How to format your references using the Computational Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macfadden, B.J.: Evolution. Fossil horses--evidence for evolution. Science. 307, 1728–1730 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosh, A., Holt, W.E.: Plate motions and stresses from global dynamic models. Science. 335, 838–843 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Le Mée, L., Girardeau, J., Monnier, C.: Mantle segmentation along the Oman ophiolite fossil mid-ocean ridge. Nature. 432, 167–172 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goley, E.D., Ohkawa, T., Mancuso, J., Woodruff, J.B., D’Alessio, J.A., Cande, W.Z., Volkman, L.E., Welch, M.D.: Dynamic nuclear actin assembly by Arp2/3 complex and a baculovirus WASP-like protein. Science. 314, 464–467 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
zur Hausen, H.: Infections Causing Human Cancer. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2006)
An edited book
Mikhailov, A.V. ed: Integrability. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Almeida Matos, A.: Flow Policy Awareness for Distributed Mobile Code. In: Bravetti, M. and Zavattaro, G. (eds.) CONCUR 2009 - Concurrency Theory: 20th International Conference, CONCUR 2009, Bologna, Italy, September 1-4, 2009. Proceedings. pp. 53–68. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Geosciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: First Signs Of Global Warming Appeared In 1940s


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Alternatives for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Public School Financial Assistance Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilkes, D.M.: Multiple modes of Mdmx regulation affect p53 activation, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L.: That’s Not How It Went On the Deal With Iran, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Geosciences
AbbreviationComput. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1420-0597
ISSN (online)1573-1499
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Computational Mathematics

Other styles