How to format your references using the Journal of Computational Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D.: Investing to compete. Ontario. Nature. 425, 104–105 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Sullivan, D., Pearce, E.L.: Immunology. Expanding the role of metabolism in T cells. Science. 348, 976–977 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsumoto, M., Saito, S., Ohmine, I.: Molecular dynamics simulation of the ice nucleation and growth process leading to water freezing. Nature. 416, 409–413 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ebrahim, S.H., Memish, Z.A., Uyeki, T.M., Khoja, T.A.M., Marano, N., McNabb, S.J.N.: Public health. Pandemic H1N1 and the 2009 Hajj. Science. 326, 938–940 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Gorman, T.W.: Adaptive Tests of Significance Using Permutations of Residuals with R and SAS®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Zhu, M.: Distributed Optimization-Based Control of Multi-Agent Networks in Complex Environments. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivas, V., Mitra, P.: Two-Phase Framework for Link Prediction. In: Mitra, P. (ed.) Link Prediction in Social Networks: Role of Power Law Distribution. pp. 45–55. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational Electronics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: No More Science Fiction: 3D Holographic Images,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Efforts to Measure Effectiveness and Strengthen Security Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kotch, S.: Unduly harsh and unworkably rigid: The death penalty in North Carolina, 1910–1961, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neroulias, N., Saslow, L.: School Districts Gird For Bad-News Budgets, (2009)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational Electronics
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Electron.
ISSN (print)1569-8025
ISSN (online)1572-8137
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Modelling and Simulation
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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