How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jaeger, N. I. (2001). “Surface science. Bridging gaps and opening windows.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5535), 1601–1602.
A journal article with 2 authors
Christensen, S. T., and Ott, C. M. (2007). “Cell signaling. A ciliary signaling switch.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5836), 330–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gu, L., Koymen, A. R., and Mohanty, S. K. (2014). “Crystalline magnetic carbon nanoparticle assisted photothermal delivery into cells using CW near-infrared laser beam.” Scientific reports, 4, 5106.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Higgins, B. L., Berry, D. W., Bartlett, S. D., Wiseman, H. M., and Pryde, G. J. (2007). “Entanglement-free Heisenberg-limited phase estimation.” Nature, 450(7168), 393–396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG. (2013). Funding Atlas 2012. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Batina, L., and Robshaw, M. (Eds.). (2014). Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems – CHES 2014: 16th International Workshop, Busan, South Korea, September 23-26, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Alpay, D., Colombo, F., and Sabadini, I. (2016). “Quaternionic Functional Analysis.” Slice Hyperholomorphic Schur Analysis, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications, F. Colombo and I. Sabadini, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 71–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). “Here’s Why Daylight Saving Time Isn’t Worth The Trouble It Causes.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). ADP Acquisitions: No Improper Actions Found on IRS’ Contract for Data Retrieval System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sullivan, T. J. (2017). “Molecular Ecology, Disease Ecology, and Candidate Genes for Pathogen Resistance in the Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016). “Judge Rejects Justice Dept. Decision on Music Licensing.” New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giacovazzo 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Knowles 2010; Widder 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Christensen and Ott 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Pennartz et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-3801
ISSN (online)1943-5487
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Civil and Structural Engineering

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