How to format your references using the Journal of Composites for Construction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites for Construction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stirling, A. (2010). “Keep it complex.” Nature, 468(7327), 1029–1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pörtner, H. O., and Knust, R. (2007). “Climate change affects marine fishes through the oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5808), 95–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ilonidis, S., Zhao, J., and Kosovichev, A. (2011). “Detection of emerging sunspot regions in the solar interior.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 993–996.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kubatko, K.-A. H., Helean, K. B., Navrotsky, A., and Burns, P. C. (2003). “Stability of peroxide-containing uranyl minerals.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5648), 1191–1193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford, R. (2012). Freedom of Religion and the Secular State. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
von Weizsäcker, C. F. (2006). The Structure of Physics. Fundamental Theories of Physics, (T. Görnitz and H. Lyre, eds.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Tahirovic, A., and Magnani, G. (2013). “Conclusion.” Passivity-Based Model Predictive Control for Mobile Vehicle Motion Planning, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering, G. Magnani, ed., Springer, London, 53–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites for Construction.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). “Watch A Praying Mantis Eat The Face Off A Fly.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Operational Test and Evaluation Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bartenhagen, J. (2012). “Transitioning organizations for sustainability: Exploring the intersection of sustainability, worldview, and organization development.” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017). “After Trump, Executives Ponder Path Into Politics.” New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stirling 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Pörtner and Knust 2007; Stirling 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pörtner and Knust 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kubatko et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites for Construction
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Constr.
ISSN (print)1090-0268
ISSN (online)1943-5614
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
Ceramics and Composites

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