943-5487
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Civil and Structural Engineering

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