How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cahalan MD (2010) Cell biology. How to STIMulate calcium channels. Science 330:43–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Wimmer GE, Shohamy D (2012) Preference by association: how memory mechanisms in the hippocampus bias decisions. Science 338:270–273
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen L-Y, Redon S, Lingner J (2012) The human CST complex is a terminator of telomerase activity. Nature 488:540–544
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Krejci L, Van Komen S, Li Y, et al (2003) DNA helicase Srs2 disrupts the Rad51 presynaptic filament. Nature 423:305–309

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph C (2013) Advanced Credit Risk Analysis and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Niemann J, Tichkiewitch S, Westkämper E (eds) (2009) Design of Sustainable Product Life Cycles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Cao L, Zhang C, Yu PS, Zhao Y (2010) D 3 M AKD Frameworks. In: Yu PS, Zhang C, Zhao Y (eds) Domain Driven Data Mining. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 93–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Underwater Robots Help Scientists See Where Marine Larvae Go And How They Get There. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) SSA’s Acceptance Testing of a Mass Storage System for Computerized Data Was Adequate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boos AL (2015) The post-abortion experience: A content analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Kerber Encounters a Pliskova Test, but Not the Usual One. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cahalan 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cahalan 2010; Wimmer and Shohamy 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wimmer and Shohamy 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Krejci et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics
ISSN (online)2364-9569

Other styles