How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leutgeb, S. (2008). “Neuroscience. Detailed differences.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5870), 1623–1624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Byrne, S., and Ingersoll, A. P. (2003). “A sublimation model for martian south polar ice features.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5609), 1051–1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chave, J., Alonso, D., and Etienne, R. S. (2006). “Theoretical biology: comparing models of species abundance.” Nature, 441(7089), E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bouwer, L. M., Crompton, R. P., Faust, E., Hoppe, P., and Pielke, R. A., Jr. (2007). “Disaster management. Confronting disaster losses.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), 753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geotechni, Laackmann, K., Balthaus, H., Braach, O., Friebel, W.-D., Hettler, A., Maidl, B., Meissner, M., Schuck, W., Schwaiger, S., Stephan, D., Thewes, M., and Wittke-Schmitt, B. (2015). Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2015. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Benedini, M. (2013). Water Quality Modelling for Rivers and Streams. Water Science and Technology Library, (G. Tsakiris, ed.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Planche, T., Dzeing, A., Ngou-Milama, E., Kombila, M., and Stacpoole, P. W. (2005). “Metabolic Complications of Severe Malaria.” Malaria: Drugs, Disease and Post-genomic Biology, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology, R. W. Compans, M. D. Cooper, T. Honjo, H. Koprowski, F. Melchers, M. B. A. Oldstone, S. Olsnes, M. Potter, P. K. Vogt, H. Wagner, D. J. Sullivan, and S. Krishna, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 105–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). “Astronomers Have Found ‘Light Echoes’ Of Black Holes Feeding On Stars.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of State Automated Systems to Support Federal Welfare Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rich, D. W. (2009). “Examining the relationship of values-based management in performance evaluations.” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., and Shear, M. D. (2017). “To President, Human Rights Concerns Are Often a Barrier to Trade.” New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leutgeb 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Byrne and Ingersoll 2003; Leutgeb 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Byrne and Ingersoll 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bouwer et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-3801
ISSN (online)1943-5487
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Civil and Structural Engineering

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