How to format your references using the Journal of Composites for Construction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites for Construction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. 2000. “NASA ponders termination of gamma-ray observatory.” Nature, 403 (6767): 232.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cresswell, J. E., and H. M. Thompson. 2012. “Comment on ‘A common pesticide decreases foraging success and survival in honey bees.’” Science, 337 (6101): 1453; author reply 1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
del Campo, A., M. G. Boshier, and A. Saxena. 2014. “Bent waveguides for matter-waves: supersymmetric potentials and reflectionless geometries.” Sci. Rep., 4: 5274.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi, S. H., D. Y. Hyeon, L. H. Lee, S. J. Park, S. Han, I. C. Lee, D. Hwang, and H. G. Nam. 2014. “Gene duplication of type-B ARR transcription factors systematically extends transcriptional regulatory structures in Arabidopsis.” Sci. Rep., 4: 7197.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geyer, T. 2016. Model Predictive Control of High Power Convertersand Industrial Drives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ciocan, C. 2005. Levinas Concordance. (G. Hansel, ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Brouquet, A., A. Andreou, J. Shindoh, and J.-N. Vauthey. 2013. “Methods to Improve Resectability of Hepatocellular Carcinoma.” Multidisciplinary Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Recent Results in Cancer Research, J.-N. Vauthey and A. Brouquet, eds., 57–67. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites for Construction.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “What Does 170-Year-Old Champagne Taste Like?” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bukvic, I. I. 2005. “Tabula Rasa: An Interactive Electroacoustic Work for Flute, Piano, Cello and Live Computer.” Doctoral dissertation. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. 2017. “‘Lesser God’ Is Headed For a Broadway Revival.” New York Times, August 15, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cresswell and Thompson 2012; Reichhardt 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cresswell and Thompson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites for Construction
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Constr.
ISSN (print)1090-0268
ISSN (online)1943-5614
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
Ceramics and Composites

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