How to format your references using the Journal of Computational Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Portman, M. E. (2015). You’ll be OK. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoshi, T., & Lahiri, S. (2004). Cell biology. Oxygen sensing: it’s a gas! Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5704), 2050–2051.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hao, X., Martin-Rouault, L., & Cui, M. (2014). A self-adaptive method for creating high efficiency communication channels through random scattering media. Scientific reports, 4, 5874.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
van Riel, D., Munster, V. J., de Wit, E., Rimmelzwaan, G. F., Fouchier, R. A. M., Osterhaus, A. D. M. E., & Kuiken, T. (2006). H5N1 Virus Attachment to Lower Respiratory Tract. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5772), 399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret, D., & Huon, J.-P. (2017). Secure Connected Objects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fakhfakh, T., Bartelmus, W., Chaari, F., Zimroz, R., & Haddar, M. (Eds.). (2012). Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations: Proceedings of the Second International Conference “Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationnary Operations” CMMNO’2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dixon, I., & Whittaker, G. (2015). Streaming Media Around the Home. In G. Whittaker (Ed.), Entertainment Apps on the Go with Windows 10: Music, Movies, and TV for PCs, Tablets, and Phones (pp. 101–118). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational Neuroscience.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, October 17). ESA Prepares For Dramatic Mars Landing On Wednesday. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Commercial Trucking: Safety and Infrastructure Issues Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (No. RCED-96-61). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borisova-Kidder, A. (2006). Meta-Analytical Estimates of Values of Environmental Services Enhanced by Government Agricultural Conservation Programs (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J. (2017, June 7). Skills-Gap Fixes. New York Times, p. F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Portman 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hoshi and Lahiri 2004; Portman 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoshi and Lahiri 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (van Riel et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0929-5313
ISSN (online)1573-6873
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles