How to format your references using the Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowack, B., 2010, “Chemistry. Nanosilver Revisited Downstream,” Science, 330(6007), pp. 1054–1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fried, S. D., and Boxer, S. G., 2015, “BIOPHYSICS. Response to Comments on ‘Extreme Electric Fields Power Catalysis in the Active Site of Ketosteroid Isomerase,’” Science, 349(6251), p. 936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bortnik, J., Thorne, R. M., and Meredith, N. P., 2008, “The Unexpected Origin of Plasmaspheric Hiss from Discrete Chorus Emissions,” Nature, 452(7183), pp. 62–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hariri, A. R., Mattay, V. S., Tessitore, A., Kolachana, B., Fera, F., Goldman, D., Egan, M. F., and Weinberger, D. R., 2002, “Serotonin Transporter Genetic Variation and the Response of the Human Amygdala,” Science, 297(5580), pp. 400–403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castillo, E., Cobo, A., Jubete, F., and Pruneda, R. E., 1999, Orthogonal Sets and Polar Methods in Linear Algebra, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nazarpour, S., ed., 2013, Thin Films and Coatings in Biology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Yanovsky, V., Rumble, S. M., and Brudno, M., 2008, “Read Mapping Algorithms for Single Molecule Sequencing Data,” Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 8th International Workshop, WABI 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, September 15-19, 2008. Proceedings, K.A. Crandall, and J. Lagergren, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016, “The Biggest Coral Bleaching Event In History Will Hit The US Coral Reefs Hard,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010, NASA: Medium Launch Transition Strategy Leverages Ongoing Investments but Is Not Without Risk, GAO-11-107, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fernandes, J. M., 2017, “Physical and Chemical Properties of Jupiter’s North and South Polar Vortex Revealed through Mid-Infrared Imaging,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder, S. K. C. by L., 2005, “Arts, Briefly; Russia: Happy Birthday, Maya,” New York Times, p. E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing and information Science in Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1530-9827
ISSN (online)1944-7078
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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