How to format your references using the Journal of Composites for Construction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites for Construction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balter, M. 2001. “Archaeology. Did plaster hold Neolithic society together?” Science, 294 (5550): 2278–2281.
A journal article with 2 authors
König, P., and P. F. M. J. Verschure. 2002. “Neuroscience. Neurons in action.” Science, 296 (5574): 1817–1818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Germain, R. N., E. A. Robey, and M. D. Cahalan. 2012. “A decade of imaging cellular motility and interaction dynamics in the immune system.” Science, 336 (6089): 1676–1681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ashworth, J., J. J. Havranek, C. M. Duarte, D. Sussman, R. J. Monnat Jr, B. L. Stoddard, and D. Baker. 2006. “Computational redesign of endonuclease DNA binding and cleavage specificity.” Nature, 441 (7093): 656–659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daïan, J.-F. 2014. Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 3. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fischer, T., M. Langanke, P. Marschall, and S. Michl (Eds.). 2015. Individualized Medicine: Ethical, Economical and Historical Perspectives. Advances in Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Léon, G. 2007. “Cooperative Models for Information Technology Transfer in the Context of Open Innovation.” Organizational Dynamics of Technology-Based Innovation: Diversifying the Research Agenda: IFIP TC 8 WG 8.6 International Working Conference, June 14–16, Manchester, UK, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, T. McMaster, D. Wastell, E. Ferneley, and J. I. DeGross, eds., 43–61. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites for Construction.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Enemy Within: The Fungus That Lives In Your Mouth And Kills As Many As MRSA.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Laboratory Research: Sales and Use Tax Costs to Build DOE’s Spallation Neutron Source Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fearrington, N. D. 2008. “The relationship between fathers’ pre -natal involvement with the mother and post -natal involvement with the child(ren).” Doctoral dissertation. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2017. “Mets’ Leadoff Hitter Technically Is Not Missing, but His Bat Has Vanished.” New York Times, April 16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balter 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Balter 2001; König and Verschure 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (König and Verschure 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ashworth et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites for Construction
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Constr.
ISSN (print)1090-0268
ISSN (online)1943-5614
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
Ceramics and Composites

Other styles