How to format your references using the Computational Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldstein, D.B.: Growth of genome screening needs debate. Nature. 476, 27–28 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Cirac, J.I., Zoller, P.: A scalable quantum computer with ions in an array of microtraps. Nature. 404, 579–581 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Dasen, J.S., Liu, J.-P., Jessell, T.M.: Motor neuron columnar fate imposed by sequential phases of Hox-c activity. Nature. 425, 926–933 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stricker, J., Cookson, S., Bennett, M.R., Mather, W.H., Tsimring, L.S., Hasty, J.: A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator. Nature. 456, 516–519 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mainardi, R.L.: Harnessing the Power of Continuous Auditing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Zhou, W.: Stability and Synchronization Control of Stochastic Neural Networks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, R.W.J., Schewitz, L.P., Raveney, B.J.E., Dick, A.D.: Steroid Sensitivity in Uveitis. In: Forrester, J.V. (ed.) Uveitis and Immunological Disorders. pp. 45–54. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Geosciences.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Manta Rays Are Not Long-Distance Migrators, Study Reveals


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Consumer Finance: Factors Affecting the Financial Literacy of Individuals with Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boerger, E.M.: Natural regeneration dynamics of red oak seedlings in Mississippi bottomland forests, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: Into a World of Fantasy, Where the Sorcerers Take Center Stage, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Geosciences
AbbreviationComput. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1420-0597
ISSN (online)1573-1499
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Computational Mathematics

Other styles