How to format your references using the Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2001, “Last-Minute Floods Sink Research,” Nature, 413(6855), p. 443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinson, V., and Pennisi, E., 2011, “Synthetic Biology. The Allure of Synthetic Biology. Introduction,” Science, 333(6047), p. 1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poulsen, C. J., Ehlers, T. A., and Insel, N., 2010, “Onset of Convective Rainfall during Gradual Late Miocene Rise of the Central Andes,” Science, 328(5977), pp. 490–493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jerby, E., Dikhtyar, V., Aktushev, O., and Grosglick, U., 2002, “The Microwave Drill,” Science, 298(5593), pp. 587–589.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2007, Guidelines for Safe and Reliable Instrumented Protective Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rival, X., ed., 2016, Static Analysis: 23rd International Symposium, SAS 2016, Edinburgh, UK, September 8-10, 2016, Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Owen, L. A., 2014, “Himalayan Landscapes of India,” Landscapes and Landforms of India, V.S. Kale, ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Brain Training App Could Help Schizophrenia Patients,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012, Federal Advisory Groups: DOT and DOE Can Take Steps to Better Assess Duplication Risk and Enhance Usefulness, GAO-12-472, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsang, S. D., 2012, “The Depth Range of Azimuthal Anisotropy beneath Southern California via Analyses of Long-Period Rayleigh-Waves,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008, “Over Guantánamo, Justices Come Under Election-Year Spotlight,” New York Times, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing and information Science in Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1530-9827
ISSN (online)1944-7078
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles