How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frank, L. 2002. “Biotechnology in the Medicon Valley.” Nature, 420 (6916 Suppl): A27, A29, A31 passim.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aldy, J. E., and R. N. Stavins. 2012. “Climate change. Climate negotiators create an opportunity for scholars.” Science, 337 (6098): 1043–1044.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niethammer, P., P. Bastiaens, and E. Karsenti. 2004. “Stathmin-tubulin interaction gradients in motile and mitotic cells.” Science, 303 (5665): 1862–1866.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kuo, Y.-H., Y. K. Lee, Y. Ge, S. Ren, J. E. Roth, T. I. Kamins, D. A. B. Miller, and J. S. Harris. 2005. “Strong quantum-confined Stark effect in germanium quantum-well structures on silicon.” Nature, 437 (7063): 1334–1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krishnan, V. 2006. Probability and Random Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nomura, T., T. Watanabe, and S. Habu (Eds.). 2008. Humanized Mice. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Paik, J. H., K. Kettunen, D. Pal, and K. Järvelin. 2013. “Frequent Case Generation in Ad Hoc Retrieval of Three Indian Languages – Bengali, Gujarati and Marathi.” Multilingual Information Access in South Asian Languages: Second International Workshop, FIRE 2010, Gandhinagar, India, February 19-21, 2010 and Third International Workshop, FIRE 2011, Bombay, India, December 2-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, P. Majumder, M. Mitra, P. Bhattacharyya, L. V. Subramaniam, D. Contractor, and P. Rosso, eds., 38–50. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Why Brontosaurus Is No Longer A Dirty Word For Dinosaur Hunters.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Review of Accounts, CAB Through June 30, 1971. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wiggins, B. B. 2017. “Using Induced Signals to Develop a Position-Sensitive Microchannel Plate Detector.” Doctoral dissertation. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2015. “A New York Icon Who Shone Just Outside the Bright Lights.” New York Times, January 29, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frank 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Aldy and Stavins 2012; Frank 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aldy and Stavins 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuo et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Civil Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Civ. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-3801
ISSN (online)1943-5487
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Civil and Structural Engineering

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