How to format your references using the Journal of Composites for Construction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites for Construction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Neill, L. A. J. (2014). “Biochemistry: succinate strikes.” Nature, 515(7527), 350–351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reader, J. S., and Joyce, G. F. (2002). “A ribozyme composed of only two different nucleotides.” Nature, 420(6917), 841–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knill, E., Laflamme, R., and Milburn, G. J. (2001). “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics.” Nature, 409(6816), 46–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Poremba, A., Malloy, M., Saunders, R. C., Carson, R. E., Herscovitch, P., and Mishkin, M. (2004). “Species-specific calls evoke asymmetric activity in the monkey’s temporal poles.” Nature, 427(6973), 448–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oyama, T. (2010). Post-Crisis Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809.
An edited book
Kryszkiewicz, M., Bandyopadhyay, S., Rybinski, H., and Pal, S. K. (Eds.). (2015). Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence: 6th International Conference, PReMI 2015, Warsaw, Poland, June 30 - July 3, 2015, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kyriazis, D., Menychtas, A., Varvarigou, T., Silvestri, F., Laforenza, D., and Tserpes, K. (2007). “An Open Architecture for QoS Information in Business Grids.” Towards Next Generation Grids: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Symposium 2007, T. Priol and M. Vanneschi, eds., Springer US, Boston, MA, 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites for Construction.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Watch A Zebrafish Brain As It Thinks And Moves.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Reporting of Student Loan Enrollment Status. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov, D. (2010). “The discrete Dirac operator and the discrete generalized Weierstrass representation in pseudo-Euclidean spaces.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer, J., Thrush, G., and Pear, R. (2017). “How a Health Care Bill Failed: G.O.P. Divisions and a Fed-Up President.” New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Neill 2014).
This sentence cites two references (O’Neill 2014; Reader and Joyce 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reader and Joyce 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Poremba et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites for Construction
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Constr.
ISSN (print)1090-0268
ISSN (online)1943-5614
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
Ceramics and Composites

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