How to format your references using the Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonas, D. M., 2003, “Chemistry. Optical Analogs of 2D NMR,” Science, 300(5625), pp. 1515–1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Senn, D. B., and Hemond, H. F., 2002, “Nitrate Controls on Iron and Arsenic in an Urban Lake,” Science, 296(5577), pp. 2373–2376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, H. K., Hanson, G. W., and Geller, D. A., 2013, “Chemistry. Are Gold Clusters in RF Fields Hot or Not?,” Science, 340(6131), pp. 441–442.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gopalakrishnan, A. M., Kundu, A. K., Mandal, T. K., and Kumar, N., 2013, “Novel Nanosomes for Gene Delivery to Plasmodium Falciparum-Infected Red Blood Cells,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 1534.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt, A., 2016, Construction Claims & Responses, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Clover, D. E., 2013, The Nature of Transformation: Environmental Adult Education, SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Wortsman, X., 2016, “Dermatologic Ultrasound,” Practical Point-of-Care Medical Ultrasound, J.M. Daniels, and R.A. Hoppmann, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017, “Facebook To Use Artificial Intelligence To Spot Suicidal Users,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies, GAO-12-108, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gopalappa, C., 2010, “Three Essays on Analytical Models to Improve Early Detection of Cancer,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., and Cooper, M., 2011, “Faltering City Testing Its Vow To Pensioners,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing and information Science in Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1530-9827
ISSN (online)1944-7078
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles