How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Penn, R. L. (2007). “Chemistry. Resolving an elusive structure.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5832), 1704–1705.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rupert, P. B., and Ferré-D’Amaré, A. R. (2001). “Crystal structure of a hairpin ribozyme-inhibitor complex with implications for catalysis.” Nature, 410(6830), 780–786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Titus, S. L., Wells, J. A., and Rhoades, L. J. (2008). “Repairing research integrity.” Nature, 453(7198), 980–982.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Y., Luan, B.-Q., Yang, Z., Zhang, X., Ritzo, B., Gates, K., and Gu, L.-Q. (2014). “Single molecule investigation of Ag+ interactions with single cytosine-, methylcytosine- and hydroxymethylcytosine-cytosine mismatches in a nanopore.” Scientific reports, 4, 5883.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etheridge, D. (2010). Excel® Data Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wittmer, A., Bieger, T., and Müller, R. (Eds.). (2011). Aviation Systems: Management of the Integrated Aviation Value Chain. Springer Texts in Business and Economics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Santos, J. E., and Gauzellino, P. M. (2016). “Waves in a fluid-saturated poroelastic matrix composed of two weakly coupled solids.” Numerical Simulation in Applied Geophysics, P. M. Gauzellino, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 79–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Gecko-Inspired Climbing Paddles Allow A Man To Climb A Glass Wall.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). The Energy Information Administration Needs To Strengthen Its Computer Systems Development Procedures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bleicher, J. (2008). “Scenario methods as a means for enhancing organizational learning: A Delphi study.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013). “Embracing Change, Quietly.” New York Times, E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Penn 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Penn 2007; Rupert and Ferré-D’Amaré 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rupert and Ferré-D’Amaré 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-3801
ISSN (online)1943-5487
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Civil and Structural Engineering

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