How to format your references using the Journal of Computational Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Blow, Systems biology: Untangling the protein web, Nature. 460 (2009) 415–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.J. Burdon, P.H. Thrall, Coevolution of plants and their pathogens in natural habitats, Science. 324 (2009) 755–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Spiegelhalter, M. Pearson, I. Short, Visualizing uncertainty about the future, Science. 333 (2011) 1393–1400.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Zhu, J. Liu, J. Bess Jr, E. Chertova, J.D. Lifson, H. Grisé, G.A. Ofek, K.A. Taylor, K.H. Roux, Distribution and three-dimensional structure of AIDS virus envelope spikes, Nature. 441 (2006) 847–852.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.C. McMaster, Buying and Selling Laboratory Instruments, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
J.R. Bellon, J.S. Wong, S.M. MacDonald, A.Y. Ho, eds., Radiation Therapy Techniques and Treatment Planning for Breast Cancer, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
E.D. Demaine, M.L. Demaine, A. Hawksley, H. Ito, P.-R. Loh, S. Manber, O. Stephens, Making Polygons by Simple Folds and One Straight Cut, in: J. Akiyama, J. Bo, M. Kano, X. Tan (Eds.), Computational Geometry, Graphs and Applications: 9th International Conference, CGGA 2010, Dalian, China, November 3-6, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 27–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, No, The CDC Did Not Apologize And Say The Flu Vaccine Doesn’t Work, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Leadership Remains Key to Agencies Making Progress on Enterprise Architecture Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.C. Newberry, Students’ experiences with simulation education, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Isherwood, A Jacobean Hit Man Who Doesn’t Want Cash, New York Times. (2016) C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational Science
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Sci.
ISSN (print)1877-7503
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Modelling and Simulation
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles