How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelder C (2013) Communication: Positive energy. Nature 498:293–295
A journal article with 2 authors
Inchausti P, Halley J (2001) Investigating long-term ecological variability using the Global Population Dynamics Database. Science 293:655–657
A journal article with 3 authors
Chester JS, Chester FM, Kronenberg AK (2005) Fracture surface energy of the Punchbowl fault, San Andreas system. Nature 437:133–136
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lam SK, Chen D, Mosier AR, Roush R (2013) The potential for carbon sequestration in Australian agricultural soils is technically and economically limited. Sci Rep 3:2179

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daries H (2012) Nutrition for Sport and Exercise. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Wakabayashi I, Groschner K (eds) (2013) Interdisciplinary Concepts in Cardiovascular Health: Volume II: Secondary Risk Factors. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kundu D, Nandi S (2012) Asymptotic Properties. In: Nandi S (ed) Statistical Signal Processing: Frequency Estimation. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 45–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Explosive Rock Exfoliation Caught On Film. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Air Force Aircraft: Preliminary Information on Air Force Tanker Leasing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez HH (2017) Social Capital, Academics, and Sense of Belonging among High School Foster Youth. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S (2014) The Sexual Healer. New York Times ST1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nelder 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Inchausti and Halley 2001; Nelder 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Inchausti and Halley 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lam et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society for Probability and Statistics
ISSN (online)2364-9569

Other styles