How to format your references using the Computational Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strober, W.: Immunology. Unraveling gut inflammation. Science. 313, 1052–1054 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaillardet, J., Galy, A.: Atmospheric science. Himalaya--carbon sink or source? Science. 320, 1727–1728 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Milinski, M., Semmann, D., Krambeck, H.-J.: Reputation helps solve the “tragedy of the commons.” Nature. 415, 424–426 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Taki, F.A., Pan, X., Lee, M.-H., Zhang, B.: Nicotine exposure and transgenerational impact: a prospective study on small regulatory microRNAs. Sci. Rep. 4, 7513 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stegmann, J.P.: Strategic Value Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
Arcuri, F.P.: Manuale di sociologia: Teorie e strumenti per la ricerca sociale. Springer, Milano (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Bartoli, C.G., Senn, M.E., Gergoff Grozeff, G.E.: Physiological Processes Contributing to the Synthesis of Ascorbic Acid in Plants. In: Gupta, D.K., Palma, J.M., and Corpas, F.J. (eds.) Redox State as a Central Regulator of Plant-Cell Stress Responses. pp. 71–92. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Geosciences.

Blog post
Davis, J.: “Superspreaders” Caused Almost Two-Thirds Of Ebola Cases In Recent Outbreak,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Challenge: The District of Columbia Cannot Reliably Track Y2K Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, M.P.: De la página a la pantalla: Memoria de la Guerra Civil española en la narrativa contemporánea, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: Insurer Overbilled Medicare, Suit Says, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Geosciences
AbbreviationComput. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1420-0597
ISSN (online)1573-1499
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Computational Mathematics

Other styles