How to format your references using the Journal of Composites for Construction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites for Construction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morse, S. S. 2008. “Retrospective: Joshua Lederberg (1925-2008).” Science, 319 (5868): 1351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toffelmier, D. A., and J. A. Tyburczy. 2007. “Electromagnetic detection of a 410-km-deep melt layer in the southwestern United States.” Nature, 447 (7147): 991–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen, B., D. M. Makley, and J. N. Johnston. 2010. “Umpolung reactivity in amide and peptide synthesis.” Nature, 465 (7301): 1027–1032.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Y., J. H. Brown, L. Reshetnikova, A. Blazsek, L. Farkas, L. Nyitray, and C. Cohen. 2003. “Visualization of an unstable coiled coil from the scallop myosin rod.” Nature, 424 (6946): 341–345.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2010. A Practical Approach to Hazard Identification for Operations and Maintenance Workers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wittevrongel, S., and T. Phung-Duc (Eds.). 2016. Analytical and Stochastic Modelling Techniques and Applications: 23rd International Conference, ASMTA 2016, Cardiff, UK, August 24-26, 2016, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
González-Polo, R. A., J. M. Bravo-San Pedro, R. Gómez-Sánchez, E. Pizarro-Estrella, M. Niso-Santano, and J. M. Fuentes. 2014. “Links Between Paraquat and Parkinson’s Disease.” Handbook of Neurotoxicity, R. M. Kostrzewa, ed., 819–842. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites for Construction.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Desert Farms Could Power Flight With Sunshine And Seawater.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Trade Adjustment Assistance: Labor Awarded Community College Grants in Accordance with Requirements, but Needs to Improve Its Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailoor, S. 2016. “Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver.” Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2006. “Grants Will Aid First-Time Home Buyers.” New York Times, September 30, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morse 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Morse 2008; Toffelmier and Tyburczy 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toffelmier and Tyburczy 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites for Construction
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Constr.
ISSN (print)1090-0268
ISSN (online)1943-5614
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Building and Construction
Ceramics and Composites

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