How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thompson JN (2006) Ecology. Mutualistic webs of species. Science 312:372–373
A journal article with 2 authors
Desai MM, Walczak AM (2015) Microbiology. Flexible gene pools. Science 348:977–978
A journal article with 3 authors
Ward CV, Kimbel WH, Johanson DC (2011) Complete fourth metatarsal and arches in the foot of Australopithecus afarensis. Science 331:750–753
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu X, Bushnell DA, Wang D, et al (2010) Structure of an RNA polymerase II-TFIIB complex and the transcription initiation mechanism. Science 327:206–209

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi D, Prutchi SR (2012) Exploring Quantum Physics Through Hands-On Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bianchini M, Maggini M, Scarselli F, Jain LC (eds) (2009) Innovations in Neural Information Paradigms and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bronshtein IN, Semendyayev KA, Musiol G, Mühlig H (2015) Algebra and Discrete Mathematics. In: Semendyayev KA, Musiol G, Mühlig H (eds) Handbook of Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 323–431

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Failed Mongol Armada Wreck Discovered off Japanese Coast. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Mass Transit: Issues Related to Providing Dedicated Funding for the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson C (2012) Directed blogging with community college ESL students: Its effects on awareness of language acquisition processes. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2010) The Nuclear Option Is Yours. New York Times NJ13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thompson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson 2006; Desai and Walczak 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Desai and Walczak 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics
ISSN (online)2364-9569

Other styles