How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montanarella L (2015) Agricultural policy: Govern our soils. Nature 528:32–33
A journal article with 2 authors
Mitchell-Olds T, Knight CA (2002) Evolution. Chaperones as buffering agents? Science 296:2348–2349
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonzalez S, Kitchener AC, Lister AM (2000) Survival of the Irish elk into the Holocene. Nature 405:753–754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Luque A, Farwati A, Crovetto F, et al (2014) Usefulness of circulating microRNAs for the prediction of early preeclampsia at first-trimester of pregnancy. Sci Rep 4:4882

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells JT (2017) Corporate Fraud Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tatto MT (ed) (2012) Learning and Doing Policy Analysis in Education: Examining Diverse Approaches to Increasing Educational Access. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Aboul-Hosn K (2006) An Axiomatization of Arrays for Kleene Algebra with Tests. In: Schmidt RA (ed) Relations and Kleene Algebra in Computer Science: 9th International Conference on Relational Methods in Computer Science and 4th International Workshop on Applications of Kleene Algebra, RelMiCS/AKA 2006, Manchester, UK, August 29–September 2, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 63–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Why Was A Leap Second Added To 2016? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) National Airspace System: Assessment of FAA’s Efforts to Augment the Global Positioning System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blanchard EJ (2010) Legato trombone: A survey of pedagogical resources. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM (2017) Confused by Scaramucci’s Plans for a Media Venture? So Is He. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Chicurel 2002; Elvis 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mitchell-Olds and Knight 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sekar et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics
ISSN (online)2364-9569

Other styles