How to format your references using the Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blank, S., 2011, “Embrace Failure to Start up Success,” Nature, 477(7363), p. 133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sommer, M. A., and Wurtz, R. H., 2006, “Influence of the Thalamus on Spatial Visual Processing in Frontal Cortex,” Nature, 444(7117), pp. 374–377.
A journal article with 3 authors
Catani, M., Bodi, I., and Dell’Acqua, F., 2012, “Comment on ‘The Geometric Structure of the Brain Fiber Pathways,’” Science, 337(6102), p. 1605.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Adolphs, R., Gosselin, F., Buchanan, T. W., Tranel, D., Schyns, P., and Damasio, A. R., 2005, “A Mechanism for Impaired Fear Recognition after Amygdala Damage,” Nature, 433(7021), pp. 68–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casandjian, C., Challamel, N., Lanos, C., and Hellesland, J., 2013, Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 07030 USA.
An edited book
Hows, D., 2015, The Definitive Guide to MongoDB: A Complete Guide to Dealing with Big Data Using MongoDB, Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreku, J., Tiensyrjä, K., Wieferink, A., and Vanthournout, B., 2012, “ASIP Exploration and Design,” Scalable Multi-Core Architectures: Design Methodologies and Tools, D. Soudris, and A. Jantsch, eds., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing and information Science in Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014, “Killer Squirrel Has World’s Bushiest Tail,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990, Customs Automation: Weakness in Revenue Collection at John F. Kennedy International Airport, IMTEC-90-16, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galvan, R., 2015, “A Mixed-Methods Study of Mathematics and Science Achievement of Refugee Students in Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Groups,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K., 2002, “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Floods Wreak Havoc,” New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing and information Science in Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1530-9827
ISSN (online)1944-7078
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles