How to format your references using the Computational Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Science and technology networks in Scandinavia. Nature. 420, A1 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox, E., Bonner, J.: Ecology. The advantages of togetherness. Science. 292, 448–449 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sansom, R.S., Gabbott, S.E., Purnell, M.A.: Non-random decay of chordate characters causes bias in fossil interpretation. Nature. 463, 797–800 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bienvenu, F., Jirawatnotai, S., Elias, J.E., Meyer, C.A., Mizeracka, K., Marson, A., Frampton, G.M., Cole, M.F., Odom, D.T., Odajima, J., Geng, Y., Zagozdzon, A., Jecrois, M., Young, R.A., Liu, X.S., Cepko, C.L., Gygi, S.P., Sicinski, P.: Transcriptional role of cyclin D1 in development revealed by a genetic-proteomic screen. Nature. 463, 374–378 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett, A.H., Grice, J.: New Mechanisms in Glucose Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA (2011)
An edited book
Choi, B.I. ed: Radiology Illustrated: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Radiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Dillard, J., Brown, J.: Taking Pluralism Seriously Within an Ethic of Accountability. In: Mintz, S. (ed.) Accounting for the Public Interest: Perspectives on Accountability, Professionalism and Role in Society. pp. 75–90. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Geosciences.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Scientists Have Figured Out Why Your Eyes Move When You Sleep,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Pipeline Safety: Management of the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Enforcement Program Needs Further Strengthening. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2004)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavala, M.: Latinos’ attitudes towards receiving mental health services, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: Behind a Gifted Horse, A Powerful Part-Owner, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Geosciences
AbbreviationComput. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1420-0597
ISSN (online)1573-1499
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Computational Mathematics

Other styles