How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neuenschwander P (2004) Harnessing nature in Africa. Nature 432:801–802
A journal article with 2 authors
Mesecar AD, Koshland DE Jr (2000) A new model for protein stereospecificity. Nature 403:614–615
A journal article with 3 authors
Chisholm SW, Falkowski PG, Cullen JJ (2001) Oceans. Dis-crediting ocean fertilization. Science 294:309–310
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Meng Q, Frankel GS, Colijn HO, Goss SH (2003) Metallurgy: stainless-steel corrosion and MnS inclusions. Nature 424:389–90; discussion 390

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Otto M (2016) Chemometrics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Lu MQ (ed) (2015) Approaching China’s Pharmaceutical Market: A Fundamental Guide to Clinical Drug Development. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Berman P, Karpinski M, Zelikovsky A (2010) A 3/2-Approximation Algorithm for Generalized Steiner Trees in Complete Graphs with Edge Lengths 1 and 2. In: Cheong O, Chwa K-Y, Park K (eds) Algorithms and Computation: 21st International Symposium, ISAAC 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 15-17, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 15–24

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) This 360-Degree Camera Will Give You A Virtual Reality Astronaut Experience On The ISS. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Information on Program Cost and Schedule Changes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bleviss C (2009) Constructing competence: Normalization and self-determination for people with developmental disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) Selling Tea as Serenity, Not Snobbery. New York Times 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neuenschwander 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mesecar and Koshland 2000; Neuenschwander 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mesecar and Koshland 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Meng et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics
ISSN (online)2364-9569

Other styles