How to format your references using the Journal of Composites for Construction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites for Construction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rohde, J. R. (2011). “Microbiology. Listeria unwinds host DNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6022), 1271–1272.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lawler, A., and Mervis, J. (2000). “2001 BUDGET: NSF and NASA Score Last-Minute Victories.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5492), 683a.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cappellini, E., Collins, M. J., and Gilbert, M. T. P. (2014). “Biochemistry. Unlocking ancient protein palimpsests.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6177), 1320–1322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hublin, J.-J., Ben-Ncer, A., Bailey, S. E., Freidline, S. E., Neubauer, S., Skinner, M. M., Bergmann, I., Le Cabec, A., Benazzi, S., Harvati, K., and Gunz, P. (2018). “Author Correction: New fossils from Jebel Irhoud, Morocco and the pan-African origin of Homo sapiens.” Nature, 558(7711), E6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kivy, P. (2011). Once-Told Tales. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Beckert, B., Damiani, F., Boer, F. S. de, and Bonsangue, M. M. (Eds.). (2013). Formal Methods for Components and Objects: 10th International Symposium, FMCO 2011, Turin, Italy, October 3-5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Eglash, R., and Garvey, C. (2014). “Basins of Attraction for Generative Justice.” Chaos Theory in Politics, Understanding Complex Systems, S. Banerjee, Ş. Ş. Erçetin, and A. Tekin, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites for Construction.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Herschel detects that Ceres has large amounts of water.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Concerted Effort Needed to Improve Indian Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ready, C. (2014). “Preventing childhood obesity in foster children: A grant proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P. (2017). “Forces He Could Not Control.” New York Times, BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rohde 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler and Mervis 2000; Rohde 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lawler and Mervis 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hublin et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites for Construction
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Constr.
ISSN (print)1090-0268
ISSN (online)1943-5614
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
Ceramics and Composites

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