How to format your references using the Journal of Computational Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.M. Johns-Krull, Astrophysics: Secret ingredient exposed, Nature. 514 (2014) 571–572.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.S. Armatas, M.G. Kanatzidis, Hexagonal mesoporous germanium, Science. 313 (2006) 817–820.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Granot, E. Nakar, T. Piran, Astrophysics: refreshed shocks from a gamma-ray burst, Nature. 426 (2003) 138–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. Siretanu, D. Ebeling, M.P. Andersson, S.L.S. Stipp, A. Philipse, M.C. Stuart, D. van den Ende, F. Mugele, Direct observation of ionic structure at solid-liquid interfaces: a deep look into the Stern Layer, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Allsopp, Advanced Penetration Testing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana, 2017.
An edited book
L. Zhang, X. Song, Y. Wu, eds., Theory, Methodology, Tools and Applications for Modeling and Simulation of Complex Systems: 16th Asia Simulation Conference and SCS Autumn Simulation Multi-Conference, AsiaSim/SCS AutumnSim 2016, Beijing, China, October 8-11, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Venkatesh, C. Siva Ram Murthy, Contention Resolution in OBS Networks, in: C.S.R. Murthy (Ed.), An Analytical Approach to Optical Burst Switched Networks, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010: pp. 147–198.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, First Taste Of Freedom For 6 Overjoyed Animals Caught On Film, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Management Information Needs in an Era of Change, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1968.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.S. Lewis, Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Syndergaard, Last Man Standing, Is Natural Choice for Survival Game, New York Times. (2016) B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational Science
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Sci.
ISSN (print)1877-7503
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Modelling and Simulation
Theoretical Computer Science

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